Chapter 5 Early Republic MIDTERM REVIEW
Terms in this set (42)
The idea that governments should be based on the consent of the people
Articles of confederation
A document, adopted by the second continental congress in 1777 and finally approved by the states in 1781 that outlined the form of government of the new united states
An alliance permitting states or nations to act together open matters of mutual concern
Land ordinance of 1785
A law that established a plan for surveying and selling the federally owned lands west of the appalachian mountains
Northwest ordinance of 1787
A law that established a procedure for the admission of new states to the union
A government in which citizens rule through their elected representatives
An uprising of debt-ridden Massachusetts farmers protesting increased state taxes in 1787
A leader from Virginia who called a meeting along with Hamilton of state delegates to discuss issues of interstate trade
The constitutional conventions agreements to establish a tow-house national legislature with all states having equal representation in one house and each state having representation based on its population in the other house
The Constitutional Convention agreement to count three-fifths of a state's slave as population for purposes of representation and taxation
A political system in which a national government and constituent units such as state governments share power
The branch of government that makes laws
The branch of government that administers and enforces the laws
The branch of government that interprets the laws ad the constitution
Checks and balances
The provisions in the us constitution that prevent any branch of the us government from dominating the other two branches
Made the New Jersey Plan which proposed a single-based congress in which each state had an equal vote favored the small states
A group selected by the states to elect the president and the vice-president, in which each state's number of electors is equal to the number of its senators nd representatives in Congress
The official approval of the Consitution or of an amendment by the states
Supporters of the constitution and of a strong national government
An opponent of a strong central government (they wanted a strong state government)
A series of essays defending and explains the Constitution written by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison and John Jay
Bill of Rights
The first 10 amendments to the US constitution added in 1791 and consisting of a formal list of citizen's rights and freedoms
a tax on the production, sale, or consumption of goods produced within a country
The system maintains the separation of powers among the branches of the federal government is called?
Checks and balances
The Great Compromise was an agreement about:
Fair representation to both large and small states; Madison's Virginia Plan vs. Paterson's New Jersey Plan; Compromise= a two-house congress to satisfy both small and big states roger Sherman g
What group supported the idea of adding a Bill of Rights to the Constitution?
How many states were needed to ratify the Constitution?
At least nine states (two thirds)
What were the accomplishments of the Northwest Ordinance of 1787?
- congress provided a procedure for dividing the land into territories
- set requirements for the admission of new states
- the laws of the northwest ordinance established a blueprint for future growth of the nation
(The Confederation's greatest achievement)
New states would come from the northwest for example: ohio, indiana
Shays rebellion was a protest by farmers who faced what problems?
Massachusetts Farmers who were debt-ridden and protested increased state taxes; owed large debts to creditors
What proposal called for a two house legislature, with one house having equal representation for each state and the other having representation based on population?
The Great Compromise
The process for admitting new states to the Union were set down in what document?
The Northwest Ordinance of 1787
Shays rebellion contributed to the belief among many political leaders that what was needed?
A stronger national government because taxes were increased in Massachusetts which made him rebel so needed something bigger than just state government
The system of checks and balances is designed to prevent what happening?
One branch from dominating the others
The Anti-Federalist, in general, strongly supported what idea?
A strong state government, they were against the constitution and but once they agreed w it they insisted on a bill of rights
Why was the Bill of Rights added to the Constitution?
Bc the anitfederlists believed the constitution weakened the states the people needed a national bill of rights to guarantee personal freedom of speech, press and religion trial by jury and right to bear arms
What are the three main branches of government?
Judicial, executive, legislative
What is" the supreme law of the land"?
Can a president be elected if they received less votes than an opponent?
Yes; electoral college
What decides the number of representatives a state holds in the House?
Shays rebellion was a protest by farmers who faced problems from
Debt they owed to creditors
What is a tariff
Tax on imported goods
The federalists papers were written for the
Public the people = publius
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