18 terms

Gulf War Battles

Battle of Failaka
A battle between the Kuwaiti garrison on an island and attacking Iraqi forces during the Iraqi Invasion of Kuwait. The Kuwaiti garrison consisted of an infantry company and a company of border guards, in addition to air defense company armed with Hawk SAMs. Iraqi forces consisted of a special forces battalion transported by helicopters reinforced with a battalion of marines. Iraqi forces won and the population of the island was expelled to the mainland.

August 2, 1990
Battle of Dasman Palace
A battle between the Kuwaiti and Iraqi forces during the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait. Iraqi forces were victorious.

Aug 2, 1990
Battle of Ad-Dawrah
A naval engagement during the Gulf War. In the battle, Coalition forces captured an Iraqi offshore oil field forty miles from the Kuwaiti shore. The 29 POWs captured were the first POWs of the war. It was also the first surface engagement after the Coalition intervened in the war.

Jan 18-19, 1991
Battle of Qurah and Umm al Maradim
Several naval and land battles for control over the islands off the coast of Kuwait in the Persian Gulf. Coalition victory--first areas of Kuwait liberated. Coalition forces suffered minor damage to naval helicopters. Iraqi forces suffered 3+ killed, 51 captured, one minelayer sunk, one patrol boat sunk, two minesweepers sunk.

Jan 24-29, 1991
Attack on Ras Tanura
An attempted aerial bombing of the Ras Tanura oil production facility in Saudi Arabia during the Gulf War. Employing Mirage F1 fighters loaded with incendiary bombs, and two MiG-23s as fighter cover, Iraq intended to demonstrate to the coalition that it was capable of offensive air actions. Although the aircraft penetrated well into Saudi airspace due to skilled flying and luck, both bombers were shot down before they could reach their target by a Royal Saudi Air Force F-15C after their fighter cover fled. Offensive air operations by the Iraqi Air Force would cease nearly entirely six days later.

Jan 26, 1991
Battle of Khafji
First major ground engagement of the Persian Gulf War. It took place in and around a Saudi Arabian city and marked the culmination of the Coalition's air campaign over Kuwait and Iraq, which had begun on 17 January 1991. Coalition victory--they are able to recapture the city after a two-day Iraqi occupation. Coalition casualty and loss estimates were: 43 dead, 52 wounded, 2 captured; 9-12 armored vehicles, 1 AC-130 shot down. Iraqi casualties and losses are thought to be: 60-300 dead, 400 captured; 90 armored vehicles destroyed

Jan 29-Feb 1, 1991
Battle of Bubiyan
A naval engagement of the Gulf War, that occurred in the waters between Bubiyan Island and the Shatt al-Arab marshlands, where the bulk of the Iraqi Navy, while attempting to flee to Iran, much like the Iraqi Air Force, was engaged and destroyed by Coalition warships and helicopters. 21 of the 22 Iraqi naval vessels were destroyed. There were no losses to coalition forces.

Jan 29-Feb 2, 1991
Samurra Air Battle
An operation by the Iraqi Air Force during the Gulf War to decisively engage USAF F-15Cs utilizing MiG-25 jets, and break the "wall" of F-15s that the Coalition had established along Iraq's border with Iran. It demonstrated the last true offensive operation of the Iraqi Air Force before grounding their air assets in an attempt to preserve them for future use. Through careful planning and coordination, two MiG-25 jets successfully caught two American F-15 fighters off guard and engaged them in a dogfight. After several minutes of aerial maneuvering, and several fired missiles, the Iraqi jets returned to Tammuz Air Force Base undamaged, and the F-15s returned to Saudi Arabia, albeit with one damaged.

Jan 30, 1991
Battle of Wadi Al-Batin or Battle of Ruqi Pocket
This battle took place before the beginning of the Desert Storm operations. Iraqis thought that Coalition forces were prepping the Wadi Al-Batin for the main attack. The desired effect was that the Iraqis would think that the main coalition ground attack would come up the Wadi Al Batin, a natural invasion route, and they would therefore reinforce their forces there, at the expense of the Western flank, where VII Corps would conduct the main attack. Tactical Iraqi victory, but a coalition strategic victory. Coalition casualties were: 3 dead, 9 wounded; 1 M163 Vulcan Air Defense System vehicle destroyed, 1 Bradley destroyed, 1 Bradley damaged, 1 Abrams tank damaged. Iraqi losses were: Unknown killed and wounded, 7 captured, 5 tanks destroyed, 20 artillery pieces destroyed

Feb 15-20, 1991
Battle of Al Busayyah
A tank battle fought in the pre-dawn darkness during the Persian Gulf War, between armored forces of the United States Army and those of the Iraqi Army. It was at an Iraqui town at a critical crossroads defended by a battalion-sized Iraqi infantry unit reinforced by T-55 tanks, armored personnel carriers, and elements of an Iraqi commando battalion. A coalition victory with no casualties or losses. Iraqi casualties and losses were: 12 tanks destroyed,2 BRDMs destroyed, 1 BMP destroyed, 25 vehicles destroyed, 16 captured.

