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Post War Years Key Terms
Terms in this set (77)
A general and progressive increase in prices
John Maynard Keynes
English economist who advocated the use of government monetary and fiscal policy to maintain full employment without inflation (1883-1946)
Government practice of spending more than it takes in from taxes
the economic crisis beginning with the stock market crash in 1929 and continuing through the 1930s
A series of reforms enacted by the Franklin Roosevelt administration between 1933 and 1942 with the goal of ending the Great Depression.
the process of learning to live an alcohol-free life
to bring back to rightness, order, or morality
the difference in elevation between the highest and lowest parts of an area
New Economic Policy
Policy proclaimed by Vladimir Lenin in 1924 to encourage the revival of the Soviet economy by allowing small private business and farming using markets instead of communist state ownership. His idea was that the Soviet state would just control "the commanding heights" of the economy like major industry, while allowing ordinary citizens to operate business and property ownership as normal. Joseph Stalin ended this in 1928 and replaced it with greater state ownership, collectivization, and a series of Five-Year Plans.
Five Year Plan
Stalin's economic policy to rebuild the Soviet economy after WWI. tried to improve heavy industry and improve farm output, but resulted in famine
Foreign policy created under President Taft that had the U.S. exchanging financial support ($) for the right to "help" countries make decisions about trade and other commercial ventures. Basically it was exchanging money for political influence in Latin America and the Caribbean.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt
Democratic president who created the New Deal to counter the effects of the Great Depression
Fascist Dictator of Italy that at first used bullying to gain power, then never had full power.
Austrian born Dictator of Germany, implement Fascism and caused WWII and Holocoust.
Paul von Hindenburg
President of the Weimar Republic of Germany who appointed Hitler Chancellor in 1933
Fascist leader of the Spanish revolution, helped by Hitler and Mussolini
Portuguese dictator, rejected African demands for freedom
Dictator of Brazil from 1930 to 1945 and from 1951 to 1954. Defeated in the presidential election of 1930, he overthrew the government and created Estado Novo ('New State'), a dictatorship that emphasized industrialization.
Bolshevik revolutionary, head of the Soviet Communists after 1924, and dictator of the Soviet Union from 1928 to 1953. He led the Soviet Union with an iron fist, using Five-Year Plans to increase industrial production and terror to crush opposition
Dictator in Mexico from 1876 to 1911. Overthrown by the Mexican Revolution of 1910.
Revolutionary and leader of peasants in the Mexican Revolution. He mobilized landless peasants in south-central Mexico in an attempt to seize and divide the lands of the wealthy landowners. Though successful for a time, he was ultimately defeated and assassinated.
A popular leader during the Mexican Revolution of 1910. An outlaw in his youth, when the revolution started, he formed a cavalry army in the north of Mexico and fought for the rights of the landless in collaboration with Emiliano Zapata.
President of Mexico (1934-1940). He brought major changes to Mexican life by distributing millions of acres of land to the peasants, bringing representatives of workers and farmers into the inner circles of politics, and nationalizing the oil industry
Communist leader of China; gained power through the Chinese civil war; defeated US backed Chiang Kai Shek
Chinese nationalist revolutionary, founder and leader of the Guomindang until his death. He attempted to create a liberal democratic political movement in China but was thwarted by military leaders.
Leader of Turkish nationalists who overthrew the last Ottoman sultan
A philosopher from India, this man was a spiritual and moral leader favoring India's independence from Great Britain. He practiced passive resistance, civil disobedience and boycotts to generate social and political change.
Muhammed Ali Jinnah
Leader of the Muslim League
Indian statesman. He succeeded Mohandas K. Gandhi as leader of the Indian National Congress. He negotiated the end of British colonial rule in India and became India's first prime minister (1947-1964).
Broke up more trusts than TR, safety rules for miners, graduated income tax, dealed with child labor issues, raised tariffs to help industry and business
Led a guerrilla resistance movement against U.S. occupation forces in Nicaragua; assassinated by Nicaraguan National Guard in 1934; became national hero and symbol of resistance to U.S. influence in Central America.
