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105 terms

medical terminology simplified 11

medical terminology simplified 11
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blepharo
bw of eyelid
blepharospasm
involuntary contraction of eyelid muscles
choroid
bw of choroid
choroidopathy
noninflammatory degeneration of the choroid
corneo
bw of cornea
coro
bw of pupil
anisocoria
inequality of the size of the pupils
coreometer
instrument for measuring the pupil
dacryo
bw of tear; lacrimal apparatus
lacrimo
bw of tear; lacrimal apparatus
dacryorrhea
excessive secretion of tears
lacrimation
secretion and discharge of tears
diplo
bw of double
diplopia
two images of an object seen at the same time
iridoplegia
paralysis of the sphincter of the iris
irido
bw of the iris
kerato
bw of the horny tissue; hard; cornea
keratoplasty
replacement of a cloudy cornea with a transparent one, typically derived from an organ donor; corneal grafting
oculo
bw of eye
intraocular
within the eyeball
opthalmo
bw of eye
oculo
bw of eye
intraoculuar
within the eyeball
opthalmoscope
instrument used for examining the interior of the eye especially the retina
opto
bw of eye, optic
optic
pertaining to the eye or sight
retino
bw of retina
sclero
bw of the sclera or of hardening
scleritis
superficial and deep inflammation of the sclera
-opia
ew of vision
opsia
ew of vision
amblyopia
reduction or dimness of vision with no apparent pathological condition
heteropsia
inequality of vision in the two eyes; different vision
choroiopathy
disease of the choriod
keratorrhexis
rupture of the cornea
opthalmoplegia
paralysis of the eye muscle
blepharoedema
swelling and baggy appearance of the eyelids
blepharoplasty
surgical repair of the eyelids
erythropia
objects which are not red appear to be red
xanthopia
object which are not yellow appear to be yellow
diplopia
a condition of "double vision"
myopia
near sightedness
hyperopia
far sightedness
blepharospasm
twitching of the eye lid
blepharoptosis
vertical displacement of the eyelids, preferably after strokes
lacrimal gland location
above the outer corner of each eye
lacrimal gland
produce tears, which keeps the eyeballs moist
nasolacrimal duct
collects and drains tears into the lacrimal sac
dacryadenitis
inflammation of the tear gland
acouso
bw of hearing
audio
bw of hearing (a)
myringo
bw of tympanic membrane (eardrum)
tympano
bw of tympanic membrane (eardrum)
oto
bw of ear
salpingo
bw of tube(auditory)
acoustic
pertaining to sound or the sense of hearing
audiometer
an instrument for testing hearing
myringotomy
incision of the tympanic membrane
tympanoplasty
surgical repair of the tympanic membrane
otorrhea
inflammation of the ear with purulent discharge
salpingopharyngeal
concerning the eustachian tube and the pharynx
-acusis
ew of hearing
anacusis
total deafness
-tropia
ew of turning
hypertropia
an ocular deviation with one eye located higher than the other
external ear
auricle, ear canal, and tympanic membrane
otodynia
pain in the ear
ear bones
malleus, incus, and the stapes
salpingitis
inflammation of the eustachian tube
stapedectomy
removal of the stapes from the middle ear and an insertion of a prosthesis
achromatopsia
condition of color blindness that is more common in men
astigmatism
defective curvature of the cornea and lens, resulting in distorted vision
cataract
opacity of the lens as a result of protein deposits on its surface that slowly builds up until vision is lost
conjunctivitis
inflammation of the conjunctiva that can be caused by bacteria, allergy, irration-- pinkeye
diabetic retinopathy
retinal damage marked by aneurismal dilation of blood vessels
esotrpoia
strabismus in which there is deviation of the visual axis of one eye toward the other eye results in diplopia; cross eye
exotropia
strabismus in which there is deviation of the visual axis of one eye away from that of the other, results in diplopia; wall eye
glaucoma
increased intraocular pressure caused by the failure of aqeous humor to drain, which results in atrophy of the optic nerve and blindness
hordeolum
small purulent inflammatory infection of a sebaceous gland in the eyelid; sty
mascular degeneration
breakdown of the tissues in the mascula resulting loss of central vision
photophobia
unusual intolerance and sensitivity to light; occurs in meningitis, inflammation of the eyes, measles, and rubella
retinal detachment
separation of the retina from the choroid
strabismus
muscular eye disorder in which the eyes turn from the normal position so that they deviate in different directions
acoustic neuroma
benign tumor that develops from eighth cranial nerve and grows within the auditory canals
anucusis
total deafness; complete hearing loss
conductive hearing loss
hearing loss due to an impairment of sound cuz of obstruction of the ear canal or damage to eardrums
menier disease
rare disorder of unknown etiology within the labyrinth of the inner ear that can lead to a progressive loss of hearing
otisis media
middle ear infection, usually a result of bacterial
otosclerosis
progressive deafness due to ossification in the bony labyrinth of the inner ear
prebysuis
impairment of hearing resulting from the aging process
tinnitus
ringing in the ear
vertigo
sensation of moving around in space; feeling of spinning or dizziness
tonometry
measuring intraocular pressure by determining the resistance of the eyeball to indention by an applied force- detect glaucoma
visual acuity test
standard test of visual acuity in which a person reads letter 20 feet away
audiometry
test that measures hearing acuity of various sound frequencies
otoscopy
visual examination of the ear using an otoscope
Rinne test
hearing acuity test that is performed with a vibrating tuning fork placed on the mastoid process
cataract surgery
excision of cataracts by surgical removal of the lens
corneal transplant
surgical transplanation of a donor cornea
extracapsular surgery
excision of most of the lens, followed by insertion of an intraocular lens transplant
iridectomy
excision of a portion of the iris
phacoemulsification
excision of the lens by ultrasonic vibrations that break the lens into tiny particles
cochlear implant
electronic transmitter that is surgically implanted into the cochlea deaf individual
myringoplasty
surgical repair of a perforated eardrum with a tissue graft
myringotomy
incision of the eardrum to relieve pressure and release pus or serous fluid from the middle ear or to insert tympanostomy tubes surgically in the eardrum