Drugs

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Terms in this set (...)

Depressant
A substance that inhibits or slows down the central nervous system.
Hallucinogen
Drugs that affect a person's perceptions, sensations, thinking, self-awareness, and emotions.
Inhalants
Substances whose fumes are sniffed and inhaled to achieve a mind-altering effect.
Narcotics
Drugs from the opiate family, reduce pain and create a state of well-being.
Prescription Drugs
A drug that is available only with written instructions from a doctor, dentist, physician assistant or nurse practitioner to a pharmacist.
Anabolic Steroids
Manufactured testosterone, drugs that are usually taken to build muscle, enhance performance, and improve appearance.
Stimulants
Drugs (such as caffeine, nicotine, and the more powerful amphetamines, cocaine, and ecstasy) that excite neural activity and speed up body functions.
Dextromethorphan
An ingredient in cough syrups that are sold over the counter.
Cocaine
A powerful and addictive stimulant, derived from the coca plant, producing temporarily increased alertness and euphoria.
Marijuana
The dried leaves, flowers, stems, and seeds from the Cannabis sativa or Cannabis indica plant. The plant contains the mind-altering chemical THC.
opioids
Prescription versions are used mostly to treat moderate to severe pain. Deaths from abuse of this class of drugs have increased dramatically in recent years.
Ecstasy (MDMA)
A synthetic drug that alters mood and perception. It is chemically similar to both stimulants and hallucinogens, producing feelings of increased energy, pleasure, emotional warmth, and distorted sensory and time perception.
Heroin
An opioid drug taken from the seed pod of the various opium poppy plants. Typically, it is injected or snorted to produce an intense high.
Over the Counter
Medications that can be purchased without a prescription
Withdrawal Symptoms
the unpleasant physical and psychological reaction that accompanies the process of stopping an addictive drug
Tolerance
the capacity of the body to become less responsive to a drug with repeated use, so that a higher drug dose is needed to achieve prior effects
Nicotine
a poisonous alkaloid C10H14N2 that is found in tobacco and is used as an insecticide. It is highly addictive and quickly induces tolerance.
Alcohol (ethyl alcohol)
A depressant liquid that is produced by the natural fermentation of sugars and is the intoxicating constituent of wine, beer, spirits, and other drinks
Methadone
Opioid used in the management of withdrawal states to help treat opiate addictions.
Methamphetamine
A stimulant drug usually found as a white, bitter-tasting powder, a pill, or rocks. A powerfully addictive drug that stimulates the central nervous system. Labs started to "cook" this drug have been known to unexpectedly blow up.
Narcan (naloxone)
A medication which rapidly reverses opioid effects. It can very quickly restore normal breathing to a person whose breathing has slowed or stopped as a result of overdosing with heroin or prescription opioid pain medications.
Addiction
a long-term disease where a person has compulsive drug craving and use, despite adverse consequences
Rehabilitation
a form of treatment available to help people overcome drug addictions

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