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Swine Vaccination Protocols
General Veterinary Medicine
Reason for variability of vaccination protocols between swine farms?
Vx are used for the various diseases present - if the Dz does not exist on the farm, there is little reason to Vx
Prefarrowing vaccine general timing?
2-3 weeks prior to farrowing
Major prefarrowing vaccines?
Erysipelas, Atrophic rhinitis, E. coli, and C. perf type C
Components of atrophic rhinitis vaccine?
Bortetella bronchisepticum bactrin and Pasteurella multocida type D toxoid
Timing of E. coli and C. perf type C vaccines for primiparous prefarrowing?
2 vaccinations, 3 and 6 weeks prior to farrowing
Optional prefarrowing vaccines?
TGE and Rotavirus
Preweaning vaccines if weaned < 3 weeks of age?
May not be given except Mycoplasma prior to weaning
Preweaning vaccines if weaned at 4 weeks of age or older?
Atrophic rhinitis and Erysipelas a week before and 2 weeks after weaning
Prebreeding vaccine timing?
Given 2-3 weeks prior to breeding
Leptospirosis and Parvo Virus
Canicola, icterohemorrhagica, hardjo, pomona, gripotyphosa and bratislava
Parvo Virus vaccine?
For a ubiquitous organism; colostral immunity can last up to 8 months - this interferes w/ vaccine response; Gilts should be exposed to sow feces early to obtain naturally acquired immunity
Pot bellied pig vaccines?
Erysipelas and AR vaccines 2x a year; Lepto and Parvo for breeding animals; Rabies annually; potentially mycoplasma
Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae vaccine?
Vaccinate entire herd; piglets @ 1 week, again 2-3 weeks later
Streptococcus suis vaccine?
Dz of pigs in farrowing house and nursery; commercial Vx available, but may are autogenous; administration varies among manufacturers
Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae vaccine?
Given to pigs 4 weeks of age and older
Available in parenteral and oral vaccines
Hemophilus parasuis vaccine?
Glasser's Dz - a disease in the nursery; vaccinate pigs 4 weeks of age or older
MLV should not be used in pregnant animals; virus will spread from vaccinated animals to non-vaccinated animals. Give this similarly to lepto and parvo to prevent reproductive losses
Sow and preparturient gilt deworming?
Perform prior to farrowing and in early gestation if animals are in a contaminated environment
Replacement gilt (>220lbs) deworming?
Every 6 weeks if in contaminated area and at time of breeding
Check when entering nursery and at weaning; @ 50-70lbs (grower area); @ 100-110lbs (finisher area); if finishers in contaminated area, again @ 150-170lbs
2x a year if in confinement; every 3 months if in contaminated environment
Gets all of the important worms
Two external parasites of economic importance in swine?
Lice and mange
External parasite prevention in sows and preparturient gilts?
Before farrowng to reduce piglet exposure
External parasite prevention in pigs?
@ weaning; @ 50-70lb; @ grower and finisher areas as needed
External parasite prevention in boars?
2x a year
External parasite control topicals?
Amitraz, ivermectin, permethrins