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Civics Final Exam Review Chapters 1-8
Terms in this set (70)
an independent country in which people share a common culture is called....
"the right to exercise supreme power and authority over a region, a group, or oneself"
what is an example of a public good?
ex: town library, roads, police department
what is an essential feature of political activity?
providing public good
what does it mean to call someone "machiavellian"?
they are cunning, ruthless, and powerful
give an example of someone who exercises power without authority
ex: a robbery, bully, baby(can make people do what they want by crying)
Rosa Parks went to jail rather than giving up her seat to a white passenger on a bus. Her action was an example of what?
what are the basic building blocks of government?
revenue collection and coercion
A ruler's legitimacy depends mainly on what factors?
The people acceptance of the ruler's authority
what is horse trading?
winning by giving and getting
what is the oldest form of government still in use today?
In New England town meeting is an example of what kind of democracy? Explain why
Direct democracy because it was the citizens making the policies and orders
Nazism Is a form of fascism build on what idea about race?
Socialism began as an attempt to correct which disadvantage of capitalism?
uneven distribution of wealth
what is a common feature of market economies?
production of high quality goods and services, limited government
who decides how much to produce and a command economy?
describe the difference between a dictator and a monarch in terms of how they acquire and retain power
Dictator: takes power and holds onto it
Monarch: acquires power passed by hereditary or divine right
Who chooses the prime minister in a parliamentary democracy?
voters—> parliament—> prime minister
what kind of economy is the most common in use today?
Which kind of country would most likely to have a federal system of government?
large countries with a diverse population
what term refers to the principle that people accused of a crime must be granted certain legal rights?
what is the purpose of the preamble in the constitution?
to tell what the major goals are to be accomplished by the US government under the constitution
why did the framers of the constitution create three separate branches of government?
so that no one can overpower or dominate the rest
The first words of the constitution indicate that power and authority comes from ___________
What is the defining characteristic of a federal system of government?
division of power between central and regional governments
overtime constitutional amendments have been extended, which rights to African-Americans, women, residents of the district of Columbia, 18-year-olds?
What does the supremacy clause of the Constitution resolve conflicts between?
State and federal governments (federal law always wins)
give an example of constitutional checks and balances.
ex: president has to approve proposals made by congress, judiciary can declare laws to be unconstitutional, etc
how did the decision in Marbury versus Madison(1803) strengthen the power of the Supreme Court?
it created the judicial review which means the judicial branch can declare laws cases or anything unconstitutional
Who is involved in the process of amending the constitution?
Congress and state legislatures (2/3 vote in congress, 3/4 vote of state legislatures)
Who has the largest role in interpreting the Bill of Rights?
What civil liberties are protected by the Bill of Rights?
speech, religion, assembly, press, petition/peaceful protest
What unpopular form of expression is protected by the First Amendment?
symbolic- flag burning
what is the name of the process of applying the Bill of Rights to the states through supreme court decisions?
Criticizing elected leaders is protected under which amendment?
first amendment- freedom of speech
What do the fifth, sixth, seventh, and eighth amendments protect?
Rights of the accused
which amendments have not been subjected to incorporation?
2nd, 3rd, and 7th
The phrase "You have the right to remain silent" reflects the provision in the Bill of Rights regarding...
the miranda rights
The term prior restraint refers to what government action?
libel; prevention of publishing certain materials
what decision did the supreme court on the power of cities to regulate peaceful assembly in the public places after Hague versus CIO?
cities me set rules for the use of public places that apply equally to all
according to the US Constitution the national government must guarantee that every state government has a...
republican form of government
a sherif is an officeholder held in what local government?
President Nixon and Reagan advocated a policy known as the evolution. What was this policy aimed at?
transfer of power from a central government to a local/regional one
What is gerrymandering?
Process of redrawing legislative boundaries for the purpose of benefiting the party in power.
what term refers to legislation the national government requires state or local government to implement at their own expense?
What kind of court would a driver protesting a speeding ticket most likely appear?
political scientist describe the era of President Johnson's great Society programs as one of....
what unit of government is most likely to regulate water systems, cemeteries, hospital, sewers, fire protection services and schools?
special purpose districts
What is a common way to amend the state constitution?
The legislature proposes an amendment, and the voters approve it.
What form of city government, combining democratic rule with professional expertise, is most common in the United States Today?
What are the building blocks of civil society?
Social clubs in civic organizations
What part of the US constitution defines US citizenship?
what must immigrants do when they want to become a naturalized citizen?
have a legal visa, five years of permanent residency, application for citizenship, interview with immigration officials, take a test on English and Civics, citizenship ceremony
what is a "Societies framework of shared values beliefs and attitudes"?
What area are conservatives more likely than liberals to favor government intervention?
someone from another country Who lives in the United States illegally is called....
an undocumented immigrant
What political ideology favor is the least government regulation of any kind?
what ideology is reflected by the statement: " we support a sustainable society which utilizes resources in such a way that future generations will benefit and not suffer from the practices of our generation."?
what is it individual with a green card allowed to do?
Live and work
what case committed the United States protecting the rights of all Americans regardless of race, sex, religion, or national origin?
civil rights act of 1964
what is the primary goal of political parties?
to gain control of government by selecting its candidates to office
what is the most common form of individual involvement with a political party?
How do lobbyists help government officials to function more efficiently?
by providing information on public issues
The national women's party and the right to life party are examples of which type of third-party?
Single issue party
What term refers to the idea of a political power should be distributed and shared among various groups in society?
what political party in the United States had the longest continuous existence?
Who are the main sponsors a political action committees?
What is grassroots mobilization?
the use of strategic efforts to organize political actions by ordinary citizens
What is a party platform?
statement of parties principles and goals
what is the first step in the policy making process?
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