Miller and Levine Biology - Chapter 11
Terms in this set (...)
the formation of two new cells from an existing cell
The production of genetically identical offspring from a single parent
Reproduction in which gametes from two parents unite
DNA-containing structure that carries genetic material from one generation to another
one of two identical "sister" parts of a duplicated chromosome
substance found in eukaryotic chromosomes that consists of DNA tightly coiled around histones
sequence of events from the production of a eukaryotic cell to the time the cell itself reproduces
period of the cell cycle between cell divisions
cell division in which the nucleus divides into nuclei containing the same number of chromosomes
Division of the cytoplasm during cell division
region of a chromosome where the two sister chromatids attach
Cell organelle that aids in cell division in animal cells only
First phase of mitosis. Chromosomes become visible, nuclear envelop dissolves, spindle forms.
Second phase of mitosis, during which the chromosomes line up across the center of the cell
phase of mitosis in which the chromosomes separate and move to opposite ends of the cell
last phase of mitosis, chromosome are in two new cells and nuclear membranes start to reform
a protein released by certain cells that stimulates other cells to divide
one of a family of proteins that regulates the cell cycle in eukaryotic cells
programmed cell death
uncontrolled cell division
A mass of abnormal cells that develops when cancerous cells divide and grow uncontrollably.
a type of tumor that does not spread to surrounding healthy tissue or to other parts of the body.
malignant tumor (cancerous tumor)
tumors that invade and destroy surrounding healthy tissue.
developing stage of a multicellular organism
process in which cells become specialized in structure and function
Stem cells with the potential to differentiate into any type of cell.
Cells that are capable of developing into most, but not all, of the body's cell types
stage of early development in mammals that consists of a hollow ball of cells
unspecialized or undifferentiated cells that retain the ability to become a wide variety of specialized cells
cell with limited potential to develop into many types of differentiated cells
a fertilized egg; a diploid cell resulting from the fusion of two haploid gametes; a fertilized ovum.
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