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Nutrition First Test
Terms in this set (37)
Carbohydrate and protein each provide _____ calories per gram.
Food scientists measure food energy in:
The nutrients fall into _____ classes.
The energy-yielding nutrients include:
protein and fat
A compound that gives a plant-derived food its color and taste is called a:
Functional foods contain bioactive food components that are believed to provide health benefits beyond their nutrient content.
In nutrition, the word essential means:
a necessary nutrient that can be obtained only from the diet
On a given day, a majority of our population consumes inadequate:
fruits and vegetables
The major role in the body that all vitamins and minerals share is:
to act as regulators in body process
The most energy-rich of the nutrients is:
One gram of alcohol provides _____ calories.
All of the following nutrients are organic except:
Effects of physical activity on the body include all of the following except:
decreased bone density
One of the characteristics of a nutritious diet is that the foods provide enough of each essential nutrient, fiber, and energy. This principle of diet planning is called:
Malnutrition includes deficiencies, imbalances, and excesses of nutrients, alone or in combination, any of which can take a toll on health over time.
20% or more of DV
5% or less DV/serving
recommended daily allowance, micro
upper limit (too much of something) micro
Acceptable macronutrient dietary range, macro (fats, carbs, proteins ranges)
Estimated Energy Requirement, macro, ex. total calories expend depend on how much intake you can take)
Adequate Intake, micro, ex. recommended nutrients for an 18 year old boy
chemical messengers that are manufactured by the endocrine glands, travel through the bloodstream, and affect other tissues
monitor conditions in the body (insulin)
an observation technique in which one person is studied in depth in the hope of revealing universal principles
ex. person eats too little of this and has this illness
a study that measures the incidence and prevalence of a disorder in a given population
ex. People who live in this region have a higher risk of heart disease- because they eat more
a research investigation conducted in a controlled setting explicitly designed to hold events constant
ex use rats and test on them to prove something
an experiment in which something is altered or changed to determine its effect on something else
5 characteristics of a nutritious diet?
3. Calorie Control
major role in the body that all vitamins and minerals share?
all act as regulators in the body process
What is a phytochemical?
A chemical naturally found in plants
Non-nutrient components of plants
Protect DNA from oxidative damage
Secreted and released directly into blood by glands
Stimulate organs to take action
what do glands do?
secrete hormones and monitors conditions of body ex. releases insulin if bp too high or low
what does the gallbladder secrete?
what does the pancreas secrete into the small intestine?
What are the 6 essential nutrients?
carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, minerals, water
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Principles of Nutrition Mid Term
Nutrition Ch. 7
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