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The great Depression
Terms in this set (20)
starting with collapse of the US stock market in 1929, period of worldwide economic stagnation and depression. Heavy borrowing by European nations from USA during WW1 contributed to instability in European economies. Sharp declines in income and production as buying and selling slowed down. Widespread unemployment, countries raised tariffs to protect their industries. America stopped investing in Europe. Lead to loss of confidence that economies were self adjusting, HH was blamed for it
A name given to October 29, 1929, when stock prices fell sharply.
(1929-1933) The New York Stock Market Crashes October 29, 1929 "Black Tuesday". The 20th Amendment is passed and added and the 21st Amendment is passed by 1933.
Group of WWI veterans who were supposed to be given economic relief from the government due to their involvement in the war. However, in 1932 the deadline for the veterans was pushed back by the government to a latter date thus causing the group to march onto Washington to demand their money. Excessive force was used to disband these protesters, and because they were veterans and heroes of this country, Hoover's popularity plummeted because of it.
FDR's Wife and New Deal supporter. Was a great supporter of civil rights and opposed the Jim Crow laws. She also worked for birth control and better conditions for working women
A series of reforms enacted by the Franklin Roosevelt administration between 1933 and 1942 with the goal of ending the Great Depression.
Public Works administration
1933; set aside $3 billion to create jobs building roads, sewers, public housing units, and other civic necessities.
National Labor relations act
(FDR) A 1935 law, also known as the Wagner Act, that guarantees workers the right of collective bargaining sets down rules to protect unions and organizers, and created the National Labor Relations Board to regulate labor-managment relations.
, Made sure workers were treated and payed well and not getting abused by their business.
this law created the National Labor Relations Board to enforce the law and supervise shop elections
A small group of young reform-minded intellectuals responsible for writing FDR's speeches and authoring much of the New Deal legislation.
fair labor standards act
June 25, 1938- United States federal law that applies to employees engaged in and producing goods for interstate commerce. The FLSA established a national minimum wage, guaranteed time and a half for overtime in certain jobs, and prohibited most employment of minors in "oppressive child labor," a term defined in the statute. The FLSA is administered by the Wage & Hour Division of the United States Department of Labor.
Policy that government should interfere as little as possible in the nation's economy.
Veterans bureau, justice department, attorney general; suicides and fraud
A government scandal involving a former United States Navy oil reserve in Wyoming that was secretly leased to a private oil company in 1921
1921. Treaty between the US, Great Britain, France, and Japan to maintain the status quo in the South Pacific, that no countries could seek further territorial gain.
whistle top tours
a style of political campaigning where the politician makes a series of brief appearances or speeches at a number of small towns over a short period of time
emergency banking relief act
Acts Passed in 1933
five side chats
The informal radio conversations Roosevelt had with the people to keep spirits up. It was a means of communicating with the people on how he would take on the depression.
civilian conservation corps
Hired young, unemployed people to do restoration projects throughout the country, employed over 3 million people.
federal emergency relief act
The Act was the first direct-relief operation under the New Deal, and was headed by Harry L. Hopkins, a New York social worker who was one of Franklin D. Roosevelt's most influential advisers
, law provided money for food and other necessities for the unemployed
Affected the people in trying to aid people feeling the effects of the depression, still in effect today
john steinback, grapes of wrath
John Steinbeck's novel about a struggling farm family during the Great Depression. Gave a face to the violence and exploitation that migrant farm workers faced in America
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