German republic founded after the WWI and the downfall of the German Empire's monarchy.
a member of the National Socialist German Workers' Party.
formed in 1931 after King Alfonso VIII abdicated; supported by the Loyalists in the Spanish Civil War
A government of all left-wing parties that took power in France in 1936 to enact social and economic reforms.
A member of a political group advocating or fighting for national independence, a strong national government, etc.
American colonists who remained loyal to Britain and opposed the war for independence
Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
Chinese Communist Party
Party formed in 1923 when Sun Yat-Sen merged the Third Communist International and the KMT to create the first of many liberation fronts. This front was completely anticonservative and anti-imperialist, but not fully communist. Eventually it would separate from and defeat the KMT under Mao Zedong in 1927.
The Chinese Nationalist Party, formed after the fall of the Qing Dynasty in 1912.
Turkish National Movement
establishment of a sovereign state within Turkish national borders
A particular form of nonviolent resistance or civil resistance started by Mohandas K Gandhi
Members of a leftist coalition that overthrew the Nicaraguan dictatorship of Anastasia Somoza in 1979 and attempted to install a socialist economy. The United States financed armed opposition by the Contras. They lost national elections in 1990.
A political system headed by a dictator that calls for extreme nationalism and racism and no tolerance of opposition
A business owned by stockholders who share in its profits but are not personally responsible for its debts
Spanish Civil War
In 1936 a rebellion erupted in Spain after a coalition of Republicans, Socialists, and Communists was elected. General Francisco Franco led the rebellion. The revolt quickly became a civil war. The Soviet Union provided arms and advisers to the government forces while Germany and Italy sent tanks, airplanes, and soldiers to help Franco.
Breakup of large agricultural holdings for redistribution among peasants
a Spanish town that was brutally bombed and was full of innocent civilians it was supposed to encourage fear, Picasso painted a famous painting capturing Guernica
in the western Pyrenees, and part of the territory belongs to Spain and part to France
German Air Force
A seven-member committee that became the leading policy-making body of the Communist Party in Russia
Northern Indian city and location of the Golden Temple, Sikhism's holiest shrine
A form of political participation that reflects a conscious decision to break a law believed to be immoral and to suffer the consequences.
passive resistance campaign of Mohandas Gandhi where many Indians protested the British tax on salt by marching to the sea to make their own salt.
Also called economic imperialism, this is the domination of newly independent countries by foreign business interests that causes colonial-style economies to continue, which often caused monoculture (a country only producing one main export like sugar, oil, etc).
Good Neighbor Policy
FDR's foreign policy of promoting better relations w/Latin America by using economic influence rater than military force in the region
nineteenth-century theories of race that characterize a period of feverish investigation into the origins, explanations, and classifications of race
in ancient Greece, an athletic competition held every four years in honor of Zeus
African American track star in the 1936 Berlin Olympics
Leni Reifenstahl/ The Triumph of the Will
Artistic style whose goal was to promote socialism by showing Soviet life in a positive light
a movement to celebrate African culture, heritage, and values
part of negritude movement, which rejected negative vies of Africa, wrote "Black Woman", later takes role in Senegals drive to independence and would serve as it's 1st president
1st black to earn Ph.D. from Harvard, encouraged blacks to resist systems of segregation and discrimination, helped create NAACP in 1910
*African American author who wrote about racial oppression
His novels included Uncle Tom's Children (1938), Native Son (1940), and Black Boy (1945)
*He joined the Communist Party for a brief time in the early 1930s
African American poet who described the rich culture of african American life using rhythms influenced by jazz music. He wrote of African American hope and defiance, as well as the culture of Harlem and also had a major impact on the Harlem Renaissance.
Mexican Muralist who created artworks in Mexico and the U.S. focusing on political messages.
Salvador Dali,Max Ernst, introduced a new view on art, that exploited ideas in a different way
a fundamental change in approach or underlying assumptions.
1935 laws defining the status of Jews and withdrawing citizenship from persons of non-German blood.
(Night of the Broken Glass) November 9, 1938, when mobs throughout Germany destroyed Jewish property and terrorized Jews.
The 6,000-mile (9,600-kilometer) flight of Chinese Communists from southeastern to northwestern China. The Communists, led by Mao Zedong, were pursued by the Chinese army under orders from Chiang Kai-shek.
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