decreasing angle between two bones ( i.e. bends limb)
increases angle,between two bones ( i.e. extends limb)
moving limb away from median plane
moving limb towards median plane
over developed , muscle gets larger w/ exercise
decrease in muscle, muscle shrinks
starting point of muscle (no movement)
opposite end ( most movement)
largest strong muscle of the head
what type of muscle is the eye
what do nasal turbinates do? what do they look like?
warm & humidify air, look like scrolls
where is the foramen magnum? what is it?
occipital & foramen magnum is a hole where spinal cord passes through
what are sutures? where are they commonly found
firm/immovable fibrous joints, in the skull, uniting majority of component bones.
2 halves of the jaw come together at
where does the hip connect to the pelvis?
Cervical-7, Thoracic-13, Lumbar-7, Sacral-3, Caudal-cd20-23(tail)
antebrachium, what makes it?
forearm. ulna and radius
largest bone in the hindlimb
largest bone in the forelimb
what is a synovial joint
the most moveable type of joint, achieve movement at the point of contact of the articulating bones
types of synovial joints
example of a splancnic bone
os penis, os cordis
example of a sesamoid bone
what meds are given IM
where are IM meds commonly given
digital extensors do what
extend the toes
carpal flexors do what
flex the wrist
muscles of the thorax
external and internal intercostals
external intercostals assit w/ what
internal intercostals assit w/
percent of red blood cells in total blood
over hydration, acute or chronic blood loss, immune mediated disease
Total Protein (TP)
measures ratio of protein in blood
more concerned w/ low or high TP?
low TP, liver disease
What is TP looked at with
refractometer,calibrated with distilled water
plasma w/o the clotting factor
liquid part of the blood
what do pectorals do?
adduct the limbs
what do triceps brachi do
extend the elbow
what do biceps brachi do
two ossification methods
intramembranous an endochondral
round projection on bone
hole/passage for blood vessels
hollow or depressed area on bone
connects muscle to bone
connects bone to bone
3 dog skull shapes
dolichocephalic-long & narrow-greyhound, afghan hound
brachycephalic-short & wide- boxer,bulldog, pug
mesaticephalic- normal, average shape-lab,retriever
round & apple shaped
a bone forming cell
destroys, remodels bone to make bone marrow cavity
cheek bones, common restraint for cats
"idiot bump" , ridge of the bone on dorsal part of skull
long, flat, short, irregular
limbs(femur, humerus). has a shaft w/medullary cavity
skull, scapula, ribs. no medullary cavity,compact outer layer with spongy inner
carpal/tarsal bones,no medullary cavity
vertebrae, uniformed in shape, lie in midline, unpaired
framework of the body and made up of bone & cartilage
5 skeletal system funcc
locomotion, protection, storage, support, hemopoiesi
sesamoid-develop in ligament, tendon,seasme seed shaped.
pneumatic- air filled spaces, sinus cavity
splanchnic-developed in organ-os penis
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