60 terms

Sadlier Oxford Level G units 10-12

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rudiments
(n) the parts of any subject or discipline that are learned first; the earliest stages of anything
Syn: basics, fundamentals
ambient
(adj) completely surrounding, encompassing
cabal
(n) a small group working in secret
Syn: ring, plot, conspiracy
forgo
(v) to do without, abstain from, give up
Syn: refrain from, renounce
Ant: indulge in, partake of
irreparable
(adj) incapable of being repaired or rectified
Syn: irremediable
Ant:remediable, fixable, reversible
impeccable
(adj) faultless, beyond criticism or blame
Syn: flawless, spotless, immaculate
Ant: grimy, soiled, spotted
interpolate
(v) to insert between other parts or things; to present as an addition or correction
Syn: interpose, introduce
Sporadic
(adj) occurring at irregular intervals, having no set plan or order
Syn: intermittent, spasmodic
Ant: steady, continuous, uninterrupted
moribund
(adj) dying, on the way out
Syn: obsolescent
Ant: thriving
necromancer
(n) one who claims to reveal or influence the future through magic, especially communication with the dead; in general
Syn: sorcerer, conjurer
luminous
(adj) emitting or reflecting light, glowing; illuminating
Syn: bright, refulgent, lustrous
Ant: dark, opaque, dim, murky
obtuse
(adj) blunt, not coming to a point; slow or dull in understanding;measuring between 90 degrees and 180 degrees; not causing a sharp impression
Syn: dumb, thick, mild, dull-witted
Ant: perceptive, quick-witted
reconnoiter
(v) to engage in reconnaissance; to make a preliminary inspection
Syn: scout
delectable
(adj) delightful, highly enjoyable; deliciously flavored, savory (n) an appealing or appetizing food or dish
Syn: scrumptious
Ant: repugnant, repulsive, distasteful
burnish
(v) to make smooth or glossy by rubbing, polish (n) gloss, brightness, luster
Syn: shine, buff
Ant: dull, abrade
hapless
(adj) marked by a persistent absence of good luck
Syn: unlucky, ill-starred, unfortunate
Ant: lucky, charmed, fortunate
decimate
(v) to kill or destroy a large part of
Syn: devastate
ebullient
(adj) overflowing with enthusiasm and excitement; boiling, bubbling
Syn: exhilarated, elated
Ant: gloomy, morose, sullen, apathetic
shambles
(n) a slaughterhouse; a place of mass bloodshed; a state of complete disorder and confusion, mess
gregarious
(adj) living together in a herd or group; sociable, seeking the company of others
Syn: outgoing, extroverted
Ant: aloof, introverted, reclusive
defunct
(adj) no longer in existence or functioning, dead
Syn: extinct, nonexistent
Ant: alive
omnipresent
(adj) present in all places at all times
Syn: ubiquitous, ever-present
aesthetic
(adj) pertaining to beauty; sensitive or responsive to beauty
Syn: artistic
inexorable
(adj) inflexible, beyond influence; relentless, unyielding
Syn: ineluctable, obdurate
Ant: avoidable, yielding, pliant
oscillate
(v) to swing back and forth with a steady rhythm; to fluctuate or waver
Syn: vibrate
winnow
(v) to get rid of something unwanted, delete; to sift through to obtain what is desirable; to remove the chaff from the wheat by blowing air on it; to blow on, fan
Syn: sift, strain, filter, sort
espouse
(v) to take up and support; to become attached to, adopt; to marry
Syn: embrace, wed
Ant: repudiate, disavow, renounce
nadir
(n) the lowest point
Syn: rock bottom
Ant: pinnacle, zenith
attenuate
(v) to make thin or slender; to weaken or lessen in force, intensity, or value
Syn: thin out, dilute, water down
Ant: thicken, strengthen, bolster
benign
(adj) gentle, kind, forgiving; to weaken or lessen in force, intensity or value
Syn: benevolent, salubrious, harmless
