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US History Mid-Term Review
Terms in this set (99)
With the availability of indentured servants on the decline in the 1600's, the number of ______________ rose in the colonies.
In colonial Virginia this man led frontier colonists against the Virgina Government?
Nathaniel Bacon: Rebellion for protection from Native Americans and anti-taxation
When Virginia came under the direct control of the king it became?
Royal Colony- formally a proprietary colony
An indentured servant or former indentured servant in the early Virginia colony would most likely be...
Field Laborer/ A white male who was looking to start a new life in the colonies
The headright system offered what to settlers in Virginia?
50 Acres of land for every person (body) brought over to the colonies. Promoted growth and development in the colonies
Tobacco turned to be a profitable enterprise for this struggling colonial town in Virginia.
Jamestown under the leadership of John Rolfe
In Jamestown relations with native American tribe worsened as more settlers came.
Powhatan (Chief and tribe)
Searching for gold was the goal of these original settlers.
Prospectors in Jamestown who found out there was no gold
The North American colonies needed to attract______ in order to prosper.
Settlers (men and women willing to work) Think about John Smith and "If you do not work you do not eat"
The route Africans took to the Americans in the Triangular Trade network?
Middle Passage from Africa to the East Indies/Colonies
What is the purpose of a cash crop?
Growing a crop to trade and make money (Tobacco, corn, cotton, indigo, wheat)
Who led the Stono Rebellion?
Slave Rebellion in colonies early VA led by Jemmy (Slave from Angola)
What type of movement was the Great Awakening? Who was their leader?
Religious movement lead by George Whitefield hoping to inspire more religious feelings in the colonies after the "Halfway Covenant: second generation born in the colonies and less religious than those who fled persecution" had taken hold in places like Plymouth
Which movement that emphasized reason was Benjamin Franklin a major leader in?
Enlightenment- growth of education and reason that inspired the Declaration of Independence and revolutions against monarchies around the world
This English policy gave colonials a desire for self-government.
Salutary (Beneficial) Neglect
Restricting colonial trade was the purpose of this British Law.
Navigation Acts- all trade must go through and be controlled by England
When a country has a favorable balance of trade the value of exports is greater than the value of imports, this policy is known as...
Pennsylvania was founded on what what principles?
friendship and equality
Describe the events and outcome of the Pequot War.
New England colonies fought and defeated the Pequot tribe removing them from the region and placing them in reservations in CT
Hard work and common goals was the view and attitude of this New England group.
This English king was a Roman Catholic.
James II leading up to the Glorious Revolution (Rule of William and Mary)
What was the largest city in America in the mid-1700's?
Reducing colonial smuggling was the purpose of this British law?
This stopped colonial settlement west of the Appalachians.
Proclamation of 1763
The British and French were both aided by these people during the French an Indian War.
Samuel Adams helped to found this group.
Sons of Liberty
This person died during the Boston Massacre.
This treaty of Paris confirmed what for America?
France supported whom during the American Revolution?
Thomas Paine wrote a pamphlet called...
What was the significance of the battle of Lexington?
First shots of the Revolution "Shot heard around the world"
What region of the country depended on a large number of field laborers?
Returning to the original Puritan vision was the goal of this man.
In the colonies in 1776, Patriots made up what percentage of the population?
20%most were neutral or fearful
Who called April 19th, 1775 "A glorious day for America" because the fight for independence had begun at Lexington and Concord?
What was the lowest point for the Continental Army during the American Revolution?
Winter at Valley Forge
This was a colonial response to the stationing of soldiers in Boston.
Protests leading to The Boston Massacre
What did the did the Continental Army lack during the American Revolution?
Food, guns, supplies, money, uniforms, experience
This person used John Locke's concepts when he drafted the Declaration of Independence.
How did the colonists react to the Intolerable Acts?
Protests and boycotts, Sons and Daughters of Liberty-- Leads to Boston Massacre
This brought an indirect tax on imported goods.
This man's involvement in the American Revolution meant that American troops would gain reinforcements from France.
Marquis de Lafayette
Under this plan for government, each state was given one vote in Congress.
Articles of Confederation
What powers were granted to the National Government under the Articles of Confederation?
Declare War, sign treaties, appoint military leaders
When was the executive of the United States established?
1789 with the Constitution and Checks and Balances
Requirements for admitting new states to the union were the accomplishment of what?
Northwest Ordinance of 1787
This was a protest by farmers who faced problems from debts they owed creditors.
This was an agreement about how to determine a state's representation in Congress.
the Great Compromise Combo of the NJ plan and VA Plan
Define checks and balances.
keeping one part of the government from having more power then another to protect the rights of the people and states
How many of the 13 states needed to ratify the Constitution for it to become law?
What did Federalists promise to put into the Constitution if the Anti Federalists ratified the constitution?
