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Arts and Humanities
Rick John Test 1
Terms in this set (98)
What is?" The study of BEING
Two orders of being:
5 orders of being
3.humans (whom have dimensions)
: A word or reason about God. Study of God and all things related to Him in a goal of completeness of understanding
the study of man (mankind). What is man that thou art mindful of him? Man is a tension filled unity capable of infinite (multiple?) possibilities both divine and demonic
: (Person of Christ) Who do men say that I the Son of Man am? Jesus is the God-man
: he doctrine of last things. Words about the end. Where will it all end? It will end in him with whom it all began.
Biblical teachings about eschatology would indicate that ultimately his presence is unmediated (immediate).,
Beliefs about the end of the world and of humanity.
"How do I know what is?"
, A branch of philosophy that investigates the origins, nature, method and limitations of human knowledge
Find clues and details and come up with a general explanation that explains all of them. The Law of Cause and Effective
Start with give-ins and see what you can come up with after that.
Premises to Conclusions
Betsy eats grass so she is a cow. But what id she's not a cow.
: the Doctrine of the Holy Spirit. How is the work of God made real in every age? By the power of the Holy Spirit,
Study of the Holy Spirit
The Comforter (Paraclete) will convict the world of sin, righteousness, and judgment.
, Area of philosophy that deals with nature of values. It includes questions such as "what is good?" and "what is value?"
: the doctrine of the church. The study of the faith, order, and mission of the church,
Study of the Church
Doctrine of Salvation
Creation. (Cosmology and Providence)
Man has an innate capability in his mind to discover God
A trait of God which refers to his intimate union with and total presence to His creation, whereby he upholds and sustains all creation in their being.
a trait of God that refers to God's total otherness and being infinitely beyond and independent of creation
God Most High
God of Ages or God of Eternity (Eternal God
vaticinia ex eventu
A Latin phrase meaning prophecy from the results or prophecy after the event; it is used in reference to prophecy that has been composed after the events it predicts.
Christus est rex et dominus scripturae
There are levels of relevance in scripture, but not levels of inspiration.
semper ubique et ab omnibus creditor
The church taught what was believed always, everywhere, and by all
internum testimonium sancti spiritu
Calvin gave this view. God does grant the sincere interpreter some understanding of the essence of the message.
unveiling, an uncovering, and metaphorically, a revelation
holy or set aprat
"of his own kind"; unique, an entity unto itself; in a class by itself
: Raw, naked power, the power of nature. Emphasizing only force leads to Deism.
Describes a mighty work, the power of the unusual
"Analogy of being"; the process of gaining knowledge about God through rational thought or the observation of the natural world
God's creation gives him glory when it recognizes who he is. The reason he wants creation to know who he is is that it might realize that he is securing its goodness and fulfilling its best self.
"glory""weight"; emphasizes YHWH's relationship with the temple; Ezekiel describes glory of YHWH because he needs to accredit himself as a prophet and needs to explain how to worship in exile without the presence of the temple
What is in it for me
What is in it for me and what will be helpful to the other also.
Speaks of indiscriminating love which flows outward regardless of the worth of the object
List the five orders of creation as defined by the Christian community
Human Beings (bio-chemical - body; psycho-social - feeling, motivation, attitudes; ultimate - spiritual)
Animals (Animals lack the ultimate dimension. God will redeem the whole creation.)
Stuff, matter (Matter lacks the ultimate dimension or psycho-social dimension)
What five activities are important?
5. Relating - Most significant for Hebraic thinking.
What are the three basic approaches to knowledge (epistemology)?
Inductive Approach (Uses experience and experiment. Cause and effect. Pragmatic method of inductive reasoning)
Deductive Approach (Uses formal logic on all problems - Aristotle and Socrates)
Intuitive Knowledge (All three way of knowledge)
What is the fourfold authority of the Christian faith?
The triune God
as revealed in scripture
as conveyed in a heritage and
made "real" in Christian Experience.
What are the presuppositions of the course?
Man can apprehend what God speaks.
What God has revealed of himself is true to what he is, but because of the disparity between Creator and created, God has not revealed all of himself to mankind.
As the world is now, it was not originally intended to be nor will it ultimately be.
What are the four sources of Christian theology?
Scripture (First and primary source of authority)
Christian Community (Corporate and Individual)
Experience (We must draw on experience to explain or ideas to the lost such as sin)
History and Culture (Sources for breaking open the meaning of Christian theology)
What are the four methods of doing theology
What is the revelatory triad?
