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organelle with various specialized metabolic functions; produces hydrogen peroxide


channels through cell walls that connect the cytoplasms of adjacent cells

Central Vacuole

prominent organelle in older plant cells; functions include storage, breakdown of waste products, hydrolysis of macromolecules; enlargement of vacuole is major mechanism of plant growth


particles made of ribosomal RNA and protein, are the organelles that carry out protein synthesis

Endomembrane System

nuclear envelope, endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi apparatus, lysosomes, various kinds of vacuoles, and the plasma membrane


Sacs made of membrane; connects membranes of the endomembrane system


Proteins that have carbohydrates covalently bonded to them

Golgi apparatus

A center of manufacturing, warehousing, sorting, and shipping; products of ER are modified and stored and then sent to other destinations


Eat by engulfing smaller organisms or other food particles

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