AAMC FL3 - PS
Terms in this set (60)
degree of emotional instability or stability
experiencing psychological distress when observing someone in pain is an element of empathy
A splitting off of mental processes into two separate, simultaneous streams of awareness.
A highly accurate, verbatim recording of an event.
subjectively vivid, compelling memories of details associated with reception of news about emotionally arousing events
remembering to do things in the future
the ability to perfectly recall images, sounds, or objects without the use of memory aids, such as mnemonics; also called photographic memory
stores personally experienced episodes with tags for context and time
a network of associated facts and concepts that make up our general knowledge of the world
refers to external validity, which is the extent to which the results of a scientific investigation would generalize to other settings and populations
differential effect of emotional arousal on memory for central and peripheral details
causes a restriction of the focus of attention
The clear tissue that covers the front of the eye
white of the eye
Generalized anxiety disorder
an anxiety disorder in which a person is continually tense, apprehensive, and in a state of autonomic nervous system arousal
pounding heart, chest pain, shortness of breath, sweating, and feeling dizzy
illness anxiety disorder
a disorder in which a person interprets normal physical sensations as symptoms of a disease
somatic symptom disorder
condition marked by excessive anxiety about physical symptoms with a medical or purely psychological origin
the tendency for REM sleep to increase following REM sleep deprivation (created by repeated awakenings during REM sleep)
learning by observing others; also called social learning
Elaboration Likelihood Model (ELM)
a model of persuasion maintaining that there are two different routes to persuasion: the central route and the peripheral route
a belief that leads to its own fulfillment
Occupation, income and education
benefits provided by social network
anger and hostility
may lead to increased incidence of heart disease
controls pituitary gland, which initiates the stress response
Part of the brainstem that controls vital life-sustaining functions such as heartbeat, breathing, blood pressure, and digestion.
-controls autonomic functions and movement
involved in the control of breathing, communication between different parts of the brain, and sensations such as hearing, taste, and balance
Validity can be measured if
two independent measures of the same variable converge
dichotic listening task
presenting two different auditory messages, one to each ear
without continued reinforcement of an established operant behavior, the frequency of the behavior decreases
a model of health that integrates the effects of biological, behavioral, and social factors on health and illness
emphasizes the analysis of social systems and populations on a large scale, at the level of social structure, and often at a necessarily high level of theoretical abstraction
social construction of health
The very notion of health is socially constructed and variable across populations and across time.
a visual display of brain activity that detects where a radioactive form of glucose goes while the brain performs a given task
An amplified recording of the waves of electrical activity that sweep across the brain's surface. These waves are measured by electrodes placed on the scalp.
a technique that uses magnetic fields and radio waves to produce computer-generated images that distinguish among different types of soft tissue; allows us to see structures within the brain
a series of x-ray photographs taken from different angles and combined by computer into a composite representation of a slice through the body
when they are part of a cohesive in-group, will agree to the same behavior
learning that certain events occur together. The events may be two stimuli (as in classical conditioning) or a response and its consequences (as in operant conditioning).
responding after repeated exposure to a single stimulus, or event
tendency to seek out (and agree with) information that is consistent with one's self-concept
Big Five Traits (OCEAN)
openness, conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness, neuroticism
personality assessment taken for counseling, leadership training, and work-team development; not a research instrument
an approach that regards personality as formed by needs, strivings, and desires largely operating outside of awareness-motives that can also produce emotional disorders
A neurotransmitter that affects hunger, sleep, arousal, and mood.
An inhibitory neurotransmitter in the brain.
A neurotransmitter that enables learning and memory and also triggers muscle contraction
"morphine within"--natural, opiatelike neurotransmitters linked to pain control and to pleasure.
the care a person gives to organization and thoughtfulness of others; dependability
a theory of motivation that is concerned with the beneficial effects of intrinsic motivation and the harmful effects of extrinsic motivation
a person's behaviour is determined by how highly a goal is valued, and by the degree to which the person expects to succeed
the belief that behavior is motivated by drives that arise from biological needs that demand satisfaction
refers to how a person's identity becomes based on a role the person assumes, superseding other roles
a situation in which an adolescent does not seem to know or care what his or her identity is
conflict among the roles connected to two or more statuses
Fundamental attribution error
the tendency for observers, when analyzing another's behavior, to underestimate the impact of the situation and to overestimate the impact of personal disposition
the principle that one sense may influence another, as when the smell of food influences its taste
monocular depth cue in which we view objects that are closer to us as moving faster than objects that are further away from us
the sense of body movement and position, including the sense of balance
Trait that is more harmful than helpful.