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Organs and their functions
Terms in this set (14)
A hollow muscular organ that stores urine before expelling it from the body.
The brain is the master control center of the body. It receives information through the senses from inside and outside of the body. It analyzes this information then sends messages to the body that controls its functions and actions. The brain remembers past experiences, is the source of thought, moods, and emotions
The ear converts sound which enters the ear canal, from mechanical vibrations into electrical signals that the brain interprets. The ear also contains a fluid that is vital for balance.
The eyes collect light and then sends a message to the brain for integration.
A small, pear-shaped muscular sac, located under the right lobe of the liver, in which bile secreted by the liver is stored until needed by the body for digestion.
Beginning with the cecum and ending with the rectum; includes the cecum and the colon and the rectum; extracts moisture from food residues which are later excreted as feces
A large, reddish-brown, organ located in the upper right portion of the abdominal cavity that secretes bile and is active in the formation of certain blood proteins and in the metabolism of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins.
The body opening through which an animal takes in food.
The system of cells, tissues, and organs that regulates the body's responses to internal and external stimuli. In vertebrates it consists of the brain, spinal cord, nerves, ganglia, and parts of the receptor and effector organs.
A long, irregularly shaped gland in vertebrates, lying behind the stomach, that secretes pancreatic juice into the duodenum and insulin, glucagon, and somatostatin into the bloodstream.
The upper portion of the bowel, in which the process of digestion is practically completed. It is narrow and contorted, and consists of three parts, the duodenum, jejunum, and ileum.
The thick, whitish cord of nerve tissue that extends from the medulla oblongata down through the spinal column and from which the spinal nerves branch off to various parts of the body.
The enlarged, saclike canal, one of the principal organs of digestion, located between the esophagus and the small intestine.
The fleshy, movable, muscular organ, attached in most vertebrates to the floor of the mouth, that is the principal organ of taste, an aid in chewing and swallowing, and, in humans, an important organ of speech.
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