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Arts and Humanities
Year book final
Terms in this set (43)
Leading lines give your composition structure and the viewer to key
What are leading lines?
Horizontal pictures-that encourage our eyes to move from side to side
What is landscape?
Vertical pictures-that encourage our eyes to move up and down
What is portrait?
Framing refers to using elements of a scene to create a frame within your frame. For example, you might shoot through a doorway, pulled back curtains, branches, fences, tunnels, or arches to highlight your subject.
What is framing?
foreground is the portion of the frame that is closest to the camera. The foreground space in an image can be utilized to draw attention to a subject located further into the frame, for example with leading lines, or it can be used to frame the subject.
What is foreground?
foreground interest (mostly landscapes) are generally more visually intriguing than those without. It creates a layered photograph that provides a focal point to start on, and then allows you to expand to other parts of the image
What is foreground interest?
By getting close you are filling the frame with the subject. This allows people to notice tiny details about the main object.
What is "getting close" when it come to photography?
SYMMETRY refers to a line that splits an object in half and, if both sides of the object are an exact mirror image of each other, then this object is said to be symmetrical. The line that splits a symmetrical object is called the line of symmetry. (Creates balance)
What is symmetry?
The rule of thirds proposes that an image should be imagined as divided into nine equal parts by two equally spaced horizontal lines and two equally spaced vertical lines, and that important compositional elements should be placed along these lines or their intersections. Use this if you don't wanna centre your object, but still want to maintain balance
What is the rule of thirds?
By lining up your shot it's your subtle movements that make everything go into place. Nothing can creep into the photo that doesn't belong. EVERYTHING NEEDS TO BE WHERE IT SHOULD BE. When working the frame your photo should result in you knowing exactly what's going on in every part of your frame.
How do you "work the frame"?
Visual Weight in photographs is influenced by a number of factors, which you can use to strengthen the focal point and create balance in your image.
The image should have the same tones.
What is visual weight?
Aperture priority, often abbreviated A or Av (for aperture value) on a camera mode dial, is a setting on some cameras that allows the user to set a specific aperture value (f-number) while the camera selects a shutter speed to match it that will result in proper exposure based on the lighting conditions
What is AV mode?
TV mode stands for Time Value but is better known as SHUTTER PRIORITY Mode. In TV mode the user specifies a shutter speed, while the camera adjusts the aperture size that correctly corresponds .
What is TV mode?
Shutter speed controls the length of time the light enters your camera
What is shutter speed?
Low light shutter speeds-1/500, 1/1000, 1/2000
What shutter speeds do you use when shooting in low light?
1/2, 1/4, 1/8
What shutter speed do you use when shooting in exposed or bright light?
Fast movement 1/800- 1/1000
Shutter speeds when shooting- sports
Semi fast/moderate movement- 1/250 or more
Shutter speeds when shooting-portrait
Slow movement-1/250 or more - 1/1000
Shutter speed when shooting low movement
No movement-1/100- 1/125 or more
Shutter speed when-freeze motion
1/60 or less with make any time of purposeful blur
What shutter speed when- making a purposeful blur?
iOS controls how sensitive your camera is to light
Hard light is brutal and dramatic you use it to make cut throat shadows and stark highlights which are unforgiving and expose all creating a Grimm looking photo
Soft light gives a soft diffused light as it draws out for and features without being severe. Soft light is the master of meditation and it softens hard edges it gives your objects a lesser sense of 3 dimensional form
Natural light offend gives a white color making the photo innocent or calm source-SUN
Artificial light gives the photo a yellowish tone and artificial glow making a hue over the image- gives photo unease (polluted feel)
Flash allows the foreground subjects stand out and gives photos amazing glows/ energy
Inbuilt flash dominates the look and feel of an image. Flash lights your subject from the same angle and causes everything in the foreground or anything slightly reflective to become over exposed (gives intensity)
iOS for gloomy day
Aperture controls how much light enters your camera
100-200 (less sensitive to light)
iOS to a sunny day
F/2.8 -f/4 (allows more light to enter) -makes photos less in focus (shallow depth of field
F/16-f/22 (less light enters)-makes photos more in focus (deeper depth of field)
Shallow depth of field throws an area of your image out of focus. It causes intensity, and makes an out of focus background. This isolated the subject from its environment
What is shallow depth of field
Deep or wide depth of field help show the scale and detail of the landscape. Deep or wide aperture causes everything from the foreground to the background to be in focus.
What is wide/deep depth of field
How can shutter speed be used to tell a story?
Exposure Compensation is a function that allows you to make you entire image brighter or darker.
What is exposure compensation?
When a subject is backlit is is seductive and beautiful. In a backlit subject we can add exposure compensation to draw out detail in the shadows. This makes your whole image brighter.
How can exposure compensation be used when a subject is backlit?
When a backlit subject is wanted to be silhouetted exposure compensation allows you to throw out the shadows and but your subjects in absolute darkness. By turning down the exposure you will under expose the image making the shadows darker while drawing out detail in the highlights.
How can exposure compensation be used if you want a silhouette a black lit image?
It allows us to provoke emotions in our photos like intensity or happiness. Flash allows photographs to show energy and feelings
How can we use flash artistically?
You need to avoid flash if you want your photo to have a natural look. Since flash is an artificial light source it will give your photo an unnatural look
Why to avoid flash?
A high iOs negatively affects your photo bc it makes it more "noisy." You will start to notice this at any iOS anywhere higher the 800.
How can a high iOS negatively impact a photo?
shutter speed as a story telling is like it can blur the photo to show where something was or it can freeze a moment so that you can see what happened before it chambered
How can shutter speed be used as a story telling element in a photo?
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