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18 terms

Industrial Revolution

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crop rotation
The practice of rotating use of different fields from crop to crop each year, to avoid exhausting the soil.
enclosure
one of the fenced-in or hedged-in fields created by wealthy British landowners on land that was formerly worked by village farmers.
textile industry
Industries involved in the reproduction and manufacturing of clothing and cloth
tenement
multistory building divided into crowded apartments
urbanization
the movement of people from rural areas to cities
labor union
an organization that seeks to increase the wages and improve the working conditions of its members
Progressive Movement
reform effort, generally centered in urban areas and begun in the early 1900s, whose aims included returning control of the government to the people, restoring economic opportunities, and correcting injustices in American life.
socialism
A system in which society, usually in the form of the government, owns and controls the means of production.
capitalism
an economic system based on private ownership and on the investment of money in business ventures in order to make a profit
communism
an economic system in which all means of production—land, mines, factories, railroads, and businesses—are owned by the people, private property does not exist, and all goods and services are shared equally.
monopoly
total control of a type of industry by one person or one company
factory
place in which workers and machines are brought together to produce large quantities of goods
James Watt
developed the Steam Engine
coal
a black mineral from the earth that can be burned for fuel
urban
having to do with cities
rural
relating to the country or farming
plague
a deadly disease that spreads rapidly from person to person
pollution
the act of contaminating or polluting