33 terms

APUSH VA NEAL Foreign Policies and Reforms (late 1800s to early 1900s) 2019

AP US History definitions ranging from the Spanish American War to the early 1900s
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Seward Purchase of Alaska
1866 - Seward's Folly - Seward's Icebox - Russia gives up/don't want Britain to have it/oil, gold, fish, timber
Alfred Thayer Mahan
The Influence of Sea Power upon History - US must have modern Navy to protect trade
Queen Liliuokalani
1887 - gave naval rights to US - American settlers later kick her out of power
Spanish American War
Defended Cuban independence - pushed by Teddy Roosevelt - America becomes empire - fought Philip also
de Lome Letter
Spanish Minister calls McKinley a wimp - yellow journalism exaggerates story
U.S.S. Maine
Engine fire explodes on ship off of Cuba's Havana Harbor - yellow press turn it into a catalyst
Rough Riders
Teddy Roosevelt's group 1898 - Polo players + westerners - took San Juan Hill - made Teddy popular
Joseph Pulitzer
Wrote human-interest stories, scandal, and sensationalism - yellow press
William Randolph Hearst
Along with Pulitzer - yellow press - influenced Spanish-American War
"Yellow journalism"
Omissions and half-truths - sensationalist newspapers try to sell more paper - printed on yellow paper
Teller Amendment
1896 - Cuba free from Spain and US won't annex
Venezuela boundary dispute
Brits want boundary change for after gold discov. - US claims they should intervene because of Monroe - war talk
The Philippines
US doesn't allow independence - keeps as territory - independence in 1945 - stirs up anti-imperialism talk
Open Door Notes
1899 America sends out notes to European empires saying they have the right to trade with Asia (i.e. China)
Boxer Rebellion
Chinese group rebels against foreigners in Beijing - defeated by coalition of European empires and Japan
Filipino insurrection
Emilio Aguinaldo helps US defeat Spain, but then removed when he tries to take independence from US
Platt Amendment
Cuba can't make treaty w/ other nations and America can stay involved in affairs
Jones Act
Philippine satellite nation of US in 1917 - partial freedom
National Woman Suffrage Associattion
Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony - state suffrage then federal suffrage
Susan B. Anthony
Suffragette. Went to court over voting illegally. Prominent American civil rights leader
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Organized Seneca Falls and was a suffragette like Susan B. Anthony.
Women's Christian Temperance Union - WCTU
Advocated total abstinence and sought legislation
Anti-Saloon League
Worked for prohibition - joined later with WCTU
Theodore Roosevelt
26th President of the United States. Leader of the Republican Party and founder of the first incarnation of the short-lived Progressive ("Bull Moose") Party of 1912. "Big Stick" Policy. Known for conservationism, Hepburn Act, "square deal," Rough Riders, and Panama Canal. Received nobel peace prize for negotiation of peace in russo-japanese war
Hay-Pauncefote Treaty
1901- Treaty signed by the United States and the United Kingdom as a preliminary to the creation of the Panama Canal. Gave the United States the right to create and control a canal connecting the Pacific Ocean and the Atlantic Ocean
Treaty of Portsmouth
Formally ended the 1904-05 Russo-Japanese War and set the balance of power in the Pacific for the next century.
Taft-Katsura Agreement
1905 - discussion between senior leaders of Japan and the United States regarding the positions of the two nations in greater East Asian affairs.
Root-Takahira Agreement
1908 - agreement consisted of an official recognition of the territorial status quo as of November 1908, affirmation of the independence and territorial integrity of China, maintenance of free trade and equal commercial opportunities, Japanese recognition of the American annexation of Hawaii and the Philippines and American recognition of Japan's position in northeast China.
Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty
1903 - Terms of the treaty stated that the United States was to receive rights to a canal zone which was to extend five miles on either side of the canal route in perpetuity, and Panama was to receive a payment from the U.S. up to $10 million.
Roosevelt Corollary
1904 - Corollary to Monroe Doctrine. States that the United States will intervene in conflicts between European Nations and Latin American countries to enforce legitimate claims of the European powers, rather than having the Europeans press their claims directly.
Russo-Japanese War
8 February 1904 - 5 September 1905. "First great war of the 20th century." The Russians were poorly organized and the Japanese defeated them in a series of battles on land and at sea. Transformed the balance of power in East Asia, resulting in a reassessment of Japan's recent entry onto the world stage.
Emilio Aguinaldo, Philippine Insurrection
Led a Filipino insurrection against the Spanish in 1896 and assisted the U.S. invasion. He served as leader of the provisional government but was removed by the U.S. because he wanted to make the Philippines independent before the U.S. felt it was ready for independence. Led an unsuccessful three-year armed resistance against the United States.
Jose Marti
led the fight for Cuba's independence from Spain from 1895 through the Spanish-American War