Terms in this set (33)
the process of "release" by the client that relieves anxiety
refers to the concentration of emotional energy onto a person, idea or object
the tendency of an organsim to draw the resources of the environment toward itself inward; the integration of external elements into the evolving structure of the organism
the tendency of an organism to adapt to the events of the environment
the steady state of cognitive processes which is maintained by a balance of assimilation and accomodation
activity of coping with environment maximum adaptive capacity provides structure of intelligence.
Intelligence is : stable, predictable
action sequences and behavior patterns; organization and adaptation.
deterioration of existing defenses
directing an unconscious wish or impulse toward some person or object toward whom it is not really felt. eg. anger at mother acted out by raping women. to avoid conscious awareness of real object overlap with displacement but used more broadly.
a defense mechanism frequently used by persons with narcissistic personality organization which is the corollary of omnipotence. It is the split of primitive idealization.
a form of projection utilized by person with borderline personality organization. There is a lack of differentiation between self and object so that the all bad self projected on the all badd object is experiences in such a way that the impulse (aggressive or sexual) is still experienced as well as the fear of that projected impulse requiring that the person with borderline personality is organization attacks and controls the object before he is attacked and destroyed
defensive mechanism of borderline personality organization which manifest as self or others being seen as " all good" or "all bad"
turning against self
defense to deflect hostile aggression or other unacceptable impulses from another to self
something unacceptable and already done though or felt is symbolically aced out in reverse in hopes of relieving anxiety used in obsessive compulsive disorder. eg. compulsive hand washing to counter feelings of inadequacy.
some mental representation stands for some other thing, class of things or attribute. This mechanism underlies dream formation and some symptoms such as conversion reactions obsessions, compulsions, with the link between the latent meaning of the symptom or symbols usually unconscious
unattainable or unacceptable goals, emotion; object is replaced by one more attainable or acceptable
instinctual drives are diverted into personally, socially, acceptable adaptive channels eg. the sadomasochism of defense is conscious rather that unconscious
partial or symbolic return to more infantile patterns of reacting or thinking. can be in service to ego. eg. as dependency during illnes
person adopts affects, ideas, attitudes behaviors which are opposites of those he harbors consciously or unconsciously eg. excessive moral zeal masking strong but repressed a social impulses or being excessively sweet to mask unconscious anger
third line of defense not unconscious. giving believable explanation for irrational behavior motivated by unacceptable unconscious wishes or by defenses used to cope with such wishes
primitive defense attributing one's disowned attitudes wishes. feelings, urges to some external objet. eg. believing spouse is angry at the kids when one is really angry at oneself would be example of normal projection as opposed to paranoid delusions which are example of pathological projection
isolation of affect
unacceptable impulse, idea, act is separated from its original memory source thereby removing original emotional charge
loved or hated external objects are symbolically absorbed within self (converse of projection)
eg. in severe depression, unconscious unacceptable hatred is turned towards self
loss of motivation to engage in usually pleasurable activity because it might stir up conflict over forbidden impulses.
eg. writing, learning, or work blocks or social shyness
primitive mechanism in which psychic representation of person ( or parts of person) is/are figuratively ingested
overstimation of admired aspect or attribute of another may be conscious or unconscious
directing an impulse wish or feeling toward a person or situation not its real object, this permitting expression in less threatening situation.
eg a man angry at his boss kicks the dog
inability to acknowledge true significance of thoughts feelings, wishes, behavior or external reality factors which are consciously intolerable
repressed urge is disgusted as disturbance of body function usually of sensory voluntary nervous, system as anesthesias deafness, blindness, paralysis, convulsions, etc
enables on to make up for real or fancied deficiencies. eg. a stuttered becomes a very expressive writer
a short man assumes a cocky over bearing manner
pushing negative or painful image thought, or idea out of the consciousness to avoid associated pain
universal mechanism where by person patterns self after significant other plays major role in personality development especially super ego development
a. identification with the aggressor
b. identification with the love object
c. identification with the lost object
process which enables a person to split mental functions in manner allowing him to express forbidden or unconscious impulses with out responsibility for action either because he is unable to remember disowned behavior or because it is not experienced as his own