Bill of Rights- rights of the people and of the states
In order to encourage people to ratify the Constitution, the Federalists wrote the _________________.
Federalist Papers (Hamilton Madison Jay)
When the availability of indentured servants' decreases, Southern planters came to depend on these people as a labor source?
This was a conflict between southern slaves and planters.
This event caused many members of the Puritan and Anglican congregations to leave.
The Great Awakening
What is considered the turning point of the French and Indian War?
Battle of Quebec
Why was a victory for the Continental Army at the Battle of Trenton significant?
Convinced the colonies they could win and boosted morale for soldiers to reenlist
Government with representatives
Government for the people
Group (states) working together in alliance
Land Ordinance of 1785
Allowed for settlement of lands west of the Appalachian Mts for a dollar an acre -- encouraged development of states
Which political party did Patrick Henry belong to?
Anti-federalists demanded that this be added to the Constitution.
Bill of Rights
Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay wrote letters contained in what publication?
Federalist Papers under the name Publius
What are the qualifications to become a U.S. senator and representative?
State Residency, 30 years old, citizen for 9 years
What are the responsibilities of the Vice President of the United States?
Acts of the ceremonial assistant to the president" Breaks a tied vote in the House of Representatives
How many years does a U.S. Senator serve in the Senate?
What are the qualifications to become the President of the United States?
natural born citizen, 35 years old, resident for 14 years
What happens when a president neither signs nor returns a bill to Congress during the time allowed?
it becomes a law
How many states did the Constitution have to be ratified by before it became the law of the land?
2/3 -- 9 of 13 states
What rights does the first amendment guarantee?
Personal freedoms-- religion, press, assembly, petition
When elected, how long is the term of a member of the House of Representatives?
What is the purpose of the preamble in the United States' Constitution?
Define the future purposes or the purposes that have yet to be determined
How can the police obtain a search warrant?
Convince the court that they have probable cause -- personal freedoms protected
How can the government override a presidential veto?
Must have more then ⅔ of the votes in Congress
How many presidents have been impeached since the ratification of the U.S. Constitution?
Who has to approve the addition of new states to the United States?
The President and congress
What are the three main branches of the U.S. government?
Legislative, Judicial, Executive
How long is a federal judge's term last?
Why would you plead the fifth amendment during a criminal trial?
So you do not incriminate yourself while testifying about something else
Who is the commander of the army and navy?
The President of the U.S.
Why do we have 3 branches of Government?
To ensure that no part of the government has too much power or becomes tyrannical
What is the significance of the Bill of Rights in the ratification on the Constitution?
It is the compromise that convinced the anti-federalists to pass the Constitution and gives the people and states their freedoms
The Great Compromise:
2 House congress
The 3/5ths Compromise:
Slaves population count towards congressional representation
The Bill of Rights:
Personal freedoms in the Constitution allowed the Federalists and Anti-Federalists to agree on changing the system of Government
Which Supreme Court justice was hospitalized after breaking three ribs?
Ruth Bader Ginsburg
A wildfire in Northern California became the deadliest in state history this November, with at least 71 people killed. By what name is the fire known?
Federal health officials in the U.S. said it was safe to eat romaine lettuce again after tracing an outbreak of E. coli to lettuce harvested from where?
A major report by 13 federal agencies warned that the size of the U.S. economy could be reduced by as much as 10 percent by 2100 if steps are not taken to address which issue?
Senator John McCain, who represented Arizona in Congress for decades after spending more than five years as a prisoner of war in Vietnam, died last Saturday at the age of 81. Mr. McCain was also a two-time contender for the presidency. In which year was he the Republican nominee?
A multimillion-dollar device was deployed last September 8th, 2018 in the hopes of cleaning up trash and plastic debris found in a patch of which body of water?
The Times reported on September 10th, 2018 that the Trump administration was set to take its third major step this year to roll back federal efforts to fight climate change. The new effort to cut regulations would make it easier for energy companies to release what type of greenhouse gas into the atmosphere?
In a speech on September 10th, 2018, John Bolton, the national security adviser, disparaged an international organization that has been vilified by conservatives and threatened it with sanctions. Which group was it?
International Criminal Court
On September 18th, 2018 at the White House, President Trump met a European leader who has proposed hosting an American military base in his country in an effort to deter Russia. They discussed the base, which the foreign leader called "Fort Trump." In which country would the proposed base be located?
Elon Musk, the chief executive of SpaceX, introduced his first customer for a voyage around the moon aboard a SpaceX rocket. The customer is from which country?
Mike Pompeo, the secretary of state, announced on September 17th, 2018 that the U.S. would limit what to 30,000 next year?
An attack on a military parade on September 22nd, 2018, killed at least 25 people, and the government of the country in which it occurred blamed several Persian Gulf countries, as well as the U.S. Where did the attack take place?
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