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Exam One

Term for testes and ovaries before the time of sexual differentiation


Testes travel down this passage way around seven months after birth

Inguinal canal

Testes pass before birth and part of the intestine does not close off completely

Inguinal hernia

One or both testes have failed to descend by time of birth


Difference between embryo and chromosome at 28 days of age

Undifferentiated state

Term for chemical substance manufactured by endocrine glands


Stimulation of bone and muscles is controlled by what hormone?


Hormone that controls sperm production


Secreted by pituitary gland and regulates ovulation


Produced by sertoli cells and regulates FSH


Gender of fetus is clear from appearance of genitals by this stage in gestation

12 to 16 weeks

These ducts develop into fallopian tubes and the uterus

Mullerian ducts

These ducts develop into the epididymis

Wolffian ducts

This substance causes mullerian ducts to degenerate

Mullerian inhibiting substance

Portion of the brain that differentiates prenatally


This organ is both analogous and homologous to the testes


Gene on the Y chromosome directs gonads to differentiate into testes

Sex determining region

Number of weeks after conception that the gonads develop into testes in males and into ovaries in females

6-12 weeks

Glans clitoris is homologous to this part of the penis


Skenes glands are homologous to this gland in the male


Scrotum is homologous to this part of the vulva

Outer lips

Fallopian tubes have no homologous structure in the male because of the degeneration of these ducts


Seminal vesicles have no homologous structure in the female because of these ducts

Wolffian ducts

Ridge that runs around the glans of the penis


Glands are responsible for producing 60% of seminal fluis

Seminal vesicle

Fatty pad of tissue covered with pubic hair in front of the pubic bone

Mons pubis

Fingerlike projections responsible for conducting egg into fallopian tube


Mildest form of genital cutting


Ritual genital cutting involves making an incision on bottom length of the penis to bottom of urethra


Aspect of personality is responsible for maintaining values and ideals from society


Freud described these regions sensitive to pleasure sensation

Erogenous zones

Female version of the Oedipus complex

Electra complex

Kind of conditioning depending on punishment and rewards

Operant conditioning

Perspective that focuses on psychological mechanisms that have been shaped by natural selection

Evolutionary psychology

This theory recognizes the process of imitation and identification

Social learning

Ovulation occurs on this day in a perfect 28 day cycle

Day 14

Third phase of menstrual cycle

Luteal phase

After releasing an egg, follicle turns into glandular mass of cells called this

Corpus luteum

This occurs when the endometrium grows in a place other than the uterus


Absence of menstruation


Aging of ovaries leads to a decline in two things

Estrogen and progesterone

Sex chromosomes direct the gonads to begin sexual differentiation during this time

Week 6

Sex chromosome controlled only by male

Y chromosome

Fertilized egg carrying these chromosomes will more than likely develop into a female

X chromosome

Genetic male has an extra X chromosome, testes are abnormal and no sperm is produced

Klinefelter's sydrome

Sex chromosome that is smaller of the two and carries less information

Y chromosome

Guevodoces have these sex chromosomes

X and Y chromosomes

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