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Terms in this set (75)
Who is Aeneas?
A Trojan character, hero of the story; son of Anchises and Venus
Which side left the horse on the shore?
The Greek side
Why was the other side mistrustful of the horse?
There weren't any ships or fires, only the horse
How big was the horse?
What was the name of the man who was found and could explain the horse?
What soldier from his native country appeared to be malicious towards him?
What is ironic about the fact that this story is told from the city of Carthage to Queen Dido?
Carthage was founded 850 BC, but the Trojan War was 1250 BC, so it's an anachronism
How did Sinon convince his opponents that the horse was safe?
Using ethos, pathos, and logos
Who kills King Priam?
When the hero of this story decided that Troy will not recover from this attack, where does he return to?
Who does he see hiding by an altar in the street on his way home?
Who stops him from killing this person?
What prophecy does Venus give to Aeneas?
She tells him she'll be with him always
Who is our hero's son?
When Aeneas returns home, who doesn't want to flee the city?
Anchises, his father
When they do flee the city, describe how the hero leads the family out?
Aeneas carries his father on his shoulders and he holds his son's hand
When the family finally escapes the city, who from the family is missing?
What does Aeneas do when he finds out his wife is missing?
He hides his other family and goes back for her
How does he find his wife?
He calls her name and her soul appears
What message does Aeneas' wife give to him?
News that she is dead, and of his fate that he'll be shipwrecked
What is Jupiter's nick name?
What is Janus the god of?
Beginning and ending
What two English words do we get from Janus?
January and janitors
How does Virgil describe Priam as a pitiful old man?
Through the use of diction
What is so scandalous about how Pyrrhus kills Polites?
Pyrrhus makes Polites' parents watch
Describe Priam's chastisement of Pyrrhus. What does he say? To whom does he compare him?
He compares him to Achilles, his father, saying Achilles was never this cruel and that the gods will punish him
Describe the scene in vivid detail when Priam tries to kill Pyrrhus.
He throws his spear, it going into the leather shield so lightly that it wagged back and forth.
Describe the scene when Pyrrhus kills Priam.
He drags him by the hair to the altar, stabbing him, granting him an ignoble death
What was the first island that Aeneas and his group landed on after they departed Troy?
When Aeneas asks the Oracle of Apollo on Delos where to head, what clue does he get?
To search out his ancient motherland
How does Anchises interpret that clue?
That Crete is their homeland
What do they do once they reach Crete?
They build a city with high walls
What happens to Aeneas' group on Crete
A blight goes across the land
Before they can send back to the Oracle for clarification of their destiny, what word does Aeneas receive in a dream?
A voice tells him Hesperia is his proper home (Italy)
Who were the Harpies and what prophecy did the leader of the Harpies speak over Aeneas and his people?
Winged bird-women who prophecized their arrival in Italy after a bad famine
List some perils that Aeneas and his companions encountered that were similar to those of Odysseus.
Charybdis, Pholephomis (Cyclops), Scylla
What is the prequel to the Romulus and Remus story?
Go to Italy, wage a war, win, give law and order to the loser, build a high walled city. Archanius will rule after Aeneas, Trojans ruling for 300 years, Romulus founds Rome and his rule won't end
After Jupiter comforts Venus that all will be well for Aeneas, whom does he send to Carthage to prepare the way for Aeneas and crew so that the people will receive him kindly?
When Aeneas and his faithful friend investigate the land of Carthage, how did they get inside the city gates undetected?
Venus shrouded them in mist
What sight did they see in the temple of Juno that brought them to tears?
Heroic scenes of the Trojan War
While they were in the temple, they first saw Queen Dido. What two things about her caused Aeneas to be thoroughly enraptured?
Her beauty and competence
While Aeneas was watching Dido rule, who wandered into the great temple?
Sailors of his that Aeneas thought dead
Why didn't Aeneas immediately go forth and greet his long lost friends?
He wanted to see how they were treated
What was Dido's response to these sailors?
She said not to fear, she knows of the war, they are welcome to stay, she offers them citizenship
When the "cloud that encircled them vanished," what did Aeneas look like and why?
Like a god with gold, thick hair and "lustrous" eyes
Why did Dido say that Aeneas and his companions could rest beneath her roof?
She felt sympathy for people who travel far
When Dido was preparing a banquet for the sailors, why did Aeneas send for Ascanius? What was he to bring with him as he came to the banquet?
For his pride, and presents for the Queen
Why would Venus fear that Juno might "somehow turn the queen and her people against the Trojans?"
Juno didn't like her
What was Venus' plan to keep Juno from meddling?
Have cupid make Dido love Aeneas
Does Venus' plan work?
Yes, she fell madly in love
What advice does Dido's sister Anna give to her concerning her love for Aeneas?
Says to marry him as to not waste her youth years
What changes came over Dido as a result of her love for Aeneas?
Dido felt no pleasure in her queenly duties
What god became aware of the changes in Carthage as a result of Dido's love for Aeneas? What did he do?
Jove called Hermes to warn Aeneas to move on
Why doesn't Aeneas tell Dido that he has to move on?
She wouldn't let him leave
When Dido confronts Aeneas about leaving, what does Aeneas tell her about his need to leave?
That he never promised to abide there forever, and that it was the will of the gods
What curse does Dido place on Aeneas?
Describe Dido's plan to take her own life.
Burn Aeneas' things and stab herself on his sword
Why did Dido want to burn all of Aeneas' things that he had left behind?
To burn away his image
How exactly did he die?
She fell on his sword on top of the pile
What is the foreshadowing at the end of the story?
There's signs of a rising storm
What is the connection between the word Jovial and Jove, mercurial and Mercury?
Various planets/celestial bodies have character influence (jovial-happy, mercurial-quick witted)
When does Anchises die?
In his sleep
Describe Anchises' funeral.
Buried in a tomb on the island of Sicily, his funeral games go on for nine days
What does Anchises tell Aeneas in a dream?
He tells him to come to the underworld
Whom does Aeneas have to find for directions to the underworld?
Aeneas is told that it is hard to get out of the underworld. What does he have to find as a gift for Prosperine, the queen of the dead?
A bough of gold (branch)
Who helps Aeneas find this gift?
What is the tone of the passage when Aeneas goes to the underworld?
How is the fearful tone achieved?
"gloomy lake," "ghastly vapors," "gruesome," "shapes of fear and hunger"
How does the Greek view of unburied bodies differ from the Roman view?
Greeks- never cross the river
Roman- after 100 years can cross
How does the Sibyl quiet Cerebus?
Flings a honey cake with poppyseed
When Aeneas sees Dido, what excuse does he give to her?
It was his duty to leave
What kind of people are in Elysium?
Patriotic kings, priests, inventors that improved the world, mercenaries
What does Anchises tell Aeneas when they meet?
All events of the future, a prequel for Romulus and Remus, that is is Rome's destiny to conquer the world
Describe Anchises' body in the underworld.
A shade, transparent, no substance
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