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Logas U.S History FINAL
Terms in this set (92)
what is the bad part of being a British colonist?
must pay taxes, not governed by a representative near you
what is the good part if being a British colonist?
independent governing, trade access to the British Market, religious tolerance
by 1700, what percent of South Carolina was slaves?
by 1750, where there many thriving cities in British North America?
by what year did each colony have their own elected assembly?
europeans who colonized to America claimed to do it for freedom of some kind. In reality, who was given freedom in the New World?
men who would not recognize a master
Americans could only make raw goods, which they were required to send to Britain, as a way to restrict the independent growth of New World
colonists could only sell things to Britain
what caused land configurations to be changed in the New World?
French and Indian war
what describes the Native American society found by the British in North America?
hunter-gather societies with small amounts of agriculture and political organizations
what did the "chapters of liberties and privileges" list?
the rights of Englishmen
what distinguished French settlements in North America?
sparsely distributed, fur trade
what inspired American slave results?
caribbean slave results
what kind of people constituted the majority of English Settlers in North America?
young men, unmarried, indentured servants, looking for land and fortune
what was almost every Native American new of land?
land could not belong to any human, it was for all human enjoyment because it belongs to the Creator
what was a major factor in the British Victory in the 7 years war?
Britain poured a ton of money into the war while France was focused on taking over Europe
what was the attitude of the Puritans toward the Native Americans?
worked together for survival
What was the first British colony attempted in what is now the US?
what was the most attractive thing about British North America?
freedom of religion
what were African-american beliefs based on?
the great awakening, christianity, African beliefs
which country invented the first boat capable of long distance travel?
who had imperial claims in the New World?
British, France, Spain
who started the 7 years war?
who was a dissenter from the Puritan society who believed that the land was the Native American's and eventually got kicked out of Massachusetts to form Rode Island?
who wrote the Social Contract?
why did puritans believe everyone needed to read?
because only people familiar with God's law could obey it
why is the larger growth of what we now know as religious liberty widely unknown?
because all countries in Europe prior to colonizations had an official church
why was the Louisiana Purchase so cheap?
Napoleon cared more about taking over Europe, needed money, didn't want to deal with slave revolts
William Penn, like the Puritans, believed that religion was very important to what his colony meant to accomplish. What did he think his mission would be?
His colony accepted religious deserters of many kinds, including native americans
how did Benjamin Franklin make his fortune?
the printing business
how did the British win the Battle at Bunker Hill?
the Americans ran out of ammo
how did the colonists get the slaves to fight for them?
they promised them that if they fight they will earn their freedom
how was Paine different from other patriots?
he was not in the same socioeconomics
how were American officers chosen?
they were elected, making it a popularity contest
"the power to tax is the power to ______"
to whom was the Olive Branch petition addressed?
The King of England
what action from the crowd provoked the Boston Massacre?
the crowd started throwing snowballs filled with rocks at the British troops
what did Adams need to go to Congress to do?
he needed to get support of words and deeds for Massachusetts
what did the Declaratory Act declare?
it declared that parliament had the power to make laws at an time to the colonies
what did the stamp act require people to do? why?
the Stamp Act required people to pay a small tax to England. This was an attempt to pay for the debt of the French and Indian War
what did Thomas Paine write?
what foreign policy problem led to the Stamp Act?
the British borrowed hella money for the French and Indian War
what happened to Falmouth, Maine?
the British burned it to the ground
what incident is described as "gesture politics"?
