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Fine Arts test 1 pt 2
Terms in this set (86)
_______________ is a style of vase painting that made use of bold, simple, linear designs
in 3-D art, the _____ style consisted of figures that exhibit a stiff, frontal pose
_____ refers to a freestanding sculpture of a nude male youth
_____ refers to a sculpture of a fully clothed female
_____ refers to the arrangement of body parts in sculpture so that the weight-bearing leg is apart from the free leg, thereby shifting the hip/shoulder axis
The _______ order refers to a style of architecture employing columns capped by heavy lintels and a pedimented roof.
The minioan civilization was centered on the city of _______
Minoan _______ had running water and elaborated drainage systems
the "Palace of ______" had so many rooms that Greek myth called it the "labyrinth of the Minotaur".
Minoan civilization was centered on _______
the ______ supplanted the Minoans as rulers of Crete.
The Mycenaean military was the basis of Homer's _________
"Tamers of horses"
The stones used to construct Mycenaean fortresses were so large that the later Greeks called them ________
an example fo Mycenaean architecture is the ______ gate of Palace of Mycenae
The four centuries between the Mycenaean and Greek civilization are called the Greek _______
The Hellene calendar began on the date of the first ___________
The Greek Archaic period lasted from _______ BCE
The word _________ means "love of wisdom"
__________ was an important school of pre-Socratic philosophy
Horizontal bands used in organizing a design are called_________
Athenian pottery can be divided into two types: black-figure and __________
The _________ column on Greek temples probably originated in Egypt 2,000 years earlier
a Band of relief elements below the cornice of a Greek temple is called the _________
The Greek equivalent to our musical scale is called a ___________
The greek doctrine of __________ asserted that music could affect character.
For the Greeks, dance, music and _____ were inseparably entwined.
Sappho is called a _________ becaause she wrote her poems to be accompanied by a lyre
________ is a type of government run by the few, especially by a small faction of persons or families
________ is a branch of philosophy dealing with the nature of beauty and art and their relationship to human beings
___________ is a style of art relying on the fundamentals of simplicity, clarity of structure and appeal to the intellect
the ________ order is characterized by columns with scroll-like capitals and circular bases.
the __________ order is characterized by columns employing an elaborate leaf motif in the capital
_________ style is an approach to art characterized by individuality, virtuosity, and emotion
The persian War effectively ended after the Greek victory at ___________
The Greek ship used at the battle of salamis is called a _________
the best soldiers in Greece came from _______
___________ achieved dominance in intellectual and aesthetic Greek life
____________ carried Athenian culture further than ever before.
The age after Alexander's death is called _______
___________ refers to the fusion of diverse religious beliefs and practices
_________ was the city from which Hellenistic culture flowed.
__________ was the first to view history as a specialized discipline
Herodotus believed the loss of the Persians was a result of their ___________
Hubris (excessive pride)
Plat's Theroy of _______ held that material reality was only a copy of a perfect, universal reality that can only be grasped by reason
Forms (or ideas)
Plato believed that art derived primarily from the skill of knowing and making or _________
________ called artistry a form of "divine madness"
for __________ proper art depends upon the "moral ends of the polis".
Ariistrotle believed that the art could produce a "purging" of emotions, and effect he called _________
an artwork's color scheme is refereed to as it's _____________
Among the four characteristics of Greek __________ painting is the portrayal of figures in simple line drawings
The stern look on the faces of Greek ______ sculpture expresses rational self-control
__________ developed a set of rules for constructing the ideal human figure, which he laid out his treaties 'The Canon'
Much surviving Greek art is actually a _______ copy
Hellenistic sculptors turned away from __________
the Classical Greek Temple uses a ___________ structure
the _________ is the greatest Greek temple and the prototype of al classical building since
_________ architecture sought to produce an overpowering emotional experience
______ refers to the "Senatus Populusque Romanus," or the Senate and the Roman people
the __________ was a 200-year span of stability during the Roman Empire, beginning with Emperor Augustus
___________ are columns, often decorative, that are part of, and project from, a wall surface.
the _________ is the principle enclosed room of a Roman temple.
a ________ is a stone coffin, an important type of Roman sculpture.
________ refers to stone or brickwork, a structural architectural feature at which the Romans excelled
The Roman Senate was comprised of patres (that is, the heads of old families), and wealthy members of the citizenry, or ___________
The Roman Senate's combination of old and new power is called a self-renewing _________
The two most important officers who ruled the roman Republic's state were called __________
The Roman Republic lasted until the _______
first cent. BCE
Roman expansion was built on __________
The Roman Republic collapsed during a period of ____________
Octavian was given the title of __________, meaning the Fortunate or Blessed
__________ created the first full-time police forced and firefighters as part of his emphasis on order and peace
_________ created the first full-time police force and fire fighters as part of his emphasis on order and peace
_______ is known as the "Stoic emperor"
Probaly the most influential concept developed by the Romans was __________
Stoicism's main tenants were the acceptance of duty and _______, and the kinship of all people
________ brought stoicism to Rome
___________ was the first philosopher to treat art in a comprehensive manner
Roman religion stressed community ______, not individual religious experience
The most formidable religious cult in the Roman Empire was the Persian mystery-cult of __________
Roman architecture self-consciously borrowed from the ________
the "roman attitude" is best described as ____________
________ refers to painting on wet plaster
The Romans honored successful political and military figures with publicly displayed _________
The most significant "Roman style" development in architecture is the use of the __________ as a structural element
The colosseum was a new type of building called __________
The Roman belief in "honor above life" or ___________ helps explain their taste for blood sport
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