AP Comparative Unit 1
Terms in this set (32)
the study and comparison of domestic politics across countries.
A country with institutionalized democracy and a high level of economic development
The ability to influence others
Ability of a state to govern its territory free from control of its internal affairs by other states.
the richest countries with advanced economies and liberal states
A type of nation-state in which the Communist Party attempts to exercise a complete monopoly on political power and controls all important state institutions
Less Developed States
Countries with lowest living standards, undeveloped industrial rate, low HDI, high illiteracy and unstable economy/ government.
countries whose governments have so mismanaged policy that their citizens, in rebellion, threaten revolution to divide the country into separate independent states
A cause and effect relationship in which one variable controls the changes in another variable.
A measure of the extent to which two factors vary together, and thus of how well either factor predicts the other.
Freedom House ratings
"A rating system in which countries are rated from 1, most free, to 7, least free".
A statistical formula that measures the amount of economic inequality within a country. "0" corresponds with perfect equality and "100" represents perfect inequality.
the system or form by which a community or other political unit is governed
Countries that have regular, free, fair elections, but are missing other qualities(Civil liberties,rule of law, etc.)
A political system that promotes participation, competition, and liberty and emphasizes individual freedom and civil rights.
parties that do not particularly support democracy. Ex. china's communist party
belief of people that their gov't has the right to rule over them
large group who share common traits
questions used to study and compare countries that require value judgments; for example may focus on whether or not certain statistics bode well or ill for the countries
Rule of Law
principle that the law applies to everyone, even those who govern
a government in power; a form or system of rule or management; a period of rule
A body of people living in a defined territory who have a government with the power to make and enforce law without the consent of any higher authority
Term applied to a group of "developing" or "underdeveloped" countries who professed nonalignment during the Cold War.
citizens have the right to access the documents and proceedings of the government to allow for effective public oversight.
Human Development Index, measure of quality of life using factors like life expectancy, literacy, access to clean water, income, etc.
Gross National Product - the sum of all goods and services produced in a nation in a year
Gross Domestic Product- the total market value of all final goods and services produced annually in an economy
A formal plan of government
A system of managing government through departments run by appointed officials
the division of voters into voting blocs.
A process of transition as a country attempts to move from an authoritarian form of government to a democratic one.
An effort to shirft responsibility of domestic programs to the states in order to decrease the size &activites of the fed. govt; some states have attempted to shift responsibilities further to local govts