36 terms

Chapter 7: Rome Before Christ

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Terms in this set (...)

Estruscans
Early inhabitants who built the first cities in Italy
Actium
The place Octavian defeated Antony's fleet
March 14, 44 B.C.
The year Julius Caesar died
Carthage
Rome's chief rival
Pax Romana
Two hundred years of the Roman Empire remembered as a time of peace & prosperity
What is Italy shaped like?
Boot
Patricians
Wealthier Romans
Plebians
Common people of Rome
Hannibal
used elephants in his march through the Alps during the 2nd Punic War
Gauls, Greeks, Etruscans, and Latins
Early inhabitants of Italy
Romulus, Remus
Two brothers in the legend of Rome's beginning
Scipio
led the Roman attack on Carthage during the 2nd Punic War
Pompey
Elected consul in 70 BC; captured Jerusalem in 63 BC. Suffered a humiliating death on an Egyptian beach in 48 BC.
Julius Caesar
A Roman aristocrat popular as a champion of the poor who ruled the Roman Empire from 49-44BC; stabbed to death by a group of senators who hoped to reestablish the old republic and were unwilling to submit to the rule of one man.
Cleopatra
Last Ptolemaic ruler of Egypt; committed suicide with Antony in 31 BC
Antony
One of the leading candidates to replace Julius Caesar; Julius Caesar's closest friend; defeated at Actium; fell in love with Cleopatra, the queen of Egypt and last heir of the old Ptolemaic dynasty.
Octavian
Julius Caesar's adopted son and heir; became known as Caesar Augustus; one of the 2 leading candidates to replace Julius Caesar
Republic
Form of government in which all citizens who are entitled to vote participate in decisions through elected officials
Forum
a common meeting place which was the heart of the city of Rome
Julian calendar
The calendar Julius Caesar made that had 365 1/4 days per year
Herod
Palestinian king at the time of Christ's birth
Sardinia and Sicily
2 large islands that lie near the Italian pennisula
Alps
the mountains which isolate Italy from the rest of Europe
Tiber River
location of the city of Rome
Rubicon River
where Caesar disobeyed and showed his determination to be the ruler of Rome
Palestine
the name of the promised land by the time of the Roman Empire
Punic Wars
series of wars between Rome and Carthage
Battle of Zama
where Hannibal was defeated and Carthage's power utterly broken
Senate
the most powerful body in the Roman republic
Princeps, Imperator, Caesar Augustus
Octavian's titles
Colosseum
A Roman amphitheater where crowds gathered to watch men fight men and beasts to the death
Christ
the true King of the Jews whose coming was the greatest turning point in History
Septuagint
a Greek version of the Old Testament
Synagogues
Jewish place of worship
Census
a counting of the total population and value of property in each province
Pyrrhus
The Greek king whose victories over Rome cost him many men.

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