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Mr Ritter Am Studies I Midterm 2018
Terms in this set (64)
Native American group that depended on the sea for a living
Hunting big animals
This is how the first people who arrived in America supported themselves.
Surplus of food
This was necessary before big cities and complex civilizations could develop.
By controlling trade
How did African kingdoms gain power?
Spanish and Portugese
Treaty of Tordesillas prevented conflict between these two groups.
What caused the deaths of countless Native Americans?
Kivas, pottery, multistory buildings
What the Pueblo are known for.
West African slaves could escape bondage
This is why West African slaves were different from slavery later in America.
Founded a school to improve navigation
Prince Henry of Portugal founded this.
The Spanish system that forced native workers to farm, ranch or mine for landlords.
Ponce de Leon
This explorer named Florida.
He led forces to conquer Tenochtitlan in the 1500s.
These people agreed to a limited term of servitude in exchange for passage to North America as well as food and shelter.
The first American settlement.
Under this system anyone who paid for passage to Virginia received 50 acres of land.
Pilgrims were called this because they escaped persecution in England and founded the Plymouth Colony.
He founded Providence as a place where people could worship as they chose not as the government dictated.
He waged war on the Puritan settlements throughout New England.
He planned Philadelphia, the "City of Brotherly Love".
Hernando Cortes was NOT a Pueblo leader who organized a revolt against the Spanish.
The most important export from the Virginia Colony was NOT cotton.
Puritans did not come to the colonies seeking political freedom.
Providence was NOT founded by John Winthrop as a place where religious freedom would be guaranteed.
William Penn helped plan Philadelphia, the "City of Brotherly Love"
The value of exports is greater than the value of imports
Behind the theory of mercantilism this helps a country have a favorable balance of trade
The availability of indentured servants from Europe
The number of enslaved Africans in the South increased due to a decline in ___________________.
Africans from Africa to the West Indies and North America
Transatlantic trade network known as "Middle Passage"
Enlightenment was a movement that emphasized the value of this.
Seek spirituality through the use of reason
The Great Awakening caused some colonists to do this.
British and French
During French and Indian War, Native Americans fought on what side?
Stop settlement west of the Appalachians.
Proclamation of 1763, British government attempted to do this.
To raise money to carry on war with France.
Battle of Lexington
First fight between Redcoats and Minutemen.
Author of Common Sense.
This country supported the American colonies during the Revolutionary War.
Treaty of Paris
This event confirmed American independence and set the boundaries of the new nation.
Crispus Attucks played a significant role in this incident.
Helped to found the Sons of Liberty.
Closing of the Boston Harbor
The Townshend Acts did this.
Assemblies in the colonies set up committees of correspondence.
The reaction of the colonists to the Intolerable Act.
Whose concepts did Jefferson use when he drafted the Declaration of Independence?
The British tried to isolate New England from this city in 1776.
Where the Continental Army's camp was during the winter of 1777-1778
A result of when Congress printed more and more money.
This is what corrupt government officials engaged in when they sold scarce goods for high prices.
This victory for the colonists dramatically changed Britain's war strategy.
This city was occupied by British troops while Washington and his troops camped in the woods.
Washington led 2,400 men in rowboats across an ice filled river here.
One vote per state.
Under the Articles of Confederation each state's power in Congress was based on this.
The Articles of Confederation gave the national government the power to do this.
The US functioned without a what from the Declaration of Independence until the ratification of the Constitution.
Set up a plan for surveying western lands.
Accomplishment of the Northwest Ordinance of 1787.
Debts they owed to creditors.
Shay's Rebellion was a protest by farmers who faced problems with what.
Determine a state's representation in Congress.
The Great Compromise
Checks and balances
System that maintains the separation of powers among the branches of the federal government.
Number of states needed to ratify the Constitution.
Freedom of speech, press, religion
They supported adding a bill of rights to the Constitution.
Did not write a letter for "The Federalist".
Created federal circuit and federal district courts.
The Judiciary Act of 1789
Department of Treasury
Washington's cabinet included this.
He believed that educated citizens of wealth should run the government.
The Bank of the United States
This was opposed by Thomas Jefferson.
This was levied on whiskey during Washington's second term.
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