Poetry Party Terms

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alliteration
The repetition of initial sounds in words such as "rough and ready"
assonance
The repetition of vowel sounds
Ex: "My life my wife"
consonance
The repetition of consonant sounds
Ex: "High school girls with clear skin smiles."
7 Types of Imagery
visual, auditory, olfactory, gustatory, tactile, organic, kinesthetic
enjambment
The running over of a sentence or thought from one line of poetry to another.
foot
The smallest repeated pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a poetic line
Ex: iambic
Ex: trochaic
iambic
Two syllables in a poetic line, unstressed followed by stressed.
Ex: repeat
trochaic
Two syllables in a poetic line, stressed followed by unstressed.
Ex: older
verse
A metric line of poetry. It is named according to the kind and number of feet in composing it
Ex: iambic (an unstressed followed by a stressed) pentameter (five feet)
monometer
One foot
dimeter
Two feet
trimeter
Three feet
tetrameter
Four feet
pentameter
Five feet
hexameter
Six feet
heptameter
Seven feet
octometer
Eight feet
hyperbole
An exaggeration or overstatement
onomatopoeia
The use of a word whose sound suggests its meaning
Ex: Clang, buzz, twang
rhyme
The similarity or likeness of sound existing between two words
Ex: "Sat and "Cat"
rhymed verse
Verse with end rhyme that usually has regular meter.
sonnet
A poem consisting of fourteen lines of iambic pentameter
Shakespearean sonnet
Consists of three quatrains (four lines) and a final rhyming couplet (two lines). The rhyme scheme is abab, cdcd, efef, gg. Usually the question or theme is set forth in the quatrains while the answer or resolution appears in final couplet.
heroic couplet (closed couplet)
Two successive rhyming lines that contain a complete thought. Also only for "heroic" events.
caesura
A pause or sudden break in a line of poetry
personification
A literary device in which the author speaks of or describes an animal, object, or idea as if it were a person.
Ex: "The rock stubbornly refused to move!"
free verse
Poetry that does not have a regular meter or rhyme scheme
end rhyme
The rhyming of words that appear at the ends of two or more lines of poetry to another.
internal rhyme
When the rhyming words occur in the same line of poetry.
Ex: "You break my eyes with a look that buys sweet cake."
meter
The pattern of repetition of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry.
repetition
The repeating of a word or phrase within a poem or a prose piece to create a sense of rhythm.
Ex: "His laugh, his dare, his shrug/ sag ghostlike..."
rhythm
The ordered, or free occurrences of sound in poetry. Ordered or regular rhythm is called meter. Free occurrence of sound is called free verse.
couplet
Two lines of verse the same length that usually rhyme. Also a two line stanza
triplet
Three line stanza
quatrain
Four line stanza
quintet
Five line stanza
sestet
Six line stanza
octave
Eight line stanza
simile
A comparison of two unlike things using "like" or "as"
metaphor
A comparison of two unlike things without using "like" or "as"
denotation
The literal meaning of a word.
connotation
A word that invokes another idea/feeling in addition to the literal meaning
symbol
A person, a place, a thing, or an event used to represent something else.
end-stopped
A metrical line ending at with punctuation such as a colon, a semicolon, or a period.
didactic poetry
Refers to poems that contain a clear moral or message or purpose to convey to its readers
visual imagery
Sense of sight
auditory imagery
Sense of sound
gustatory imagery
Sense of taste
olfactory imagery
Sense of smell
tactile imagery
Sense of touch
kinesthetic imagery
Movement of action of objects and/or people
organic imagery
A specific feeling or emotion
stanza
a division of poetry named for the number of lines it contains