PS Section Bank
Terms in this set (37)
Verbal inputs to the left ear
which first go to the auditory cortex in the right hemisphere, must be processes by the language areas of the left hemisphere
Cognitive process involved in focusing on certain information
cocaine effects on fetus
Abnormal fetal growth, fetal addiction, placental abruption
stimulant it would have a physiological effect similar to stress and hence glucose metabolism is expected to increase
Neurotransmitters are manufactured
bind to a receptor on a postsynaptic membrane within the CNS
Memory unaffected by age
retrieving general information (i.e., semantic memory, crystallized intelligence)
stimulus registered by sensory receptors
In perception, it is the actual object or event out there in the world, as opposed to its perceived image.
Psychophysical discrimination testing
directly assess our perception of stimuli in relation to their true physical properties
Operational span testing
A task in which subjects are asked to perform a simple mathematical verification (e.g., 4/2 +1 = 3) and then read a word, with a recall test following some number of those verify/read pairs. The maximum number of words that can be recalled is the "operation span".
Word association testing
Projective test in which the interviewer says a word and the respondent must mention the first thing that comes to mind
Partial report technique
Study by Sterling found that iconic memory has a large capacity after asking participants to recall 3 rows of 4 letters based on a different tone for each line.
motivational state is most typically operationally defined by
depriving the subject of some desirable stimulus item for a period of time.
a point in early development that can have a significant influence on physiological or behavioral functioning in later life
the attachment style for a minority of infants; the infant may exhibit insecure attachment through various behaviors, such as avoiding contact with the caregiver, or by alternating between approach and avoidance behaviors
the knowledge, habits, and tastes learned from parents and family that individuals can use to gain access to scarce and valuable resources in society
-or gained from status
Demographic transition theory
changes in the birth rate and the death rate that are associated with economic development
-a drop in the death rate, leading to population growth, followed by a drop in the birth rate, leading to population stabilization
imaging technique that measures brain activity by detecting associated changes in blood flow
-relies on the fact that cerebral blood flow and neuronal activation are coupled
used for brain structure imaging
a series of x-ray photographs taken from different angles and combined by computer into a composite representation of a slice through the body
-similar to MRI that gives structural information, yet it is less detail and uses radiation. It's very similar to an X-ray
-if you suspect stroke or hemorrhage
evolutionary perspective on cognition
we can trace many properties of our minds to the evolutionary principles of natural selection
evolutionary perspective on food
humans have developed a preference for high caloric foods because they are a good source of fuel in the form of fat
one is able to hear different pitches because different sound waves trigger activity at different places along the cochlea's basilar membrane
if one object partially blocks our view of another, we perceive it as closer
the degree to which an assessment tool produces stable and consistent results
method to control for any effect that the order of presenting stimuli might have on the dependent variable
symptoms of schizophrenia that are marked by deficits in functioning, such as apathy, lack of emotion, and slowed speech and movement
-absence of appropriate behaviors and emotion
Negative priming requires
Variable A influences variable B but not vice versa
Variable A influences variable B but and vice versa
the processing of many aspects of a problem simultaneously, i.e. information about space, time and frequency of events is automatically processed
Novel stimuli is new or unfamiliar
Support Seeking Coping
seek comfort, contact, instrumental aid
the process of how persons construe, understand, or make sense of life events, relationships, and the self
The "Me" is what is learned in interaction with others and (more generally) with the environment: other people's attitudes, once internalized in the self, constitute the Me. This includes both knowledge about that environment (including society), but also about who the person is: their sense of self. "
socialized and conforming
At the same time, 'the "Me" disciplines the "I" by holding it back from breaking the law of the community'.[
ex. individual studying for an exam instead of going to a party
spontaneous and less socialized
response of the individual to the attitude of the community'. The "I" acts creatively, though within the context of the me.
They do not blindly follow rules. They construct a response on the basis of what they have learned, the "me".
"It is only after we have acted that we know what we have done...what we have said.
ex. an individual skipping work because they want to go to a concert