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Arts and Humanities
Western Lit: Greek and Roman Timeline Test
Terms in this set (79)
Archaeological evidence of Civilization in Greece
Age of Invasions; Achaean Heroes; Development of Myths
Development of city states in Greece, Homer writes Iliad and Odyssey
First Olympic games
Golden Age of Greece
500 - 350 BC
Marathon (Persian War)
Darius Dies and Xerxes becomes Persian emperor
Thermopile (Persian War)
Salamis (Persian War)
Pericles, Great Athenian leader
Aeschylus, Sophocles and Euripides are active
Phillip of Macedonia conquers the greek city states
Empire of Alexander (Hellenistic Age)
Rome invaded by Latins
Carthage was founded - Punic wars
Etruscans defeat latins
Legendary date for the founding of Rome by Romulus and Remus
A revolution in Rome expelled the Etruscan kings (makes 800 important date)
Rome conquers the Hellenistic Empire (Alexander the Great's empire) and controls the city-states
Rome obliterates Carthage at the end of the 3rd Punic War
Rule of Julius Caesar
Octavian becomes first roman emperor under the name Cesar Augustus; Pax Romana (Roman Peace) begins
Pax Romana ends
Period 1 of Ancient Greece dates
Greeks were invaded by tribes from the
What 4 tribes from the North did the Greeks get invaded by in period 1?
Which of the 4 tribe of the north had the longest lasting effect on the Greeks?
Achaean's established themselves in a city called
What are the 6 Achaean heroes?
The gods of the various tribes go through a mixing and merging process which will eventually result in the
Period 2 of Ancient Greece dates
When was the Greek war with Troy fought?
around 1150 BC
During period 2 who do the Greeks get invaded by?
What was the positive and negative effects of the Dorians displacing the greeks throughout the nearby Mediterranean ?
Negative- 300 years of arrested progress on Greece
Positive- Greek civilization is spread throughout a wider area by greeks fleeting the dorians
Period 3 Ancient Greece dates
Greeks merged into political units called
Greeks experimented with various forms of
(Monarchy, Aristocracy, Tyranny, Democracy, Oligarchy, etc.)
The Iliad and the Odyssey is about
Achaean heroes from a pervious era
What does the the Iliad and the Odyssey provide to the disunited greek city states?
A slight sense of unity that they have common ancestors
What does the the Iliad and the Odyssey provide for young men?
Sets an example of ideal behavior
The the Iliad and the Odyssey stopped the evolution of the _______.
Period 4 of the Greeks dates
What emerge as the 2 most powerful city states in Period 3?
Athens and Sparta
What city state is Ethnically Dorian(tribe), uber militaristic, and ultra conservative ?
What city states exposes babys on mountain tops?
What do the boys in Sparta have to go through when being raised by the state?
Obedience of command
Endurance of pain
What city state is Democratic, Intellectual, Cultural, Commercial and Open, not secretive
What war began with the revolt to Greek settlements over taxes?
____ and some other city states sent warships to help defy the Persians
In the 3 most important battles in the Persian war greeks turned back the Persian invasion and preserved what?
What is the Persian emperor who decided to punish the Greeks with an invasion
What Persian emperor dealt with Marathon?
What Persian emperor dealt with Thermopile?
What Persian emperor dealt with Salamis?
After the failure of the Persian war _____, who paid for the war, acted like they did everything themselves
_____ conducted selfish political policies
What city state wanted to pursue penetration and expansion of territory that belong from previous allies
What city state provoked mistrust and hatred of other city states?
A civil war between Athens and her allies VS. Sparta and her allies
War where Sparta defeats Athens
What war signals the decline to Athens
What war also signals the decline of all of Greece?
How did the Peloponnesian war single the decline to all Greece?
- The 2 most powerful city states exhausted their money and men fighting each other
- Bitter feelings between city states would make it impossible forever again to unite against an enemy as they had against the Persians
End of Greece as a Political/Military power
Alexander the Great's empire was called
Alexander was educated by who in athens?
____ is super powerful, but culturally weak. Rips off everything Greek and makes it its own.
What universal appeal of greek civilization deals with balance and moderation
The Golden Mean
What universal appeal of greek civilization deals with a fascination with everything that being a human means
What universal appeal of greek civilization deals with questions
The Spirt of Inquiry
What universal appeal of greek civilization deals with representations of glorified and naked people
The Ideal of Human Beauty
What universal appeal of greek civilization deals with the afterlife?
Lack of absorption with an afterlife
What are the 6 Universal appeals of Greek civilization ?
- The Golden Mean
- The spirit of inquiry
- The Ideal of Human beauty
- Lack of absorption with an afterlife
The act of living up to ones full potential
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
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