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75 terms

Vet Asst. II - Final - Farm Animals

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STUDY
PLAY
stallion
intact male horse (mature)
gelding
castrated male horse
colt
immature male horse
mare
mature female horse
filly
immature female horse
foal
horse under the age of 1
horse (equine) gestation
11 months
bull
intact male cow
steer
castrated male cow
bull calf
immature male cow
heifer
female cow (until she has a calf)
cow
female cow (which has given birth)
cow (bovine) gestation
9 months
cow-calf (beef cattle) production
adult beef cattle are kept to raise calves for sale in other states
feedlot (beef cattle production system)
type of animal feeding operation (AFO) which is used for finishing (fattening) livestock (prior to slaughter.)
back grounding production (beef cattle)
growing calves to enter a feedlot at another location
Cows (are raised for)
for dairy and beef production
Grass Tetany (hypomagnesemia)
deficiency of magnesium
core equine vaccines
Tetanus, Eastern/Western Equine Encephalomyelitis (EEE/WEE), West Nile Virus (WNV) and Rabies
Brucellosis
disease localized in the reproductive organs (causing abortion is bovines)
Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE, Mad Cow Disease)
disease of the brain transmitted via contaminated meat and bone meal
endoparasites (bovine)
lungworms, pin/threadworms, whipworm (roundworms), flukes, tapeworms, stomach worms (flatworms)
ectoparasites (bovine)
cattle grub (fly), mange mites, lice, horseflies, deerflies, stable flies, horn flies
culling
removing animals from a herd (that are not as productive or desirable as the others in the herd)
polled
naturally dehorned
branding
permanent ID; tattoo, ear tag,
dehorning
removal of horns before 2 month of age
Caslick (procedure)
surgically closing the upper part of the vulva
Hyperkalemic Periodic Paralysis (HYPP)
an inherited disease of the muscle which is caused by a genetic defect (common in quarter horses)
Exercise-Induced Pulmonary Hemorrhage (EIPH, bleeders)
bleeding from blood vessels within the lung (pulmonary) (bleeding from the nose; epistaxis)
colic
not a disease, rather a group of symptoms in response to abdominal pain
Equine infectious anemia (EIA, swamp fever)
infectious viral disease that attacks the horse's immune system (closely related to HIV, checked by the Coggins test)
Tetanus (lockjaw)
infectious disease caused by contamination of wounds from bacteria (Clostridium tetani) that live in the soil (treated with antitoxin, vaccine available)
hoof (where is the hoof located)
it covers the distal phalanx of ungulates (hooved animals)
Equine Influenza (horse flu)
highly infectious viral infection of the upper respiratory tract (equine vaccine available)
Equine protozoal myeloencephalitis (EPM, equine infectious myeloitis)
a common neurologic disease caused by the ingestion of a protozoa (S neurona sporocysts) in contaminated feed or water (EPM)
pinworms
Infective worm eggs are ingested orally and travel to the colon. While in the colon, the larvae go through various stages and become sexually mature adults in five months. Female worms crawl out of the horse's rectum, lay eggs in the sticky substance around the horse's anus and then crawl back into the rectum.
oxytocin
milk letdown hormone (hormone that stimulates contraction of uterus and the milk "letdown" reflex)
progesterone
pregnancy hormone (hormone responsible for maintaining the uterus throughout pregnancy)
crotalaria, lantana (black cherry, pokeweed, chinaberry)
toxic plants
Bovine
cow
Equine
horse
Ovine
sheep
Caprine
goat
Swine
pig
Ram
mature male sheep
Wether
castrated male sheep or goat
Ram-lamb
young male sheep
Ewe
mature female sheep
Ewe-lamb
young female sheep
Lamb
newborn sheep
Mutton
sheep used for meat
Buck
mature male goat
Billy
adult male goat
Doe (or Nanny)
mature female goat
Kid (aka buckling or doeling)
newborn goat
Boar
mature male pig
Barrow
castrated male pig (or young male pig)
Sow
mature female pig
Gilt
immature female pig
Piglet
newborn pig
Pig (Sow) gestation
115 days
goat (doe) (& sheep) gestation
150 days
Hog Cholera (Classic Swine Fever)
highly infectious virus disease of swine
Erysipelas (diamond skin disease)
acute streptococcus bacterial infection of the dermis (can infect a wide range of animals including; man, sheep, birds and pigs)
endoparasites (gastrointestinal worms of goat, sheep and pigs)
round worms, whipworms
ectoparasites (of goat, sheep and pigs)
flies, bots, lice, mange (mites), ticks
sheep (are a source of)
for fiber (wool) and meat
goats (are a source of)
for fiber (wool), diary and meat
pigs (are used for)
for food and leather
number one beef cattle state
texas
navicular bone (an important structure in relation to lameness and is involved with a significant disease process called Navicular Disease/Syndrome)
is a small bone in the foot of the horse (also known as the distal sesamoid bone)
number one pork state
north Carolina
Botulism
bacterial infection of the intestine, is a paralysis and can be fatal (caused by the ingestion of toxins, food poisoning, produced by the spore forming bacterium Clostridium botulinum which thrives in decaying plant and particularly animal tissue. Animals that can be affected are include cattle, sheep, horses, mink, and ferrets)
sheep (ewe) (& goat) gestation
150 days