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Election of 1848
Lewis Cass (Democrat who support popular sovereignty) vs. Zachary Taylor (Whig party); Taylor won
a secret route from "station to station" that led many slaves to the North and eventually to Canada
most well-known "conductor" of the "railroad;" snuck back into the South 19 times and led some 300+ slaves to freedom
John C. Calhoun
argued for the South and for states' rights; wanted slavery to be left alone, the runaway slaves to be returned to the South, and state balance kept intact
Seventh of March
In this speech, Webster urged the North to compromise on the issue of California slavery
William H. Seward
Chief among the Young Guard; staunchly against slavery
Said Americans must follow "higher law"
Compromise of 1850
• California admitted as a free state
• Texas gave up its claims to lands disputed with New Mexico
• Slave trade in D.C. was banned, but slavery was legal
• Popular sovereignty in Mexican Cession lands
• Texas was paid $10 million for land lost
• A new, tougher Fugitive Slave Law of 1850
Democratic candidate in the election of 1852; was not a great leader, but had no enemies
Treaty that erased U.S. and British tensions and said neither the U.S. or Britain would take over the area without the other's agreement
said the U.S. would offer $120 million for Cuba, and if Spain rejected it, the U.S. would be justified in taking Cuba by force
proposed to organize Kansas and Nebraska and move the transcontinental railroad up north
In politics, the right of a people to assert its own national identity or form of government without outside influence
Concerning groups that claim to punish crime and maintain order without legal authority to do so
The precise surface features and details of a place - for example, rivers, bridges, hills - inrelation to one another
Concerning the activities of spies or undercover agents, especially involving elaborate deceptions
A proclamation or document aggressively asserting a controversial position or advocating a daring course of action
Stephen A. Douglas
Illinois politician who helped smooth over sectional conflict in 1850 but then reignited it in 1854
Weak Democratic president hose pro-soutthern cabinet pushed aggresive expansionist schemes
Hotheaded southern agitators who pushed for southern interests and favored secession from the Union
The boundary line between slave and free states in the East, originally the southern border of Pennsylvania
An agreement between Britain and America concerning any future Central American canal
A top-secret dispatch, drawn up by American diplomats in Europe, that detailed a plan for seizing Cuba from Spain
The conflict over slavery after the election of 1852 led shortly to the death of this party
Utah and New Mexico
Under the terms of the Compromise of 1850, the states that slavery was left up to popular sovereignty
Henry Clay and Daniel Webster
The two notable advocates of compromise in the controversy over slavery in 1850
During the debate over the Compromise of 1850, northern antislavery forces were particularly outraged by what they considered the "betrayal" of this senator
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