Ant: malevolent, deleterious
penitent
(adj) regretful for one's sins or mistakes (n) one who is sorry for wrongdoing
Syn: remorseful, regretful, rueful
Ant: remorseless
cavil
(v) to find fault in a petty way, carp (n) a trivial objection or criticism
Syn: nitpick
sequester
(v) to set apart, separate for a special purpose; to take possession of and hold in custody
Syn: segregate, isolate, closet
requite
(v) to make suitable repayment, as for a kindness, service, or favor; to make retaliation, as for an injury or wrong; to reciprocate
Syn: reimburse, avenge
discomfit
(v) to frustrate, thwart, or defeat; to confuse, perplex, or embarrass
foible
(n) a weak point, failing, minor flaw
Syn: shortcoming, quirk
Ant: forte, virtue
fraught
(adj) full of or loaded with; accompanied by
Syn: charged with
Ant: devoid of, lacking, deficient in
flaccid
(adj) limp, not firm; lacking vigor or effectiveness
Syn: soft, flabby
Ant: hard, solid
fetish
(n) an object believed to have magical powers; an object of unreasoning devotion or reverence
Syn: charm, obsession
languish
(v) to become weak, feeble, or dull; to droop; to be depressed or dispirited, to suffer neglect
Syn: flag, fade, pine
laconic
(adj) concise, using few words
Syn: pithy, compact
Ant: prolix, loquacious
perfunctory
(adj) done in a superficial or halfhearted manner; without interest, or enthusiasm
Syn: slapdash, shallow
Ant: thorough, assiduous, diligent, meticulous
plaintive
(adj) expressive of sorrow or woe, melancholy
Syn: sad, lugubrous
Ant: cheerful, blithe, joyous, merry
mendacious
(adj) given to lying or deception; untrue
Syn: untruthful, false
Ant: veracious
tantamount
(adj) equivalent, having the same meaning, value or effect
Syn: indistinguishable from
importune
(v) to trouble with demands; to beg for insistently
Syn: implore, tax
inure
(v) to toughen, harden; to render used to something by long subjection or exposure
Syn: accustom, acclimate
deprecate
(v) to express mild disapproval; to battle
Syn: deplore, frown upon
Ant: smile on, approve
detritus
(n) loose bits and pieces of material resulting from disintegration or wearing away; fragments that result from any destruction
Syn: wreckage, ruins, rubble
peremptory
(adj) having the nature of a command that leaves no opportunity for debate, denial, or refusal; offensively self-assured, dictatorial, determined, resolute
Syn: unconditional
Ant: irresolute, mild, unassuming
rife
(adj) common, prevalent, widespread, happening often; full, abounding; plentiful, abundant, replete
Ant: devoid of, lacking
abrogate
(v) to repeal, cancel, declare null and void
Syn: annul, revoke
Ant: renew, ratify
asperity
(n) roughness, severity; bitterness or tartness
Syn: rigor, harshness
Ant: mildness, blandness, softness, lenience
onerous
(adj) burdensome; involving hardship or difficulty
Syn:weighty
Ant: light, easy, undemanding, untaxing
obsequious
(adj) marked by slavish attentiveness; excessively submissive, often for purely self-interested reasons
Syn: fawning, servile, sycophantic, mealymouthed
Ant: assertive, bumptious, candid, frank, independent
charlatan
(n) one who feigns knowledge or ability; a pretender, impostor, or quack
Syn: mountebank
askance
(adv) with suspicion, distrust, or disapproval
Syn: distrustfully, suspiciously
eclectic
(adj) drawn from different sources (n) one whose beliefs are drawn from various sources
Syn: selective, synthetic, pick-and-choose
Ant: uniform, monolithic
impecunious
(adj) having little or no money
Syn: impoverished, indigent
Ant: affluent, wealthy, prosperous, rich
rebuff
(v) to snub; to rebel, drive away (n) a curt rejection, a check
Syn: (v) repulse, reject (n) setback
Ant: accept, welcome