21 terms

Chapter 7 World HIstory

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Constantine
emperor of Rome from A.D. 312 to 337; encouraged the spread of Christianity
mercenary
a soldier who serves for pay in a foreign army
inflation
an economic situation in which there is more money with less value
Jesus
founder of Christianity; believed by Christians to be the Messiah
Messiah
a savior in Judaism and Christianity
disciple
a follower of a person or belief
Epistle
a letter; in the Christian Bible, any of the letters written by disciples to Christian groups
Martyr
a person who dies for a particular cause
villa
a large country estate; an important source of food for ancient Rome
circus
an arena in ancient Rome; also the show held there
gladiator
a person in ancient Rome who fought in an arena for the entertainment of the public; usually a slave
Pax Romana
the period of stability and prosperity in the Roman Empire, lasting from 27 B.C. to A.D. 180; "Roman peace"
province
a unit of an empire or a country; area of the Roman Empire ruled by a governor, who was supported by an army
Colosseum
a large amphitheater built in Rome around ad 70; site of the contest and combats between people and animals
Aqueduct
A structure that carries water over long distances
Consul
one of two officials who led the government in the ancient Roman republic
Patrician
a member of an upper-class family in the Roman Republic
plebeian
an ordinary citizen in the Roman Republic
Veto
the rejection of any planned action or rule by a person in power
Dictator
a ruler who has total control of the government
Republic
a government in which citizens who have the right to vote select their leaders