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63 terms

materials test #3

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flexion
decreasing angle between two bones ( i.e. bends limb)
extension
increases angle,between two bones ( i.e. extends limb)
abduction
moving limb away from median plane
adduction
moving limb towards median plane
hypertrophy
over developed , muscle gets larger w/ exercise
atrophy
decrease in muscle, muscle shrinks
origin
starting point of muscle (no movement)
insertion
opposite end ( most movement)
largest strong muscle of the head
temporalis
what type of muscle is the eye
extrinsic
what do nasal turbinates do? what do they look like?
warm & humidify air, look like scrolls
where is the foramen magnum? what is it?
occipital & foramen magnum is a hole where spinal cord passes through
what are sutures? where are they commonly found
firm/immovable fibrous joints, in the skull, uniting majority of component bones.
2 halves of the jaw come together at
mandibular symphysis
where does the hip connect to the pelvis?
pubic symphysis
vertebral column
Cervical-7, Thoracic-13, Lumbar-7, Sacral-3, Caudal-cd20-23(tail)
antebrachium, what makes it?
forearm. ulna and radius
largest bone in the hindlimb
femur
largest bone in the forelimb
humerus
what is a synovial joint
the most moveable type of joint, achieve movement at the point of contact of the articulating bones
types of synovial joints
hip, shoulder,scapulohumeral
example of a splancnic bone
os penis, os cordis
example of a sesamoid bone
patella
what meds are given IM
anti-inflammatory, antibiotics
where are IM meds commonly given
gluteal muscle
digital extensors do what
extend the toes
carpal flexors do what
flex the wrist
muscles of the thorax
external and internal intercostals
external intercostals assit w/ what
inspiration
internal intercostals assit w/
expiration
PCV
Packed cell volume
PCV def
percent of red blood cells in total blood
high PCV
dehydration
low PCV
over hydration, acute or chronic blood loss, immune mediated disease
Total Protein (TP)
measures ratio of protein in blood
normal TP
6-7.5
more concerned w/ low or high TP?
low TP, liver disease
What is TP looked at with
refractometer,calibrated with distilled water
serum
plasma w/o the clotting factor
plasma
liquid part of the blood
what do pectorals do?
adduct the limbs
what do triceps brachi do
extend the elbow
what do biceps brachi do
flex elbow
two ossification methods
intramembranous an endochondral
Condyle
round projection on bone
foramen
hole/passage for blood vessels
fossa
hollow or depressed area on bone
tendon
connects muscle to bone
ligament
connects bone to bone
3 dog skull shapes
dolichocephalic-long & narrow-greyhound, afghan hound
brachycephalic-short & wide- boxer,bulldog, pug
mesaticephalic- normal, average shape-lab,retriever
cat skull
round & apple shaped
osteoblast
a bone forming cell
osteoclast
destroys, remodels bone to make bone marrow cavity
zygomatic arch
cheek bones, common restraint for cats
saggital crest
"idiot bump" , ridge of the bone on dorsal part of skull
bone shapes
long, flat, short, irregular
long bones
limbs(femur, humerus). has a shaft w/medullary cavity
flat bones
skull, scapula, ribs. no medullary cavity,compact outer layer with spongy inner
short bones
carpal/tarsal bones,no medullary cavity
irregular bones
vertebrae, uniformed in shape, lie in midline, unpaired
skeletal system
framework of the body and made up of bone & cartilage
5 skeletal system funcc
locomotion, protection, storage, support, hemopoiesi
specialized bones
sesamoid-develop in ligament, tendon,seasme seed shaped.
pneumatic- air filled spaces, sinus cavity
splanchnic-developed in organ-os penis