Terms in this set (57)
Socialist group of Paris men angry at provisional government left in place after the Franco-Prussian War. Adolphe and his army broke this event up, killing 25,000 people.
General Georges Boulanger
a popular military officer who attracted the public attention of all those discontented with the Third Republic; just when his strength had grown to the point where many expected a coup de tat, he lost his nerve and fled France, a completely discredited man; the crisis served to rally support for the resilient republic
In 1898, a conflict between the United States and Spain, in which the U.S. supported the Cubans' fight for independence
Cuba and the Philippines
Spanish colonial territories that became American possessions at the end of the Spanish-American War. An American hero and icon is born during a military charge up the San Juan Hill-Theodore Roosevelt.
the lower houes of the German parliament. It was elected by universal male suffrage, and did not have ministerial responsibility.
(cultural struggles) An exetreme church state conflict waged by Bismark in Germany during the 1870's in response to a perceived threat to German political unity from the Roman Catholic church.
Bismarck's Welfare Legislation
Attempt by Bismarck to woo workers away from socialism by passing laws that established sickness, accident and disability benefits.
German emperor who forced Bismarck to resign in 1890 and refused to renew the Russian-German Reinsurance Treaty, prompting republican France to court absolutist Russia with loans, arms, and friendship and in 1894 become military allies, creating two rival blocs in Europe
Attempt by Hungary to solve its nationalities problem by imposing the Hungarian language in all schools annd making it the official language spoken by the govt.
Alexander III and Nicholas II
These two Tsars left absolutely no room for liberal democratic reform after the assassination of Alexander II by the "peoples' will" in 1881. A repressive, police state was maintained. The powers of the zemstuos were severely curtailed.
A tsarist program that required non-Russians to speak only Russian and provided education only for those groups loyal to Russia
In late nineteenth-century Europe, human progress was increasingly identified with what?
By 1871 the focus of Europeans' lives had become what?
the national state
The second industrial Revolution saw the advent of what new product?
What type of new energy source powered the second industrial revolution?
The internal combustion engine burning a mixture of gas and air was produced in what year?
The development of markets after 1870 was best characterized by what?
urban consumers in Europe who desired a growing number of consumer products
Germany began to replace Britain as Europes industrial leader by the early twentieth century largely due to what?
germany's development of new areas of manufacturing including chemicals and heavy electric machinery
by 1900 which of the following nations was not advanced industrially?
in late nineteenth-century europe, increased competition for foreign makrkets and the growing importance of domestic demand for economic development led to what?
a strong reaction against free trade and imposition of steep protective tariffs by most nations.
one of the cheif results of the 2nd IR concerning agriculture was what?
a drop in agricultural prices
employment opportunities for women during the 2nd IR
changed in quality and quantity with the expansion of the service sector
when not able to find work in the factories, many lower class european women did what?
took jobs as clerks shops assistants and nurses
a rise in female prostitution in european cities during the later nineteenth-century can best be attributed to what?
heavy migration to cities by country women and their increasingly desperate struggle for urban economic survival
a key reason for germany supplanting england as the industrial leader of europe was what?
british unwillingness to support and encourage formal technical and scientific education
an issue that brought socialists together in the nineteenth century was what?
improvement of working and living conditions for most workers
the marxist revisionist eduard bernstein stressed the need for what?
working through democratic politics to create socialism
the trade union movement prior to WWI...
varied from state to state but was generally allied with socialist parties
trade unions in the nineteenth century were shaped by what?
>fusions of nationalism and socialism > the decline of the labor movement in GB >the development of evolutionary socialism.
Anarchist movements were most successful where?
in less industrialized and less democratic countries where ordinary people could see no hope of peaceful political change.
some of the most powerful of the 19th century labor unions were to be found where?
in late 19th century, anarchists attempted to accomplish a transformation of society through what?
assasinations and other acts of political terrorism
what was the chief cause of the rising population between 1850 and 1880?
a declining mortality rate
the driving force behind immigration to the cities was what?
reforms in urban living
the development of pure water sewerage systems, model homes built for the poor by wealthy philanthropists,a dnt he demolition of old, unneeded defensive walls replaces by old avenues.
octavia hills housing venture was designed to
give the poor an environment they could use to improve themselves
the middle classes of nineteenth century europe
were very concerned with propriety and shared values of hard work and christian morality
the largest segment of european society in 19th century was composed of what?
peasant landholders, unskilled day laborers, and domestic servants who worked for very low wages.
for elizabeth poole sanford, women should what?
avoid being self sufficient
the domestic ideal of the 19th century middle class family was what?
togetherness with leisure time being important
changes in the standard of living from 1890 to 1913 in europe affected the working classes how?
by allowing working class parents to devote more attention to children
by 1900 most european educational systems were what?
free and compulsory at least at the primary level
Although several motives drove states to develop systems of mass public education for their citizens, the chief reason for which they did this was what?
political, to produce more informed voters in expanding electorates and to heighten patriotism producing more integrated nations.
in regard to mass leisure and entertainment in the 19th century...
amusement parks and music halls became popular.
the "father of tourism" in england was whom?
a major development in GB politics before 1914?
the continual growth of political democracy
which of the following national groups had realized nationhood by 1871?
the Home Rule Act of 1914
aggravated the problems between northern and southern ireland.
the English Reform Bil of 1884
gave english agricultural workers the right to vote
Louis Napolean's 2nd empire was brought to an end by what?
france's defeat in the franco prussion war,
splits between the french working and middle class were widened by what?
brutal suppression of the paris commune in 1871
the Boulanger Crisis in France resulted in what?
rallying french citizens to the cause of the republic
What best applies to spain and Italy in the Late 19th century?
both countries remained secondrate powers less transforms by the economic and cultural innovations of the age.
in 1867 austria-hungary was theoretically a constitutional governemtn; in reality it was what?
under the chancellorship of Bismarck, germany passed what?
social welfare legislation to woo workers away from the social democrats
what best applies to germany under the chancellorship of Otto von Bismarck?
Coalitions were used by Bismarck to get what he wanted then he dropped them.
Which of the following statements best applies to the Dual Monarchy of Austria Hungary before WWI?
the nationality problem remained unresolved and led to strong german as well as other nationalist movements.
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