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a writer's purpose or goal (e.g. to inform, to tell a story, to reflect, to share, rto persuade)


the repetition of consonant sounds at the beginnings of syllables (e.g. bats in the belfry)


person or animal that takes part in a literary work ( main character is called the protagonist; character that struggles against the main character called an antagonist.)


act of creating or describing a character. Major ways an author creates characters: 1. what the characters say; 2. what the characters do; 3. what the characters think; 4. what other characters say about them; 5. what physical features, dress, and personality the characters display.)


the point of highest interest and suspense in a literary work


a struggle between two people or things in a literary work
(External conflict takes place between a character and some outside force. Internal conflict takes place within a character.)


hinting at events that will happen later in a literary work


a vivid mental picture created in the reader's mind by language that creates a concrete representation of an object or experience (painting a picture with words)


a figure of speech in which one thing is spoken or written about as if it were another (It invites the reader to make a comparison between two things.)


the feeling or emotion a writer creates in a literary work


a person or character who tells a story

personal essay

a short nonfiction work related to the writer's life


a figure of speech in which something not human is described as if it were human


a series of events related to a central struggle (The parts of the plot may include exposition or introduction, inciting incident, climax, crisis or turning point, resolution, denouement.)

point of view

vantage point from which a story is told If a story is told from the first- person point of view, the narrator uses the pronouns I and we and is a part of or witness to the action. When a story is told from the third- person point of view, the narrator is outside the action and uses words such as he, she, it, they.


more than one use of a sound, a word, or group of words.


point in a play, poem, or story in which the central conflict, or struggle, ends

rhyme scheme

the pattern of rhyming lines in a poem. The rhyme scheme is usually represented with letters (e.g. every other line rhyming is abab).


the time and place in which a literary work happens


a comparison using like, as, or than


a feeling of anxiousness or curiosity


a central idea in a literary work


a writer's or speaker's attitude toward the subject or the reader

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