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Midterm Study Guide Bio (Questions and True and False) NOT VOCAB
Terms in this set (31)
Which domain contains the most kingdoms?
List the kingdoms in the domain with the most kingdoms.
Protista, Fungi, Plantae, Animalia
Which kingdom(s) contains ONLY multicellular organisms?
Which kingdom(s) contains ONLY Single-celled organisms like amoeba and paramecium?
Which kingdom(s) contains ONLY heterotrophs?
Which kingdom(s) contains Prokaryotes?
Name the kingdom that contains a type of multicellular organism that cannot move on its own or make its
Name the kingdom that has multicellular organisms that can move on their own, are heterotrophic, and their
cells contain a nucleus but no cell walls.
All eukaryotic cells have a nucleus and all prokaryotic cells do not.
Eukaryotic cells evolved before prokaryotic cells.
All prokaryotic cells have a cell wall and all eukaryotic cells do not.
All prokaryotic cells have membrane-bound organelles and eukaryotic cells do not
Most viruses are parasites
Viruses are not organized as cells
Viruses are prokaryotes
Viruses contain well-defined nucleus
A virus' DNA or RNA is surrounded by a protein coat called a
. Enzymes are a type of organic molecule called a _protein_and are necessary for_increasing the
speed of chemical reactions
What element do all organic molecules contain?
Name the three macromolecules that we studied in class.
Carbohydrates, Proteins, Lipids
Name the subunits of each macromolecule
Carbs=monosaccharides; Proteins=amino acids; Lipids-glycerol and fatty acids
Which macromolecule is the quickest source of energy?
Which macromolecule is stored as starch in plants, and glycogen in animals?
What happens to a cell in a hypertonic solution?
Water molecules move from an area of HIGH water concentration on the INSIDE of the cell to an area of LOW water concentration on the OUTSIDE of the cell.
Describe what happens to a cell in a hypotonic solution
Water enters the celi and it swells. Water molecules move from an area of HIGH water concentration on the OUTSIDE of the cell to an area of LOW water concentration on the INSIDE the cell.
Describe asexual reproduction,
The DNA is copied and the cell splits into two cells
In human reproduction, what is fertilization?
The union of a human egg (female gamete) and sperm (male gamete)
Why do eukaryotic cells undergo mitosis?
To allow organisms to grow and repair damage
Meiosis in humans occurs in_sex_ cells called_ gametes . These cells are have half the number
of _ chromosomes__ (n= _23_). A cell with the full amount (2n= _46_) is called _diploid __, while a cell
with half the number is known as _haploid
What does PMAT stand for?
Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphase, and Telophase.
List the stages of the cell cycle
Gap 1, Synthesis, Gap 2 and Mitosis.
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