Chapter 1 - An Invitation to the Study of World Religions Flashcards
Terms in this set (42)
perspective that denies the existence of God or gods
(braah-mun; Sanskrit, "expansive") For monistic Hinduism, the supreme, unitary reality, the ground of all Being; for dualistic Hinduism, Brahman can refer to the supreme God (e.g., Vishnu).
(bood-dha; Sanskrit, "the Awakened One") A fully enlightened being.
understanding of the nature of the world that typically explains its origin and how it is ordered
the capacity for seeing things from another's perspective, and an important methodological approach for studying religions
The escape (or departure) of Israelite slaves from Egypt as described in the Hebrew Bible (c. 1250 b.c.e.).
The linking and intermixing of cultures; any process that moves a society toward an internationalization of religious discourse.
the belief that acknowledges a plurality of gods but elevates one of them to special status
Painted images of Christ and the saints, icons are used extensively in the Orthodox Church.
The investigation and suppression of heresy by the Roman Catholic Church, the inquisition began in the twelfth century and was formally concluded in the middle of the nineteenth century.
(is-lahm; Arabic) Lit. "submission"; specifically, the religious tradition based on the revealed Qur'an as Word of God.
The city in which Muhammad was born; place of pilgrimage for Muslims.
The general process through which societies transform economically, socially, and culturally to become more industrial, urban, and secular; any transformation of societies and cultures that leads to the abandonment of traditional religious values.
the belief that all reality is ultimately one
The belief in only one god
The legendary leader and prophet who leads the Israelite slaves out of Egypt, Moses serves as a mediator between the people of Israel and God in the Torah and is later viewed as Israel's greatest prophet.
the coexistence of different peoples and their cultural ways in one time and place
mysterium tremendum and fascinans
The contrasting feelings of awe-inspiring mystery and of overwhelming attraction that are said by Rudolf Otto to characterize the numinous experience.
A general category of religious experience characterized in various ways, for example, as the uniting with the divine through inward contemplation or as the dissolution of the sense of individual selfhood.
A story or narrative, originally conveyed orally, that sets forth basic truths of a religious tradition; myths often involve events of primordial time that describe the origin of things.
A profession of faith formulated by the Councils of Nicea (325) and Constantinople (381), the Nicene Creed articulates the Christian doctrine of the Trinity.
(nihr-vaah-nah; Sanskrit, an "extinguishing" or "blowing out") The ultimate goal of Buddhist practice, nirvana is the extinguishing of desire and the suffering it causes.
term denoting a religion that does not maintain belief in God or gods
Rudolf Otto's term for describing an encounter with "the Holy"; it is characterized by the two powerful and contending forces, mysterium tremendum and fascinans.
The belief that the divine reality is identical to nature or the material world.
The belief in many gods
In Roman Catholicism, purgatory is an intermediate state between earthly life and heaven in which the debt for unconfessed sin is expiated.
truth regarding right behavior believed to be divinely established and intentionally made known to human beings
formal worship practice
Roman Catholic Church
One of the three major traditions within Christianity (along with Orthodox and Protestantism), the Roman Catholic Church, which recognizes the primacy of the bishop of Rome, or pope, has historically been the dominant church in the West.
A saint is a "holy person" (Latin Sanctus). Veneration of the saints and belief in their intercession on behalf of the living is an important feature of Roman Catholic and Orthodox Christianity.
(sum-saah-ra; Sanskrit, "continuous flow") The continuing cycle of birth, death, and rebirth; also, the this-worldly realm in which the cycle recurs.
the general turning away from traditional religious authority and institutions; any tendency in modern society that devalues religious worldviews or seeks to substitute scientific theories for religious beliefs.
(shin-toh) The Way of the Gods. Traditional Japanese religion that acknowledges the power of the kami.
term denoting a religion that maintains belief in God or gods
the Jain spiritual heroes, such as Parshva and Mahavira, who have shown the way to salvation; synonymous with jinas
the divine attribute of being above and beyond anything human beings can know or imagine
Term denoting a theological perspective that acknowledges the existence of gods while denying that the gods are vital with regard to the most crucial religious issues, such as the quest for salvation.
The shift of population centers from rural, agricultural settings to cities.
(young) Lit. The south-facing side of a mountain, representing the energy that is bright, warm, dry, and masculine.
Lit. the north-facing side of a mountain, representing the energy that is dark, cold, wet, and feminine.
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