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Arts and Humanities
Terms in this set (54)
The Minoan script called Linear A, written on clay tablets,
appears to have been used for trade and accounting
While the mythical version of the Trojan War attributes the conflict to competition over a woman, scholars believe that the war was caused by
economic competition and increasing violence throughout the Mediterranean
Greek ideals of heroism led to some ambiguous results, one of which was
their disregard for other cultures
The consultation of the Delphic oracle by King Croesus of Lydia
showed the fickle nature of the Greek gods
The cult of Dionysus appealed to women because
it allowed women to escape domestic confinement
Thales of Miletus applied his knowledge of astronomy and geometry to
predict a solar eclipse
Advances in trade around 700 B.C.E. led to what advance in warfare?
Benefit clubs in some Greek societies
loaned money to slaves so that they could buy their own freedom
The archons, elected by the Ecclesia to run the city of Athens,
served for a single year before entering the Areopagus
Solon tried to weaken the power of the Areopagus by
creating a council that set the agenda for the Ecclesia
The number of citizens who could participate in the assembly was limited by
the size of the auditorium
In Spartan society, physically deficient infants were
The first athletic contests among Hellenes consisted of
a foot race
When Xerxes, Darius I's successor, invaded the Greek mainland,
some northern city-states surrendered immediately to the Persians.
The key to Greek defense lay in
controlling the Aegean sea
In what way does the Parthenon reveal Greek beliefs about the relationship between gods and humans?
Statues of both gods and Athenians resemble one another, showing the common features of humans and divine figures.
The fighting between Sparta and Athens was complicated by
the Spartans' strength on land versus the Athenians' strength at sea
Socrates was brought to trial for
impiety and corrupting the young.
In Plato's Republic, society would be governed by
Greek comedy often focused on
the body, sex, and base inclinations
The Peloponnesian War resulted in
increased competition among the city-states
The geography of the Greek peninsula directly influenced the culture of the ancient Greeks. Which of the following statements accurately describes the region?
The Greek peninsula is surrounded by the Aegean Sea, the Ionian Sea, the Mediterranean Sea and Macedonia.
Which of the following statements correctly reflects the system of Ancient Greek religious beliefs?
Greeks believed that the will of the gods could be known
When the reforms of the Athenian Solon failed to create a secure form of government, Cleisthenes created a constitution (508 B.C.E.), which established an unprecedented degree of direct democracy. Which of the following statements about the constitution of Cleisthenes is not true?
The Council of 500 was dominated by the wealthiest citizens
Minoan palaces resembled the pyramids and ziggurats of ancient Egypt and Sumeria.
The task of translating Linear B was facilitated by its similarity to an early form of the Greek spoken language.
When the Greeks regained the skill of writing after about 800 B.C.E., it was used not only for commercial purposes, but also for writing poetry.
The Greek gods surpassed humans in their omnipotence and their transcendent perfection.
Eupalinus, an engineer in the sixth century B.C.E., constructed an enormous tunnel through a mountain that supplied a city on the island of Samos with fresh water.
The rational inquiries of some early Greek thinkers were sometimes met with suspicion and accusation of impiety by more religious Greeks.
Between 650 and 550 B.C.E., tyrants legitimized their authority through hereditary connections.
Men and women shared tasks equally in the Greek household.
Olives, and the oil pressed from them, were an important source of the economic prosperity of some city-states.
Prostitutes enjoyed some legitimacy in Greek social and political life.
Around 600 B.C.E., Athenian economic prosperity led to democratic political reforms.
Cleisthenes' constitution, adopted in 508 B.C.E., allowed for more direct democratic participation in Athens.
The Spartans created a militaristic state in part to keep control of the helot population.
When the Persians first invaded the Greek peninsula in 490 B.C.E., the Spartans came to the aid of their Athenian neighbors immediately.
Herodotus relied on myths and the Greek heroic tradition to construct his history of the Persian wars.
The Athenians seized control of the Delian League, but allowed the member city-states to control the treasury of the league.
Pericles encouraged more democracy in Athenian politics by introducing payment for participation as a juror or in the Council of 500.
The architects who created the Parthenon used optical illusion to create a vision of perfect proportion.
In Sophocles' most famous series, The Theban Plays, the main character Oedipus avoids fulfilling the prophecy that he will kill his father and marry his mother.
Alcibiades was accused of impiety when he allegedly destroyed a statue of Hermes and mocked religious rituals.
Sparta, along with the other allies in the Peloponnesian League, challenged Athenian power beginning in 431 B.C.E.
When the people of Melos sought neutrality, the Athenians respected their wishes and protected them from enslavement by the Spartans.
Socrates challenged the moral relativism of the Sophists and tried to explore the nature of right action.
Socrates left no writings of his own; we know of his ideas from the writings of his student Plato.
Playwrights used tragedy to criticize Greek society, but comedy never challenged the ideas or political problems of the time.
Hippocrates reinforced the idea that supernatural forces were at the root of all illnesses.
The wars among the poleis, sometimes fomented by the Persians, led to a decrease in democratic forms of government.
In Ancient Greece, the word for a city-state and its surrounding countryside is "polis."
The Greeks tended to view foreigners as "barbarians" and "enemies."
Herodotus chronicled the events of the Peloponnesian War.
The city 210 km. northeast of Damascus, located on the outskirts of Tadmor
what do hindus believe about reincarnation
What was the role of the Roman Catholic church in Western Europe during the Middle Ages?
Life of Caligula: What is one of the primary controversies about Caligula's life that Suetonius discusses early on?
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