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Definitions- 61 &62
Terms in this set (30)
Stiffness or fixation of a joint usually resulting from destruction of articular cartilage and subchondral bone
Incision or puncture of joint capsule to obtain samples of synovial fluid from within joint cavity or to remove excess fluid; used for diagnostic purposes, to instill medications, and to remove fluid from the joints to relieve pain. (Also known as joint aspiration.)
Insertion of an arthroscope into a joint for visualization or surgery.
Wasting of muscle, characterized by decreased circumference and flabby appearance leading to decreased function and tone.
An abnormal, usually permanent condition of a joint, characterized by flexion or fixation; may be caused by atrophy and shortening of muscle fibers resulting from immobilization or by loss of the normal elasticity of connective tissues or the skin, such as from the formation of extensive scar tissue over a joint
Crackling sound or grating sensation as a result of friction between bones
Muscular contraction that increases tension but does not produce movement.
Muscular contraction with shortening that produces movement.
Anteroposterior or forward bending of spine with convexity of curve in posterior direction; common at thoracic and sacral levels.
Lumbar spinal deformity resulting in anteroposterior curvature with concavity in posterior direction
Cylindrical structral units that fit closely together in compact bone, creating a dense bone structure
Degree of movement in joints
range of motion (ROM)
A lateral S-shaped curvature of the thoracic and lumbar spine
The most common diagnostic study used to assess musculoskeletal problems and to monitor the effectiveness of treatment.
The surgical fusion of a joint
Surgical reconstruction or replacement of a joint
Inflammation of the bursa
A condition caused by compression of the median nerve beneath the transverse carpal ligament within the narrow confines of the carpal tunnel located in the wrist
Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS)
A condition in which elevated intracompartmental pressure within a confined myofascial compartment compromises the neurovascular function of tissues within that space
A severe injury of the ligamentous structures that surround a joint resulting in the complete displacement or separation of the articular surfaces of the joint.
Embolization of fat globules that occur in a small percentage of patient with fractures; occurs most frequently in fractures of the femur, ribs, tibia, and pelvis.
fat embolism syndrome (FES)
A disruption or break in the continuity of the structure of bone.
Removing or adding a wedge or slice of bone to change its alignment and shift weight bearing, thereby correcting deformity and relieving pain.
Perception of sensations or pain in an amputated limb
phantom limb sensation
A cumulative trauma disorder resulting from prolonged, forceful, or awkward movements resulting in strain of tendons, ligaments, and muscles, causing tiny tears that become inflamed.
Repetitive strain injury (RSI)
An injury to ligamentous structures surrounding a joint, usually caused by a wrenching or twisting motion.
An excessive stretching of a muscles and its facial sheath
A partial or incomplete displacement of the joint surface
Surgical removal of synovial membrane
The application of a pulling force to an injured or diseased part of the body or an extremity while countertraction pulls in the opposite direction; traction devices exert a pulling force on a fractured extremity and may be used to reduce or immobilize a fracture; may be applied to the skin (skin traction) or to the bone (skeletal traction).
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