Feb 26, 1991
Battle of 73 Easting
Fought between United States armored forces of the VII Corps and those of the Iraqi Republican Guard and its Tawakalna Division in . The battle was later described in a documentary as "the last great tank battle of the 20th century." This battle took place several hours after another key tank battle known as the Battle of Al Busayyah.
This battle was a coalition victory that allowed coalition forces to penetrate into the depths of the Iraqi defenses and on into Kuwait. Coalition casualties and losses were: At least 6 killed,
at least 19 wounded, 1 Bradley from enemy fire. Iraqi casualties and losses were: 600-1,000 killed and wounded, 1,300+ prisoners, 160 tanks, 180 personnel carriers, 12 artillery pieces, 80 wheeled vehicles, and several anti-aircraft artillery systems.

Feb 26, 1991
Battle of Phase Line Bullet
One of the clashes which led to the destruction of the Tawakalna Iraqi Republican Guard Division by a simultaneous attack of the 1st and 3rd Armored Divisions, the 1st Infantry Division, and the 2nd Armored Cavalry Regiment. The battle was one of the rare examples of an American armored force being repulsed by a screen of Iraqi entrenched infantry, APCs, and Iraqi T-72 tanks during Desert Storm. The incident also involved American friendly fire casualties. Iraqi tactical victory. Coalition casualties: 4 Bradley IFVs destroyed and 10 damaged; 2 killed and 12 wounded. Iraqi losses were 6 T-72 tanks and 18 APCs destroyed or abandoned.

Feb 26, 1991
Highway of Death
American, Canadian, British and French aircraft and ground forces attacked retreating Iraqi military personnel attempting to leave Kuwait, resulting in the destruction of hundreds of vehicles and the deaths of many of their occupants. Between 1,400 and 2,000 vehicles were hit or abandoned on the main Highway 80 north of Al Jahra. The scenes of devastation on the road are some of the most recognizable images of the war.

Feb 26-27, 1991
Battle of Kuwait International Airport
It was a tank battle between the United States and Iraq. Despite being a very large battle it is often overlooked compared to the other battles which took place during the war. No less than elements of 18 divisions total participated in this battle. U.S. Army Special Forces units and multiple Iraqi Commando units were also in theatre. In reality the battle took place over a span of three days despite the primary battle lasting only one day. Much of the combat actually took place en route to the final engagement. The battle featured the "Reveille Engagement" which went on to become the biggest and fastest tank battle in United States Marine Corps' entire history. It resulted in a coalition victory, although coalition forces suffered 19 killed, 48 wounded; 1 M1A1 tank damaged, 10 M60A1 tanks destroyed/damaged. Iraqi forces suffered heavy casualties, thousands captured,
hundreds of Iraqi tanks and armored personnel carriers destroyed or captured.

Feb 27, 1991
Battle for Jalibah Airfield
A battle that took that took place when the U.S. 2nd Brigade, 24th Infantry Division successfully attacked and captured a heavily defended military airfield in Iraq, located 80 miles west of Basra. Coalition forces suffered 2 killed and 9 wounded
(1 wounded by hostile fire) and 3 M2 Bradley IFVs damaged. Iraqi casualties and losses were described as "heavy": 2,000 captured, killed, missing, or wounded; 80 anti-aircraft guns destroyed; around 31 - 40 tanks destroyed; 20 aircraft destroyed.

Feb 27, 1991
Battle of Medina Ridge
A tank battle fought during the Gulf War between the U.S. 1st Armored Division and the 2nd Brigade of the Iraqi Republican Guard Medina Luminous Division outside Basra, Iraq. The battle, which was waged over approximately two hours, was considered by some sources the largest tank battle of the war. U.S. victory but 2 killed, 33 wounded; 4 tanks destroyed/damaged, 2 Bradley IFVs, 1 ambulance, 1 HEMTT fueler, 2 Apache helicopters shot down, 4 Humvees destroyed, and
1 A-10 aircraft shot down. Iraqi forces suffered 839 soldiers captured, 186 tanks destroyed, 127 IFVs destroyed, 72 artillery pieces destroyed, 118 trucks destroyed, and 5 air defense systems destroyed.

Feb 27, 1991
Battle of Norfolk
A tank battle fought during the Persian Gulf War, between armored forces of the United States and United Kingdom, and those of the Ba'athist Iraqi Republican Guard in the Muthanna Province of southern Iraq. Coalition victory. Coaliton casualties and losses: American Sector: 21 killed, 67 wounded;
5 tanks destroyed, 4-5 IFVs destroyed; Objective Dorset: 15 killed, 27 wounded, 3 tanks damaged;
British Sector: 15 killed, 43 wounded; 2 British Warrior IFVs destroyed. Iraqi losses: 937 soldiers captured, 550 tanks destroyed, 480 other armored vehicles destroyed, 396 artillery pieces destroyed;
Objective Dorset: 300 tanks/IFVs destroyed,
2,500 Iraqi soldiers captured British Sector:
300 tanks destroyed/captured, IFVs heavy losses,
Heavy artillery losses, 7,000+ Iraqi soldiers captured

Feb 27, 1991
Battle of Rumaila
Controversial battle near an oil field in the Euphrates Valley of southern Iraq, when the U.S. Army forces, mostly the 24th Infantry Division under Major General Barry McCaffrey engaged and nearly annihilated a large column of withdrawing Iraqi Republican Guard armored forces during the immediate aftermath of the Gulf War. American losses were 1 wounded, 1 tank,
1 AFV. Iraqi losses were likely 700 or more killed,
3,000 captured; 247 tanks & armored vehicles, 400+ trucks, 33-43 artillery pieces, 8 BM-21 Grad multiple rocket launchers, and 4 helicopters.

Mar 2, 1991