De Principiis (On First Principles)
Augustine of Hippo
Summa Theologica or Summa Theologiae
Loci Communes (Common Points
Institutes of the Christian Religion
F. D. E. Schleiermacher
The Christian Faith (Der christliche Glaube or Glaubenslehre
Adolf von Harnack
History of Dogma
A. H. Strong
E. Y. Mullins
The Christian Religion in Its Doctrinal Expression
Walter Thomas Conner
Revelation and God
The Gospel of Redemption
James Leo Garrett
1. Illustrate how the Bible gives emphasis to the role of the mind in relation to theological convictions.
a. Jesus commands us to love the Lord with all our whole body and mind and spirit.
b. Paul admonishes to "take captive every thought to make it obedient to Christ."
3. Identify the three major divisions of theology
a. Biblical theology is the study of the doctrine espoused by the individual books or authors of Scripture.
b. Historical theology describes the development of doctrine in the church, whereas systematic theology delineates an understanding of the faith in the contemporary situation.
c. Practical theology applies doctrine to contemporary church life.
4. With reference to the categories of theology, define the following: anthropology, Christology, pneumatology, ecclesiology, and eschatology.
a. Anthropology-humankind and the created universe.
b. Christology-Jesus and the salvation he brought
c. Pneumatolgy-the Holy Spirit
d. Ecclesiology-the church
e. Eschatology-the consummation or completion of God's program for
5. According to Grenz, in what three ways does theology assist the Church?
a. Theological reflection helps us sift through the many belief systems that vie for attention.
b. Theology serves the crucial task of instructing believers in Christian doctrine.
c. Theology brings together in summary form what the Bible teaches about God and his purposes.
6. According to Grenz, what practical impact does theological reflection have in the Christian life?
a. Theology is practical because of its link to our encounter with God in Christ (conversion).
b. Theology provides direction for Christian living.
7. Briefly discuss two ways in which faith and theological reflection are related
a. Faith includes our intellect, our will and our emotions.
9. What provides the central focus around which Grenz will order his theological reflection in his book? Why?
i. When we realize that we are created for community, we are in a position to connect Christian belief with Christian living.
1. Be prepared to identify the basic features of the ontological argument for the existence of God and identify its chief representatives.
a. They demonstrate God's existence by considering the idea of God itself.
b. Anselm: God is "that than which no greater can be conceived."
c. God cannot merely exist just in our mind, but must exist in our world as well.
2. Be prepared to identify the basic features of the cosmological and teleological arguments for the existence of God and identify their chief representatives.
a. They demonstrate God's existence by drawing on evidence provided by sense experience.
i. God must exist as the explanation for certain aspects of the universe which we readily observe.
b. Cosmological proofs suggest that God must exist as the ultimate cause of the universe itself.
i. Aquinas' five ways show that the universe is made up of contingent things; therefore, we must have a non-contingent cause. God is that non-contingent cause.
c. Teleological proofs seek to show that God is the cause of specific characteristics we observe in the natural world.
i. Paley compared the intricate design of the universe to a watchmaker. As the watch declares the existence of its designer, so the universe declares the existence of God.
3. Be prepared to identify the basic features of the moral argument for the existence of God and identify its chief representatives
a. Kant says that all humans live out of a moral sense of duty.
i. God must exist if the experience of moral obligation is to have any meaning.
b. Hastings Rashdall says that ideals exists only in the mind. However, there are certain absolute ideals that must exist but only in the mind of an absolute being.
c. C. S. Lewis says all human cultures reflect a universal code of morality that is portrayed from some "something" behind the scenes. God is that something.
4. How does Grenz assess the value of the various arguments for the existence of God
a. We can seek to demonstrate that faith is intellectually credible, but we cannot argue anyone into the kingdom
5. Illustrate ways in which the biblical materials reflect engagement with the issue of religious pluralism. How does Grenz say believers should confront this issue?
a. The ancient belief was that the strongest god would be the one who could perform the mightiest acts.
b. Through Jesus Christ we know that there is only one God, who is God over all.
c. Our response must be a living demonstration where we live out our faith commitment.
6. What is the significance of acknowledging the biblical affirmation of the incomprehensible nature of God? How does this differ from agnosticism
a. Affirming God is incomprehensible means that no human can fully comprehend God and shows that our knowledge of God is limited.
b. We still claim to know God as he actually is.
7. What three inferences does Grenz draw from the biblical emphasis on the self-revealing God?
a. We can never make God the object of our human scrutiny.
b. There is a great difference between knowing God and possessing knowledge about God.
c. When we know God, we are the known object, not the knowing subject
8. What, according to Grenz, is the goal of knowing God?
a. To demonstrate the biblical version of community in a lost world.
2. Relate love, the Holy Spirit, and the unity of the triune God
a. The active, self-giving love is the Holy Spirit, who is the Spirit of the relationship of the Father and the Son.
b. Through all eternity, God is the social trinity, the community of love.
