CALL UNIT 1 (BASED ON STANFORD UNIVERSITY'S INVITATION TO CALL)
Terms in this set (46)
Computer Assisted Language Learning
Computer Aided Instruction
Computer Assisted Learning
Mobile Assisted Language Learning.
MALL (ANOTHER ACRONYM)
Multimedia Assisted Language Learning
Technology Assisted Language Learning.
Computer Assisted Language Instruction
Digital Language Learning
Computer Enhanced Language Learning
Technology Enhanced Language Learning
Information and Communications Technology
Computer-Based Language Training
Network-Based Language Teaching
The term CAI was changed to CALL.
He is known as the "Father of Computers."
He first used the term computer in 1613. But he used it to refer to a human being who is quick at calculations.
Levy's concept of the roles of the computer
The two roles are as tutor and as tool.
The Role as a Tutor
Examples are seen in online grammar, vocabulary, and pronunciation exercises.
The Role as a Tool
This is when users or learners make use of software like Word or Power Point.
The Beginning of CALL
According to Michael Levy, CALL started with the PLATO project in the 1960s.
The PLATO Project
It was conducted at the University of Illinois in the 1960s.
He designed the PLATO project. He is also called the father of PLATO.
Materials Used in the PLATO Project
Drill and practice materials were used in the PLATO project.
What type of computers were used in the PLATO project?
Mainframe computers were used in the PLATO project.
Introduction of the Micro Computer
It was in the early 1980s.
It was the old term used for a desktop computer.
Three Famous Micro Computers in the early 1980s.
IBM, Apple II, and BBC Computers
Unique Quality of Apple II
It had an in-built sound system, and was definitely more expensive than other micro computers.
Micro Computers and Teachers
Teachers created programs (courses or learning materials) on these micro computers.
Change in Labs after the Arrival of Micro Computers
Traditional labs (those containing tape recorders) were replaced by computer labs.
Trends in Apple Computers in the Late 1980s
Apple Macintosh replaced Apple II.
Popularity of Apple Macintosh
It had an application software called HyperCard.
The Introduction of Windows OS (Operating System)
More teachers started using Windows. As a result, more user-friendly learning materials were available for teachers and students.
Assignments on Micro Computers
Teachers gave assignments to students in chat-enriched environments (like the modern day Skype, Google Chat, Whatsapp, Facebook).
Projects on Micro Computers
Teachers encouraged students to take up HyperCard projects.
Micro Computers and Students
Students' motivational levels increased. Even shy students became more involved in learning using the computer.
Computers in Writing Classes
Word processors (Word Star, MS Word) became part of writing classes.
CALL and Teachers in the 1980s and 90s
Teachers tried a number of innovative strategies (techniques) of teaching (and also learning) using the computer.
Major changes in the History of CALL in the Mid 1990s
1. There was an increase in commercial multimedia (CDs) for language learning.
2. The World Wide Web (WWW) rapidly developed.
Trends in the 21st Century in CALL
There has been a growth in language learning activities, social media, and mobile devices.
Web 2.0 became popular.
Gamification became popular.
Online video databases like YouTube became popular.
It refers to the second stage of development of the Internet. With Web 2.0, dynamic pages began to be used. (Dynamic pages are those that change according to the user, time of day, location, etc.)
It refers to the use of video or multimedia games for language activities.
TESOL Technology Standards
They were created in 2008 by the TESOL International Association.
• As Researchers
• As Consumers
• As Directors
• As Managers of CMC
• As Software or Web Developers
• As Coaches
• As CALL Experts
• As CALL Professionals