English Short Story Terminology

STUDY
PLAY
Static Character
Stays the same throughout the story.
Flat Character
Not much depth; do not learn a lot about the character.
Dynamic Character
Makes a character change; transforms.
Round Character
A lot learned; depth; important and portrayed in depth.
Direct Characterization
Narrator tells reader about a character.
Indirect Characterization
Learning about a character through their words and actions, through the words and actions of another character, or the setting.
Climax
Most exciting and tense point of the story; the point of no return.
Cliffhanger
A story that ends at the climax; no resolution is provided.
Complication
A piece of the plot that makes it interesting; adds conflict to make it more difficult.
Conflict
A problem in the story.
External Conflict
Outside the character.
Internal Conflict
Inside the character.
Exposition
Explains and sets up the story; background information; introduces characters, setting, etc.
Falling Action
Starting to wrap up the action of the story; tumbling into place.
Simile
A comparison using "like" or "as".
Metaphor
Comparison of two things without "like" or "as".
Foreshadowing
A hint to future events.
Irony
Something about the situation does not fit.
Dramatic Irony
The audience knows something that the characters do not.
Verbal Irony
Sarcasm; using words with two meanings.
First Person
"I" narrator tells the story; only see one characters POV.
Third Person
"He," "she," :they"; not inside the story, unless told as a flashback.
Limited Omniscient
Knows the thoughts and feelings of one or a few characters.
Omniscient
All seeing; all knowing.
Narrator
The person who tells the story.
Plot
What happens in the story; makes a complete story.
Resolution/Conclusion
Story comes to a close; conflict is resolved.
Rising Action
Action in building; gaining details.
Setting
When, where, weather, situation; time and place.
Suspense
Creating a sensation that something is about to happen.
Symbol
Object that stands for and represents something else.
Theme
What the author wants you to take away from the story.
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