3. How does Grenz relate love and wrath?
a. He compares the holy love of God to the love he shows his wife.
i. We experience God's wrath when his love encounters our sin
4. What implications does Grenz draw from Trinitarian faith for the way we are to live?
a. We must move out of isolation and into godly relationships with other people.
b. The doctrine of Trinity also reminds us that God is love.
i. That love ought to motivate us to seek to reflect God's loving concern for all creatures.
c. We must demonstrate God's stewardship to all human beings because he demands we act justly.
5. Give a brief description of God's transcendence and immanence and their significance.
a. Transcendance implies that God is self-sufficient in relationship to the world, is not fully immersed in creation and enters into relationship with the world freely.
b. Immanence implies that God is fully present and active within the universe.
c. The God who is both transcendent and immanent means that God is spirit, which implies that God is the source of life.
6. Briefly describe the three traits Grenz associates with speaking of God as a person.
a. God is incomprehensible because the God who enters into a relationship with us remains a mystery to us.
b. God is willful. He, just like us, has goals and a purpose for creation.
c. God is freedom. We have the freedom to act as we want because God is free in his relationship with the earth.
7. How does Grenz define and understand omnipresence, omniscience, and omnipotence? Relate these attributes of God to the character of faith.
a. Omnipresence means all things are present to God rather than the other way around.
i. We can be confident that our God knows what's best for us.
b. Omniscience refers to God's perfect and complete cognition of the world.
i. We can trust our God to do what's best for us.
c. Omnipotence acknowledges that God is able to bring to completion the divine design for creation.
i. We can entrust ourselves to him in every moment of life.
8. Distinguish between God's present and future sovereignty, God's de jure and de facto sovereignty.
a. We anticipate the glorious display of God's sovereignty when Jesus returns (future). God will be sovereign when he completes the divine program, we can also affirm that God is sovereign each step of the way.
b. De jure means in principle, while de facto means in fact.
9. How, according to Grenz, is creation a future act?
a. Creation can refer to God's completion of the divine work in bringing the universe to its destined goal
2. What is involved in the special standing that humans have before God as those made in God's imagea.
a. It entails being the recipients of God's special love.
b. It entails a special worth in God's sight.
c. It entails a special responsibility.
3. According to Grenz, what does it rightly mean for humans to have dominion over creation? What does it not mean?
a. It means we must properly give attention and care to the creation.
b. It does not mean that the creation exists only for our benefit so that we can exploit as we choose.
4. How does Grenz relate Christ, the image of God, and the future?
a. Conformity to Christ as the likeness of God is the glorious destiny that awaits us when Jesus returns.
5. In what ways, according to Grenz, does the Book of Genesis emphasize the community aspect of the image of God?
a. Genesis 1:26: God declared "Let us make man in our image."
b. Genesis 1:27: The Creator fashioned humankind in his own image by creating them male and female.
i. Humans in relationship with each other reflect the divine image in a way that the solitary individual human cannot.
6. What does the creaturely status of angelic beings imply for human relationships with them?
a. To worship them or to look to them for guidance is actually idolatry.
7. According to Grenz, what are the basic concerns of Satan and demons?
a. They seek to undermine God's work in the world.
8. Illustrate how "the structures" can both serve or betray the purposes of God
a. Moral law can orient toward God-honoring actions.
b. Demonic forces seek to turn Christians into bondage.
1. Identify and illustrate how, according to Grenz, sin is failure of community?
a. Because God desires that we reflect the divine community-because we were created for community-sin is a failure of community.
2. Relate doubt, divine prohibition, disobedience, and death as seen in the story of the Adam and Eve.
a. The serpent raised doubts about God's goodness, suggesting that through his prohibition God intended to withhold some good from them.
b. The presence of a choice was not itself the sin, but the choice of disobedience caused us to fall into sin.
c. God tells Adam that he would toil "until you return to the ground, since
3. Be prepared to identify the three different understandings of sin in relation to the three different understandings of our relationship to Adam's sin (Adam is our representative, etc.).
a. Federal Headship:
i. Adam is our representative and Adam chose for us.
b. Natural Headship:
i. Adam is our progenitor and we chose in Adam.
i. Each of us is Adam and Each chooses as Adam.
4. Be prepared to briefly discuss the four consequences, identified by Grenz, of sin (alienation, etc.).
a. We are alienated in our relationship with God and other humans.
b. We are condemned, meaning there is a sentence or judgement which hangs over us because of our sin.
c. We are enslaved, meaning we are in bondage to a hostile, alien force that has overwhelmed us.
d. We are depraved; we are unable or powerless to remedy our dire situation.
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