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proximity of effect
the social, psychological, cultural, or physical distance between a decision maker and those affected by his or her decisions
preconventional level of moral development
the first level of moral development, in which people make decisions based on selfish reasons
conventional level of moral development
the second level of moral development, in which people make decisions that conform to societal expectations
postconventional level of moral development
the third level of moral development, in which people make decisions based on internalized principles
principles of long-term self-interest
an ehtical principle that holds that you should never tae any action that is not in your or your organization's long-term self-interest
principle of personal virtue
an ethical principle that holds that you should never do anything that is not honest, open, and truthful and that you would not be glad to see reported in the newspapers or on TV
principle of religious injunctions
an ethical principle that holds that you should never take any action that is not kind and that does not build a sense of community
principle of government requirements
an ethical principle that holds that you should never take any action that violates the law, for the law represents the minimal moral standard
principle of utilitarian benefits
an ethical principle that holds that you should never take any action that does not result in greater good for society
principle of individual rights
an ethical principle that holds that you should never take any action that infringes on others' agreed-upon rights
principle of distributive justice
an ethical principle that holds that you should never take any action that harms the least fortunate among us: the poor, the uneducated, the umemployed
overt integrity test
a written test that estimates job applicant' honesty by directly asking them what they thin or feel about theft or about punishment of unethical behaviors
personality-based integrity test
a written test that indirectly estimates job applicant's honesty by measuring psychological traits, such as dependability and conscientiousness
a business's obligation to pursue policies, make decisions, and take actions that benefit society
a view of social responsibility that holds that an organization's overriding foal should be profit maximization for the benefit of shareholders
a theory of corporate responsibility that holds that managements' most important responsibility, long-term survival, is achieved by satisfying the interests of multiple corporate stakeholders
any group that can influence or be influenced by a company and can affect public perceptions about the company's socially responsible behavior
a company's social responsibility to make a profit by producing a valued product or service
a company's social responsibility not to violate accepted principles of right and wrong when conducting its buiness
the social roles that a company fulfills beyond its economic, legal, and ethical responsibilities
refers to a company's strategy to respond to stakeholders' economic, legal, ethical, or discretionary expectations concerning social responsibility
a social responsiveness strategy in which a company does less than society expects
a social responsiveness strategy in which a company admits responsibility for a problem buy does the least requited to meet societal expectations
a social responsiveness strategy in which a company accepts responsibility for a problem and does all that society expects to solve that problem
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