The Boston Tea Party
what kind of aristocracy did John Adams favor?
talent and merit because he resented the idea of class
what rights are unalienable according to the Declaration of Independence?
life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness
what was no one afraid of in America?
what was the attitude of the British aristocracy toward the American upper class
negative because they always looked down on them thinking they would never get it right
what was the first military action taken by the British?
the British sent ships to Boston to close all of the ports
what was the hardest task for the British Army?
trying to subdue an entire population
what was the role of African Americans in the American Revolution?
they stayed throughout the war to gain their freedom while white soldiers came and went
when Benjamin Rush visited England, what did he see and want to do?
he saw the throne and he wanted to sit on it
where does physical violence against the Stamp Act occur?
which battle ended in war?
the battle of yorktown
which battle was won on a flat battle field and convinced the French to give the revolutionists hella bank?
battle of Saratoga
which countries did Franklin see that made him think America was better?
he saw Ireland and Scotland
which group did John Adams find to be fast talking and rude?
which group was certain to be aggravated by the Stamp act? why was this bad?
sailors were going to be angry because they were taxing dice and cards. this was their to be occupied on the ship
which men were being sought by General Gage?
John Adams, Samuel Adams, and John Handcock
Who could be taxed without their consent in England?
servants, people who didn't own their own property, women, and children
Who fired the "shot heard around the world"?
no one knows
who got involved with politics as a result of the boycott who had not been involved in politics before?
women got involved because they controlled the family finances
who won the battle of Lexington?
who said "in 1774, nobody, drunk or sober, was even talking about war or independence?"
who was General Gage?
the military governor of Massachusetts
who was sent to France to help convince them to give hella bank?
Benjamin Franklin and George washington
who were the four delegates?
George Washington, Samuel adams, patrick henry, and john handcock
what did Adams nominate George Washington to lead the army?
they needed a Virginian to help the colonies coincide
why did some of the delegates not want to make a declaration?
they didn't want war, shame, or to die
why did they boycott alarm British manufacturers?
Americans started making their own goods, resulting in no revenue or taxes for Britain
why did the British have to turn back after Lexington even though they had just beaten the Farmers at Concord?
because the Minutemen used Gorilla Tactics
why did the British make a military mistake at Bunker Hill?
they had no respect for the Americans so they decided to charge the hill
why did the British think that the colonists would accept the tax on tea in 1775?
because they had made the tea extremely cheap before the tax
why did the Coercive Acts upset the other colonies when they were only directed agains Massachusetts?
because they could be applied to other colonies
why was Benjamin Franklin such a dangerous political component
he made his fortune by from printing
why was the Boston Tea Party so offensive to the British Government?
it was a total defiance of the British
why were the colonists lucky to be British?
the British believed in political liberty
what constitutional problem did the Louisiana Purchase create for Jefferson?
the constitution says nothing about buying land from a foreign country
what happened in 1793 that affected the fate of slavery in the United States and the American South?
the invention of the cotton gin
which of the following probably contributed the most to westward movement between 1800-1830?
the cotton gin, final decision of the conflict between Britain and the United States in 1814, and the completion of the Erie Canal
who was Thomas Jefferson's secretary of state?
what is "nullification"?
a state determining that it will not obey a federal law, rendering in "null and void"
Dartmouth College had a secret weapon to win a court case against the state of New Hampshire. What was it?
Fletcher v. Peck and Dartmouth v. Woodward establish which principle of American law, still valid today?
the protection of contract law
why can Marbury v. Madison be considered the most important case in U.S. history?
It established the principle and mechanism of judicial review
which of the following court cases found that one party to a contract can't decide to end it by themselves, even if they are a state legislature?
Fletcher v. Peck
In McCullogh, a state was trying to use the power to tax in order to destroy something. What was it?
a national bank
Which of the following was the first attempt to address the question of the expansion of slavery from the original slave states in the Deep South?
The Missouri Compromise
Which states from the old Louisiana Purchase territory adopted slavery into law?
Missouri, Louisiana, and Arkansas
Why did Fredrick Douglass include specific information about slave clothing and diet in his autobiography?
he wanted people to check his facts when he said slaves were poor and hungry
In Uncle Tom's Cabin, the supposed "lowest circle of hell" for a slave is located in which state?
Why didn't the Freeport Doctrine point to popular sovereignty work?
the Fugitive Slave Act and the Deed Scott decision made slaves returnable from free states
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