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9 terms

Cell Structure

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Peroxisome
organelle with various specialized metabolic functions; produces hydrogen peroxide
Plasmodesmata
channels through cell walls that connect the cytoplasms of adjacent cells
Central Vacuole
prominent organelle in older plant cells; functions include storage, breakdown of waste products, hydrolysis of macromolecules; enlargement of vacuole is major mechanism of plant growth
Ribosomes
particles made of ribosomal RNA and protein, are the organelles that carry out protein synthesis
Endomembrane System
nuclear envelope, endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi apparatus, lysosomes, various kinds of vacuoles, and the plasma membrane
Vesicles
Sacs made of membrane; connects membranes of the endomembrane system
Glycoproteins
Proteins that have carbohydrates covalently bonded to them
Golgi apparatus
A center of manufacturing, warehousing, sorting, and shipping; products of ER are modified and stored and then sent to other destinations
Phagocytosis
Eat by engulfing smaller organisms or other food particles