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54 terms

Society and Drugs

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Passive Smoking
nonsmokers inhaling cigarette smoke from the environment
Sidestream Smoke
Another name for second hand smoke. Smoke coming out of the tip of cigarette (not filtered so more dangerous)
Mainstream Smoke
Smoke inhaled from cigarette into lungs
Hallucinogens
Substances that alter sensory processing in the brain. Causing perceptual disturbances, changes in thought process, and depersonalization
Classic Phantastica
Major group of hallucinogens that typically allows user to remain in some touch with reality but also experience fantacy, can remember experience
Deliriants
Major group of hallucinogens that the user is outside of reality
Synesthesia
Sensation or image on a sense other than the one being stimulated. Experiencing sounds as pictures, or of seeing movements produced by musical rhythms
Psilocybin
-Hallucinogenic substance that dried mushrooms are likely to contain
-Primary active ingredient for "magic mushrooms"
Snuff Dipping
The act of placing tobacco between the gums and cheek or gums and lip
Ergot Fungus
LSD was synthesized from alkaloids and derived from this
Mescaline
-The hallucinogenic substance that is found in the peyote cactus
-Primary active ingredient in peyote
Serotonin
Hallucinogens most likely exert their effects by altering this neurotransmitter
Scopolamine, Hyoscyamine, Atropine
The three compounds in anticholinergic hallucinogens
Anticholinergenic Hallucinogens
Antagonize the effects of acetylcholine. Naturally occuring in plants and herbs. Such as atropine from deadly nightshade plant, mandrake, or jimsonweed
Mydriasis
Pupil dilation
Entactogens
Drugs that enhance the sensation and pleasure of touching
Salvia Divinorum
Naturally occuring hallucinogen plant. Known as "Diviner's Sage" or "Diviner's Mint"
Cannabis Sativa
Biological species name for the variety of hemp plant known as marijuana. Because of fibers, hemp rope is made
Cannabis Indica
Grown for psychoactive resin, THC. Most potent
Cannabis Ruderalis
Grown in Russia, can be smoked, doesn't grow in Western climate
Dioecious
Cannibis has male and female parts of the plant
Sinsemilla/Ganja
Meaning "without seeds" dried tops of female plant. Used as slang terms for marijuana (pot, Mary Jane)
Hashish/Charas
Pure resin, low THC
Marinol
A capsule containing THC that was approved by sale by the FDA in 1985 for medical purposes
Anandamide
A natural substance in the body that has marijuana-like effects
Nicotine gum, patches
Without prescription
Nicotine nasal spray, inhalers, bupropion/varenicline
With prescription
Bupropion
Antidepressant medication available by prescription
Volatile
Chemical classification if it readily evaporates at room temperature
Valium
Often used to sedate the agitation caused by PCP
Saint-John's-Wort
Dietary supplement used for potentially treating anxiety and depression
SAMe
Dietary supplement used as possible antidepressant, active form on amino acid
Ginkgo Biloba
Dietary supplement suggested for improving memory (alzeimers), reduces blood clotting
Anesthetics
"Without Snsibility" automatic pain relief, loss of conciousness
Analgesics
-"Without Pain" pain relief, still concious
-Most commonly used types of OTH medication in the U.S
Antipyretic
Reduces fever
Antitussive
Drugs that block the coughing reflex
Bronchodilators
Relieve asthma attacks
Antacid
Most frequently used OTC med. for gastrointestinal disorders
Nicotiana Tabacum
Primary species of tobacco cultivated in U.S
Acetaminophen
-OTC analgesic with the fewest anti-inflammatory effects
-Tyenol
Acne
OTC drugs that cause the keratin layer of the skin to peel away are used for the treatment of this
Snuff/Chewing Tobacco
Alternatives to smoking, still administering nicotine
Cigars
Combination of chewing and smoking
Leukoplakia
Type of oral cancer associated with smoking. White patches in gums.
Nicotine
-Naturally occurring liquid alkaloid that is colorless and volatile.
-Primary reinforcing substance in tobacco
Acetacholine
Neurotransmitter that nicotine mimics by stimulating and then blocking receptor site
Phenylethylamine Hallucinogens
Chemically related to amphetamines (DOM, MDA, MDMA)
PCP (Phencyclidine)
First used as anesthetic, dangerous because of unpredictability
Glaucoma
High blood pressure in eyes, associated with marijuana use
Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act (DSHEA) 1994
-Defined supplements and set regulations for safety and labeling
-Only take off shelves IF multiple dangerous complants
Kefauver-Harris Amendment 1962
-Requires drugs be safe and effective
-Three standards (GRAS, GRAE, GRAHL)
Acetylsalicylic Acid
Asprin
Ibuprofen
Asprin like analgesic and anti-inflammatory