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20 terms

Reynolds Chapter 1 Vocabulary

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classify
To put something into a group
kingdom
The highest level of classification of living things. There are six kingdoms of living things - archaebacteria, eubacteria, protists, fungi, plants, and animals
phylum
The level of classification of living things below kingdom
class
The level of classification below phylum
species
The lowest level of classification
vertebrates
Animals with a backbone
mammals
Animals that breathe air through their lungs, make milk for their young, warm-blooded, have hair or fur, young are born looking very much like their parents
invertebrates
Animals without a backbone
arthropods
Insects, lobsters, and spiders. The largest phylum of animals. have jointed feet, bodies divided into several parts, have gills or lungs
dichotomous key
Used to identify an unknown organism. Answer a series of questions, and follow the arrow with the correct answer to each question. This helps to identify an unknown organism
conifers
A vascular plant that reproduces using cones and seeds - pines, firs, and spruce
fungi
An organism that is not classified as a plant or animal - mushrooms, yeast - not plants because they are not able to make their own sugar for food
Protists
An organism that is not classified as a plant or animal - single celled - algae - live in colonies, sometimes help with digestion in certain animals
Eubacteria
An organism that is not classified as a plant or animal - single-celled, different shaped (spheres, rods, spirals)
Archabacteria
An organism that is not classified as a plant or animal - single-celled, can survive environments that are deadly to most other kinds of life, live well in hot springs, very salty water
fossils
Remains or mark of a living thing from long ago, found in sedimentary rock
Taxonomist
Scientists who identify and classify organisms - allowed to name a new species if one is discovered
plant
An organism that uses water, carbon dioxide, and energy from sunlight to make sugar for food
animal
An organism that relies on plants or other animals for food, can move on its own
characteristic
Typical, distinctive qualities of a living thing or object