Chapter 56: Oral and Maxillofacial surgery

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Terms in this set (...)

alveolitis
inflammation and infection associated with the disturbance of a blood clot after extraction of an impacted tooth
alveoplasty
the surgical shaping and smoothing of the margins of the tooth socket after extraction of the tooth, generally in preparation for placement of a prosthesis
bone file
surgical instrument used to smooth rough edges of bone structure
chisel
surgical instrument used for cutting or severing a tooth and bone structure
curette
surgical instrument used to remove tissue from the tooth socket, also called curet
donning
act of placing on an item, such as glove, dressing
elevator
surgical instrument used to reflect and retract the periodontal ligament and periostenum
excisional biopsy
surgical procedure in which tissue is cut from a suspect oral lesion.
exfoliative
diagnostic procedure in which cells are scraped from a suspect oral lesion for analysis
forceps
surgical instrument used to grasp and hold onto teeth for their removal
hard tissue impaction
oral condition in which a tooth is partially to fully covered by bone and gingival tissue
hemostat
surgical instrument used to hold or grasp items
impacted tooth
tooth that has not erupted
incisional biopsy
section of suspect that is removed for evaluation
luxate
to dislocate, as a tooth from its socket
mallet
hammer-like instrument used with chisel to section teeth or bone
needle holder
surgical instrument used to hold the suture needle
oral and maxillofacial surgeon
dentist who has specialized in surgeries of the head and neck region
oral and maxillofacial surgery
dental surgical specialty that diagnoses and treat conditions of the mouth, face, upper jaw (maxilla), and associated areas
outpatient
patient seen and treated by a physician, then sent home for recovery
retractor
surgical instrument used to hold back and soft tissue
ronguer
surgical instrument used to cut and trim the alveolar bone
root tip picks
surgical used for the removal of root tips or fragments from the surgical site
scalpel
surgical knife
soft tissue impaction
oral condition in which a tooth is partially to fully covered by gingival tissue