18 terms

Ethics Chapter 8

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

Violence and killing
= unethical acts
Violence is wrong but sometimes permissible:
Self Defense
Prevent Atrocities
Protect the Vulnerable
Action of Last Resort
Just-War Theory
Mechanism to determine the circumstances war is justified
What is Just-War Theory's aim?
Control
Limit
Prohibit (often)
Respect Humanity of Enemy
Uphold Morality
3 Moral Criteria that justify war and violence:
Serve the common good/public interest
Just Cause (on behalf of others?)
Right Intentions
JUS AD BELLUM:
Justice of Going to War
Thomas Aquinas (influenced by Augustine)
JUS AD BELLUM cont'
Legitimate Authority
Just Cause
Right Intention
Probability of Success
Last Resort
Proportionality
Jus post bellum -
post conflict obligation
A duty of care to the population:
Rebuild
Restructuring
Protect human rights
JUS IN BELLO:
Justice of the Conduct of War
Preserve Standard of Moral Conduct
Immoral Actions are Authorized ≠ Morality is Suspended
3 Principles of Jus In Bello
Discrimination

Proportionality

Military Necessity
Doctrine of Double Effect -
Action that is militarily necessary is permitted even if there are significant civilian casualties
Legitimate Authority?
- Jus ad bellum
Discrimination?
- Jus in
Security and Civil Liberties
Balance between the Rights & Interests of Individuals and Groups
Constant challenge
No obviously right
No easy answer
ex. counter-terrorism method
ex. Pandemic
Humanitarian
Intervention
Military intervention for humanitarian reasons
versus
Principle of non-interference in internal affairs of a country
*UN Charter "international peace and security"
Is it ever justified to use force to prevent or address Humanitarian concerns?
Can the losing or injuring of a soldier to defend other nationals?
*Public opinion
*more civilian/non-combatant casualties than ground forces

ex. Kosovo; Syria
Humanitarian Intervention
Concerns
Misuse - possibility of abuse
Consistency - its use
It provides a globally accepted means to address injustices and human rights violations
It recognizes that there are positive global duties
Responsibility to protect - prevent & rebuild