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Arts and Humanities
History of the Americas
DE U.S. History 101 Final Exam
Terms in this set (75)
Proposal to create a strong national government
1st President of the United States; commander-in-chief of the Continental Army during the American Revolution (1732-1799)
An 1807 law that imposed a total ban on foreign trade
Bill of Rights
The first ten amendments to the Constitution
Father of the Constitution
Leader of a slave rebellion in 1831 in Virginia. Revolt led to the deaths of 20 whites and 40 blacks and led to the "gag rule' outlawing any discussion of slavery in the House of Representatives
William Lloyd Garrison
United States abolitionist who published an anti-slavery journal (1805-1879)
a system of secret routes used by escaping slaves to reach freedom in the North or in Canada
election of 1800
Jefferson and Burr each received 73 votes in the Electoral College, so the House of Representatives had to decide the outcome. The House chose Jefferson as President and Burr as Vice President.
First chief justice of the Supreme Court
Treaty signed in 1794 between the U.S. And Britain in which Britain sought to improve trade relations and agreed to withdraw from forts in the northwest territory
Report on Public Credit
proposed by Hamilton to repair war debts; selling of securities and federal lands, assumption of state debts, set up the first National Bank
Bank of the United States
the country's first national bank
Wrote the Declaration of Independence
Written by Hamilton, Jay, & Madison to support ratification of the U.S. Constituiton
An early political party headed by Thomas Jefferson; stood for less centralized government
Taxes on imported goods
native american woman who served as a guide an interpreter for the lewis and clark expedition
1794 protest against the government's tax on whiskey by backcountry farmers
an agreement in 1820 between pro-slavery and anti-slavery factions in the United States concerning the extension of slavery into new territories
John C. Calhoun
South Carolina Senator - advocate for state's rights, limited government, and nullification
Martin Van Buren
(1837-1841) Advocated lower tariffs and free trade, and by doing so maintained support of the south for the Democratic party. He succeeded in setting up a system of bonds for the national debt.
(1849-1850), Whig president who was a Southern slave holder, and war hero (Mexican-American War). Won the 1848 election. Surprisingly did not address the issue of slavery at all on his platform. He died during his term and his Vice President was Millard Fillmore.
Political party of the 1850s that was anti-Catholic and anti-immigrant
agreement providing a dual system of congressional representation
African-American scientist who taught himself calculus and trigonometry. He also helped design the capitol in Washington D.C.
A moderate, who introduced the Kansas-Nebraska Act in 1854 and popularized the idea of popular sovereignty.
X, Y, Z Affair
scandal centered around French demands for a loan and bribe for the privilege of speaking to the French foreign minister
Invented the cotton gin
Lowell and Slater Mills
Textile mills in the north.
United States abolitionist and feminist who was freed from slavery and became a leading advocate of the abolition of slavery and for the rights of women (1797-1883)
1789-1795; First Secretary of the Treasury. He advocated creation of a national bank, assumption of state debts by the federal government, and a tariff system to pay off the national debt.
Susan B. Anthony
social reformer who campaigned for womens rights, the temperance, and was an abolitionist, helped form the National Woman Suffrage Assosiation
former slave traveled the country speaking out against slavery, newspaper called North Star
Marbury v. Madison
This case establishes the Supreme Court's power of Judicial Review
American jurist and politician who served as the chief justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1801-1835) and helped establish the practice of judicial review.
Land purchased from France doubling the size of the U.S.
Corps of Discovery
Official name of the Lewis and Clark Expedition members
an artificial waterway connecting the Hudson river at Albany with Lake Erie at Buffalo
Jefferson's Vice President; killed Alexander Hamilton in a duel
Panic of 1837
A financial crisis in the United States that led to an economic depression
Economic program advanced by Henry Clay that included support for a national bank, high tariffs, and internal improvements; emphasized strong role for federal government in the economy.
Planned a slave revolt in Virginia in 1800 that failed before it could get underway; Persecuted and executed
William Henry Harrison
A northern American politician. He developed the American System as well as negotiated numerous compromises.
allowed slaves to be counted as 3/5ths of a person towards representation and taxation
Treaty of Ghent
Ended the War of 1812
Francis Scott Key
A washington lawyer who watched the all-night battle at Fort McHenry and showed his pride by writing what became the national anthem
Articles of Confederation
A weak constitution that governed America during the Revolutionary War.
Battle of Tippecanoe
1811 Tecumseh and the Prophet attack, but General Harrison crushes them in this battle ends Tecumseh's attempt to unite all tribes in Mississippi.
A Shawnee chief who tried to unite Native American tribes
Invented the mechanical reaper
A series of attacks on courthouses by a small band of farmers led by Revolutionary War Captain Daniel Shays to block foreclosure proceedings.
Agreement in which Spain gave up all of Florida to the United States
Federalists agreed to oppose the war and send delegates to meet with Congress
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
A prominent advocate of women's rights, Stanton organized the 1848 Seneca Falls Convention with Lucretia Mott
McCulloch v. Maryland
Maryland was trying to tax the national bank and Supreme Court ruled that federal law was stronger than the state law
Battle of New Orleans
A battle during the War of 1812 where the British army attempted to take New Orleans. Due to the foolish frontal attack, Jackson defeated them, which gave him an enormous popularity boost.
Gibbons vs. Ogden
supreme court decision that ruled that the constitution gave control of interstate commerce to the U.S. Congress, not the individual states through which a route passed.
an American foreign policy opposing interference in the Western hemisphere from outside powers
Trail of Tears
the forced removal of Cherokees and their transportation to Oklahoma
United States abolitionist born a slave on a plantation in Maryland and became a famous conductor on the Underground Railroad leading other slaves to freedom in the North (1820-1913)
16th President of the United States
John Quincy Adams
A sectional crisis during the presidency of Andrew Jackson created by the Ordinance of Nullification, an attempt by the state of South Carolina to nullify a federal law - the tariff of 1828 - passed by the United States Congress.
James K. Polk
president in March 1845. wanted to settle oregon boundary dispute with britain. wanted to aquire California. wanted to incorperate Texas into union.
Political party formed in 1834 to oppose policies of Andrew Jackson
(1846-1848) The war between the United States and Mexico in which the United States acquired one half of the Mexican territory.
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