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Arts and Humanities
Theology Chapter 5
Terms in this set (30)
Why might one feel that the friendship God had with the Israelites was one-sided?
Because the Israelites were not always faithful friends to God, but God alwaus remained faithful to Israel, kept his promises to them, and sent them a Savior.
What period do the Books of Joshua and Judges cover? What story do they tell?
They cover the Israelites' history from the time of Moses's death to the beginning of the monarchy. They tell the story of the Israelites' settlement in the Promised Land and their interactions with their Canaanite neighbors.
T/F: The major theological truth in the Book of Judges is that the Lord fought for Israel in the conquest of Canaan,while the Book of Joshua explains that the Israelites gained a foothold in the land after about two hundred years involving several major battles.
False. Other way around. Joshua is first part and Joshua is second.
Obedience to God was the key to the Israelites's success against their enemies. explain.
When the Israelites obeyed they were victorious. When they ignored God and followed their own will, they failed.
In the absence of a strong central_____following the death of Joshua, God raised up local_____ leaders called_______. During this era Israelite history centers around a cycle of ______: the denial of God and the reputation of ______. However, throughout it all, God 's ____ remained constant.
Authority, military, judges. Apostasy: faith. Faithful love.
T/F: Israel fell apart, despite the judges' help, due to their unfaithfulness and lawlessness.
T/F: The two Books of Samuel cover the history of the Israelites from the period of the judges until the last years of the prophet Isaiah.
False. The First and Second Books of Samuel cover the story of the Israelites from the period of the judges until the last years of King David's reign, approximately 1075-970 BC.
T/F: The two Books of Kings relate the history of Israel from the death of King David until the Babylonian Captivity.
What was the religious theme of the period of the monarch?
Fidelity to God leads to success; disobedience leads to disaster
T/F: Samuel was a wise priest and prophet, and Israel's last and most significant judge who helped the people to avoid idolatry.
What warnings did Samuel issue to the people of Israel's desire for a king?
He warned them that a human king would draft Israelite children into his army, tax them, and treat them like slaves. He told them that they were offending God by requesting a human king.
_____ was selected as Israel's first king with______approval. His ______exploits were successful as well as his efforts to unite the ___. However, when he began to stray from God's ______, Samuel anointed ________, the greatest of Israel's kings, while Saul was still king.
Saul, God's. Military, tribes. Commands, David.
____ united all the ___and became the sole king of the united nation of Israel for _____ years. In that time, he made _____ the capital and brought the _____ there to witness God's permanent presence to the new____.
David, tribes, thirty-three, Jerusalem, Ark of Covenant, nation.
What is the Davidic covenant?
God made a covenant with David ensuring that a leader from his family would always rule Israel.
T/F: The Davidic dynasty lasted eight hundred years until the Babylonians conquered the southern kingdom.
T/F: The generations following Saul looked to him as someone God used in a special way to work out his divine plane and to reign as a golden age for Israel.
False. David not Saul.
T/F: The Davidic covenant led the Israelites to believe that the Messiah would come from the house of Samuel to save the Chosen People from their enemies.
False. House of David not house of Samuel.
T/F: Despite his greatness King David had his faults, including the sins of adultery and murder.
King_____ was a powerful and wealthy king who generally enjoyed a peaceful and ____ reign. He made _____ the center of Israel's religious life by building the _____there which proved to be his greatest achievement. Pleased with Solomon, God gave him______, exceptional understanding, and ________.
Solomon, prosperous, Jerusalem, Temple. Wisdom, spirit to discern right from wrong.
What are three ways Solomon's power and splendor corrupted him during his later years?
He overextended himself economically by keeping many wives whom he had to support in luxury. Some of his foreign wives introduced their gods and priests into the land and subsequently led many Israelites to false worship. He taxed the Israelites heavily and conscripted many to forced labor.
T/F: After Solomon's death the untied kingdom of Israel split in two with his son, Jeroboam ruling the southern kingdom and his servant Rehoboam ruling the norther ten tribes which formed the kingdom of Judah.
False. Rehoboam, Solomon's son, ruled the southern kingdom, and the kingdom of Judah. Solomon's servant Jeroboam ruled the northern ten tribes, which formed the northern kingdom.
The downfall of the _______ kingdom was the result of idolatry. Rather than centering worship in the holy city of _____, Jeroboam centered it at the two ancient______ of Dan and Bethel. Later, King Ahab allowed his wife_______ to erect altars to Baal. These practices spread ________ throughout the kingdom and led to the ________ of the northern kingdom.
Northern. Jerusalem, shrines. Jezebel. Idolatry, destruction.
The Hebrew word for______is nabi which means "mouthpiece" and the basic message of Israel's prophets was:______________. They appeared during ___________and Judah's decline and the _______ exile. Failure to heed the prophet's words brought _________.
Prophet, repent and be saved. Israel, Babylonian. Doom.
T/F: Jews who compiled the Bible did not consider the northern kingdom's faith to be authentic to YHWH because they did not worship in Jerusalem.
T/F: Because the prophets' responsibility was to tell the ruling authorities what they were doing wrong, it was a thankless job which made them very unpopular.
What are the four important themes preached by the Old Testament prophets?
Worship the one true God. Be just especially to the poor. Know that God will ultimately triumph. Accept God's love and mercy.
King ______ violated the First Commandment by placing two______in the cities of Dan and Bethel for the people to worship. This was motivated by his _____ that allowing his people of the north to worship in_______ might inspire their loyalty to the southern king and many of his _____ followed suit.
Jeroboam, golden calves. Fear, Jerusalem,successors.
Why was Elijah considered the greatest of the Old Testament prophets, second only to Moses?
Because he was taken to Heaven in a whirlwind, the Jews believed that Elijah would, at the end of time, bring peace to the world.
T/F: the Prophet Elijah succeeded Elisha and performed many miracles just like his predecessor, also siding with the poor.
False. Elisha succeeded Elijah
T/F: The prophets Amos and Hosea were two prophets of social justice who challenged King Jeroboam II and his successors who permitted the worship of the Baals and exploitation of the poor.
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