12 terms

Art Cards VIII

(Painting) Realism - Fin de Siecle [12]
STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

THE ARTIST'S STUDIO
Period: Realism
ID Aspects: Black and white, fuzzy looking, true to life/exact interpretation
Artist: Daguerre
Patron: unknown, none
Name/Date: The Artist's Studio/1870 CE
Medium: Daguerreotype
Function: Aesthetics/trying out new tech
Context/Content: Daguerre was the first person to create a process in which chemicals were used in order to create a permanent image taken. Some other versions of 'photographs' existed, but none could create long lasting images.
PORTRAIT OF CHARLES BAUDELAIRE
Period: Realism
ID Aspects: Black and white, real life depicted in it's truest form, portraiture, genre piece
Artist: Nadar
Patron: unknown, none
Name/Date: Portrait of Charles Baudelaire/1870 CE
Medium: Silver Print
Function: Portraiture
Context/Content:Portraiture become ever more present because of the invention of the photograph. Before hand, it would take ery long amounts of time and effort in order to reproduce a portrait for a patron, but now with the photograph it made it very quick, simple, easy, yet expensive nonetheless to do.
SALLY GARDNER RUNNING
Period: Realism
ID Aspects:
Artist: Eadweard Muybridge
Patron: unknown, none
Name/Date: Sally Gardner Running/1870 CE
Medium: Photograph
Function: Solving a bet
Context/Content: Stanford is a rich guy, but is stingy with his bets and decides to see in what way horses run. Dude (Muybridge) sets up a couple cameras in a row at the end of a horse racing track in order to see if horses ever have all 4 hooves off the ground at one time. Obviously Stanford is correct and the horses appear to be levitating at a certain fraction of time while racing.
THE STONE BREAKERS
Period: Realism
ID Aspects: true interpretation of life, not idealized or romanticized, gritty, realistic, contemporary issue/stituations
Artist: Gustave Courbet
Patron: unknown, none
Name/Date: The Stone Breakers/1870 CE
Medium: Oil
Function: Aesthetics/genre Painting
Context/Content: Realism has now taken the place of Romanticism in order to depict life as it actually is. These men are stone breakers and their sole job for the entire day is to break down big rocks into smaller rocks. It is a very low level job and is depicted as such, with no romanticizing of circumstance whatsoever.
OLYMPIA
Period: Realism/Impressionism
ID Aspects: Contemporary issue/context, not idealizing the subject, mid-action, viewer intensive
Artist: Edouard Manet
Patron: unknown, none
Name/Date: Olympia/1870 CE
Medium: Oil
Function: Aesthetics
Context/Content: Olympia used to be a highly popular name for a prostitute and such is what is depicted. She is painted to be looking into the viewer's eyes in order to bring you more into the painting and become more emotionalized from the piece.
ROUEN CATHEDRAL
Period: Impressionism
ID Aspects: less perfectionism, more focus on lighting, more attention on line and form
Artist: Claude Monet
Patron: unknown, none
Name/Date: Rouen Cathedral/1870 CE
Medium: Oil
Function: Aesthetics
Context/Content: Like many of the Impressionists, Monet was obsessed with depicting light in several settings. He painted this cathedral several times form different angles and times of the day. They were also focused more on the shapes they saw in an image, than drawing the image truly as it is in real life.
THE BATH
Period: Impressionism
ID Aspects: Japanese influences, genre piece, mother and child, domestic setting/event, skewed perspective
Artist: Mary Cassatt
Patron: unknown, none
Name/Date: The Bath/1870 CE
Medium: Oil
Function: Aesthetics/Genre Painting
Context/Content: Cassatt was heavily influenced by the works of Degas and Japanisme culture. Her impressionistic work is slightly less painterly and busy as other artists in this period because of her influences. As a female artist, she was confined with her access o models and subsequently had to draw more paintings that showed a domestic setting.
MONT SAINT-VICTOIRE
Period: Post-Impressionism
ID Aspects: painterly, more focus on line and form, contrasting colors in relation to each other,reduced geometric forms, heavy foreground images, lots of paint, palette knife used to paint
Artist: Paul Cezanne
Patron: unknown, none
Name/Date: Mount Saint-Victoire/1900 CE
Medium: Oil
Function: Aesthetics
Context/Content: Post-Impressionists still held onto core obsessions of the Impressionists when it came to light and color. However, they also tried to mingle these attributes with rudimentary lines, shapes, and forms in their interpretations.
STARRY NIGHT
Period: Post-Impressionism
ID Aspects: painterly, focus on line and form, color theory + contrasting colors, rudimentary shapes, heavy foreground image, fluid, focus on interaction of light in piece
Artist: Vincent van Gogh
Patron: unknown, none
Name/Date: Starry Night/1900 CE
Medium: Oil
Function: Aesthetics
Context/Content:Van Gogh was just like any other Post-Impressionist and then some. His fixation was more on light than other Post-Impressionists. He was attentive on how the moon lit up landscapes and made the nightscape more popularized than it ever had been prior. This scene shows the view from his room while institutionalized.
MAHANA NO ATUA
Period: Post-Impressionism
ID Aspects: color theory (contrasting colors), heavy foreground images, less painterly, expressive, evoke emotional reaction
Artist: Paul Gauguin
Patron: unknown, none
Name/Date: Mahana No Atua/1900 CE
Medium: Oil
Function: Aesthetics
Context/Content: Gauguin spent much time in Tahiti painting things and such influence is shown here. It shows an extreme reproduction of color theory though the river in the foreground. Once again, the point of Post-Impressionism is to express the scene more than it is to create the most realistic depiction of it.
THE SCREAM
Period: Symbolism
ID Aspects: painterly, symbolic of what is happening in the painting, allegorical, color theory (contrasting colors), highly expressive, strong emotional reaction to image
Artist: Edvard Munch
Patron: unknown, none
Name/Date: The Scream/1900 CE
Medium: Oil
Function: Aesthetics
Context/Content: Munch was basically obsessed with his paintings and thought of them as his children. He would not sell any of them or let them out of his reach. The Scream symbolizes his reaction to nature proving his insignificance to reality as a whole. Nature cannot really express such an emotion, which makes this piece symbolic of the event.
THE KISS
Period: Fin de Siecle
ID Aspects: weird perspective, differing patterns, brightly colored attire, inspired by Arts & Crafts movement
Artist: Gustav Klimt
Patron: unknown, none
Name/Date: The Kiss/1900 CE
Medium: Oil
Function: Aesthetics
Context/Content: This signifies the period that comes to close the 19th Century. At this time, there was much though about humanity as a whole. This period did work to bring together the ideas of the realists and the impressionists in order to evoke emotion out of a realistic, contemporary piece.

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